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People living with diabetes know that fluctuations in blood glucose levels can lead to a variety of health complications, many of which are associated with foot problems . In severe cases, diabetes can cause decreased sensation in the legs, which can predispose to serious infections that can ultimately lead to amputation.
That said, following a diabetes treatment plan can help reduce your risk of diabetes, and the right shoes are a great place to start.
"People with diabetes need to be very careful when choosing shoes," says Dr. Jonathan Klutt, an orthopedic surgeon in Boston. ' Diabetes can affect the nerves that provide sensation throughout the body. Most of the time, it affects their ability to feel sensations in their feet, making people with diabetes more susceptible to developing sores, calluses, and leg ulcers. "
There are a few things to keep in mind when looking for footwear made for diabetics.
"Shoes must be the correct size and fit the shape of the person's foot," explains Dr. Klutt. "Adequate support and adequate cushioning are characteristics of the right footwear for people with diabetes."
We've researched dozens of diabetic footwear and rated them for reviews, comfort and cushioning, materials, arch support, coverage, style, and size. Each shoe selected in this article was determined to be the best of these factors.
Here you have the best footwear on the market for people with diabetes.
Ultimately, the best diabetic shoe is one that fits your foot comfortably and securely, but with little headroom. And since diabetes can be an expensive diagnosis, choosing Medicare-covered models like the Propet Women's Tour Walker Strap Sneaker (see on Amazon ) and SAS Gretchen Chukka Boot (see on Zappos ) can be another important component of your decision. But if you wear shoes that cushion well to the touch and effectively prevent the common symptoms that people with diabetes experience on their feet, you've made an excellent decision.
What to look for when choosing diabetic shoes
People with diabetes should wear shoes that provide more cushioning and support for their feet to avoid complications. The most approved shoe provides good heel and arch support, as well as more cushioning around the foot. Soft fabrics are used to make the upper part of the shoes, which better protect sensitive skin from irritation or damage.
Podiatrist Alex Kor, a general practitioner from Indiana, believes there is a science behind finding shoes that have adequate support for patients with diabetes. 'Anything that is super flexible is not the best. You shouldn't be able to fully fold the shoes in half. On the other hand, if the shoes are too stiff, that's not what you want either. "Dr. Kor emphasizes that patients should look for shoes with more room for the toes , shoes that do not flex at the arch of the foot, and shoes with removable soles so you can add a custom sole to help with arch support if needed.
Many diabetic shoes are described as having "extra depth," which is especially important for the footwear to be worn. Having extra space in this compartment of the shoe can help protect the skin whenever the foot is swollen or put under extra pressure in a traditional shoe. In diabetic footwear, you want to avoid restrictions and instead provide enough room to breathe.
"There are specialty shoe stores that offer a custom fit and there are all kinds of devices you can use to measure your foot," says Jonathan Klutt, MD, an orthopedic surgeon in Boston . ' Working with someone with experience in shoe sizes can be very rewarding. Running stores offer these services, but many specialty shoe stores offer these services as well. "
There are many sandals suitable for diabetics, but many experts recommend wearing closed-toe shoes to better protect your feet from unwanted injuries. Even a minor cut can lead to a very troublesome infection for a person with diabetes, so minimizing the risks of such incidents is critical.
But be careful not to buy a pair that is too tight. According to Dr. Robert H. Eckel, an endocrinologist who previously worked at the University of Colorado Hospital, 'Make sure your socks and shoes are not tight or rubbing. If the sensation in the legs diminishes, the pressure can cause ulcers or inflammation, which can lead to the opening of wounds and infection. "
Frequently asked questions
'People living with diabetes should avoid high heels, pointed toe shoes, and sandals or open shoes,' explains Dr. Klutt . These types of shoes can put excessive pressure on the focal part of the foot or they can allow debris to get trapped around the foot. Their feet need to be checked regularly for areas of pressure or ulceration, and even minor abnormalities need to be corrected quickly before they become a major problem. "
Dr. Kor says that another important thing to consider is the weight of the shoe. "If the shoes are too heavy, people can fall, especially if we are talking about elderly patients with neuropathy." He recommends shoes with velcro, which allows users to easily control the density of the shoe and also helps people who struggle with agility.
According to Dr. Kor, 'I tell patients not to walk, climb or stand for a long time at home without good shoes or sandals. Whenever possible, patients should wear shoes and socks at home. "
In addition to sturdy shoes, Dina Adimolam, MD, spokesperson for the Society of Endocrinologists, says that with good diabetes control, neuropathy can be prevented by taking prescription diabetes medications and focusing on healthy lifestyles. People with diabetes should prioritize regular foot exams. 'The most important step in diabetic foot care is a daily foot exam. Examine your feet daily in the mirror to be aware of cuts, blisters, etc. If your feet are dry, be sure to moisturize them daily to avoid damage or damage to your skin. Also, don't cut your nails too deep, as this can lead to cuts and infections. "
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