If you are concerned that you may have gum disease , there is a good reason for it. Nearly half of the US adult population suffers from gum disease. It is about 65 million people. This is one of the most common reasons people go to the dentist. So are you in danger?
Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease . This has serious consequences for the health of your teeth. It is a chronic condition that can progress rapidly in different people. In the worst case, this leads to infection and loosening of the teeth, which must be extracted.
Gum bleeding is closely related to the way you brush and floss. Most people do not brush their teeth enough and use dental floss.
Removing the plaque is only part of the story. Gum disease is a symptom of many other problems in the body. This item is TK TK.
If you suspect you have gum disease, these four signs may indicate that it is time to see your dentist.
Your gums shouldn't bleed when you brush and floss. In general, if you don't floss regularly , bacteria that collect under your gums can cause your gums to bleed every time you brush. It can also spread and cause bleeding when you brush your gums. If the problem persists, the bleeding tends to get worse.
Gum swelling, gum redness, or gum inflammation can also accompany bleeding. Tooth sensitivity can also occur, which can be associated with a recession of infected and bleeding gums. You are often asked if you should stop flossing when your gums bleed.
If you don't floss, the plaque that causes gingivitis will destroy the fibers that attach the gum tissue to the teeth. This plaque contains bacteria that cause gum disease.
There is much more to consider with bleeding gums than just the pain or discomfort associated with the bleeding itself. While this is sufficient for most people, more problems can arise after bleeding begins if it is related to gum disease.
When your blood brings immune cells to leave your tissue, it makes sense that it can make way for other things to enter the bloodstream. In this case, the harmful bacteria that form in your mouth can enter the bloodstream and cause a number of problems.
These bacteria bind to platelets in the blood and cause blood clots to form, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke. If this happens, a number of possible health consequences can arise.
Your dentist will do a physical exam to determine how much your gums are bleeding. You may be aware of some of the common stages of bleeding gums:
- Bleeding occurs after or during tooth brushing . This is when you notice red or dark spots on the brush or thread. Your goal here is to break down the board to show that you are doing the right thing.
- The gums begin to bleed more often . Instead of bleeding when brushing your teeth, you find blood when eating or without any stimulation.
- Bleeding happens on its own, not just when brushing your teeth . Sometimes the gums bleed without irritation. This is a sign that the inflammation is getting worse.
- The gums begin to darken from a light pink to a more intense red . This shows that there are more immune-regulated cells in the vessels. Gingivitis progresses as the immune response worsens. It signals processes that eat away at the gum tissue.
Light red blood is a sign of the presence of oxygen. Darker gums show a lack of oxygen associated with the types of bacteria that thrive in an oxygen-free environment .
Gum recession or gum pockets
Does your teeth seem to be getting longer? Teeth that appear "long" may be associated with receding gums around them. Gum recession is a sign that gum disease is progressing .
When this happens, the gum tissue around the teeth thickens. In the later stages of gum disease, these pockets become too deep. The problem is that later it becomes difficult to remove food and dirt with a toothbrush and floss. This leads to a gradual deepening of the bags and the worsening of the health of the gums.
Unfortunately, for most people, recession of the gums is considered a normal part of aging. You may have heard the expression "long on teeth" to describe aging. This refers to how the gum line tends to recede and expose most of the surface of our teeth.
There really is nothing normal or inevitable about recession of the gums. For most of us, this is preventable.
Elastic straps and pockets are not the same. Both are measured in a dental exam.
Gum recession This is the loss of gum tissue around the tooth, exposing the root. Measurements are taken along the outer surface of the tooth to determine how much the gum has sunken or changed over time.
Measurements differ from person to person in the sense that a 4 millimeter (mm) reading may be acceptable for one person but not suitable for another. By measuring and tracking progress, we can provide you with various recommendations for the care of your teeth and, if necessary, involve a specialist.
Gum pockets are the space between the gums and the teeth. Dentists measure gum pockets by "probing" or "mapping" to determine the general condition of the periodontium or gums.
A probe is placed between the tooth and the gums to determine where the gums begin to adhere. This is called the bottom of the pocket. Hygienists and dentists take six measurements on each tooth to assess the health or presence of gum disease.
By tracking this year after year, we hope to maintain healthy periodontal disease and prevent periodontal disease and tooth loss. The normal or healthy range is 1mm to 3mm, anything above indicates infection and gum disease.
The recession of the gums or the formation of pockets can cause sensitivity in the teeth. In these cases, hypersensitivity can be a sign of gum disease.
Chronically inflamed gum tissue exposes the surface of the tooth root. This exposed root makes the tooth more susceptible to tooth decay , abfraction (wear on the root surface), increased tooth sensitivity, and possible tooth loss.
Tooth sensitivity occurs when drinking hot or cold beverages. If your symptoms get worse, it's time to see your dentist to see if they are related to gum disease.
High blood sugar level
If you have high blood sugar, you may have type 2 diabetes or are at risk. The link between gum disease and type 2 diabetes is two-way. People with type 2 diabetes are at higher risk for gum disease, which progresses faster. That is why it is important for the dentist to know if you have type 2 diabetes or not.
Signs of high blood sugar include:
- Increased thirst
- Reasonable fog or difficulty concentrating
- Blurred or impaired vision
- Frequent urination
- Fatigue or loss of energy (feeling weak, tired).
- Unexplained weight loss
If you experience any of these conditions, you should see a doctor to have your blood sugar checked.
However, if you visit your dentist and are diagnosed with gum disease, you should also monitor your blood sugar level . These conditions are closely related to general inflammation in the body.
Steps to fight gum disease
Visit your dentist for a professional dental checkup and cleaning. In order for gum disease to resolve, you will need to brush and floss. After practicing good oral hygiene, you can assess whether or not the signs of gum disease are improving.
Try to associate flossing and brushing with meal times or times that are convenient for your schedule. Floss, then brush your teeth and tongue:
- When you first wake up
- When you first come home from school or work (don't leave the bathroom until you get back)
- Before bedtime
The purpose of flossing and brushing is to destroy plaque and bacteria without letting them sit for long.
If you do this, the complex tartar (tartar) will never be able to adhere to your teeth. Many people say they think twice a day. What if you miss one of these two occasions? Plaque, which lives in bacteria , will begin to grow on the tooth's surface for the next eight hours.
Well, if you brush your teeth at night, why do you still need to brush your teeth in the morning? That is why you should do it. You clean, do not sterilize, your mouth. There are still living organisms there. Your body works while you sleep, digests food, grows nails, etc. Bacteria go through many processes and form plaque.
Isn't it hard to imagine why your gums are infected and bleeding now (especially if you do it every day)? But remember that your oral hygiene is one of the contributing factors to gum disease. Bleeding gums and inflammation in the mouth are likely to occur in other parts of the body as well.
Gum disease can be a sign of the general condition of your body. Consider it a control panel for other problems involving your mouth, gut, immune system, and heart.
Frequently asked questions
There are four stages of periodontal disease:
- Gingivitis: infection of the gums that has not spread to the bones.
- Early periodontal disease – The infection has spread to the bones.
- Moderate periodontal disease – The infection runs deeper and can cause bone loss and tooth misalignment.
- Advanced stage periodontal disease: requires surgery or laser therapy to treat deep foci of infection.
The only stage of periodontal disease that can be treated is gingivitis. The other three stages can be treated so that the disease progresses slowly, but does not reverse itself, so it is important to practice prevention.
Gum disease is treated by removing plaque at regular dental visits, taking prescription medications to kill disease-causing bacteria, and sometimes surgery to stop the disease or replace bone that has been lost in advanced stages.