ADHD (shortage of attention deficit hyperactivity): Symptoms


ADHD (The deficit of hyperactivity care) is one of the most common neurocyan disorders of childhood.It affects around 11% of children in schools, in accordance with the National Non-Profit Organization, Chaddom (children and adults with a care deficit disorder).

There are three types of ADHD:

  • predominantly the inattentive presentation
  • in Most hyperactive pressing of pulses
  • combined presentation

as a disorder not separate,ADHD arises from dysfunction in the cerebral and neurological system.

LAURA Porter / Get Meds information

Adults can also be diagnosed with ADHD, as a general rule, as a result of a children’s ADHD,That continues in adults. Two-thirds of children with ADHD continue to examine the symptoms as an adult.

Symptoms and symptoms of ADHH

Children with ADHD have significantly more problems than other sitting still focused and lending Attention to the title has problemsWith other children and study at school. Similarly, AHDH, which is preserved in adulthood, can interfere with the relationship and performance of work.

Symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity depend on the type, but, in general,Children with ADHD Alpity:

  • Frequent Oblivion
  • Sleep and Appearance Do not Listen
  • Needsmantenenerate in the task
  • Inorganization
  • Ulusing tasks that require mental focus
  • forgotten byExample, do not perform with tasks or other tasks
  • problems sitting still riding,and elare
  • continuous conversation
  • negligence (lack of attention to articles)
  • pattern make mistakes
  • anxiety with other children (for example, I do not want to share or in turn)

in adults,The symptoms of ADHD can cause problems at work, at home and with relationships with family members, friends and employees. Child hyperactivity can develop in anxiety. What else, the typical Aulkhov voltages can worsen the symptoms of ADHD?


That ADHD’s reasons are not clear enough, although there is an investigation to take on the genetics,Probably plays an important role. In the development of the fetus or in the early life,As the impact of the lead

  • the maternal use of alcohol or use of tobacco during pregnancy
  • premature supply or low birth weight
  • also There is the number of myths about potential the causes of ADHD,They were looted due to lack of research: there are large amounts of sugar, observing too much television and poverty or riots in the family. However, such factors can aggravate the symptoms of ADHD.


    ADHD is diagnosed according to symptoms and mental health interviews, such as a psychologist, psychiatrist, neurologist or primary medical care.

    In the case of a child, the American Pediatric Academy recommends the diagnostic doctor, teachers and other adults who attend the child to consider Your behavior in different environments and situations. The child can also be interviewed, depending on his age.

    Ultimately, the diagnosis of ADHD will depend on whether the specific criteria specified will be the 5th version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5).

    DSM-5 is a guide for the evaluation and diagnosis of mental disorders that are used by most diagnoses to evaluate the person and see if there are signs and symptoms of mental health disorder.According to the CDC, DSM-5 says that a person with ADHD should show a constant structure of lack of attention and / or hyperactivity: impulsiveness, and these symptoms must interfere with the operation or development.

    These criteria differ based on the type of ADHD, but regardless of the diagnosis of any type of SDHD, which will be presented,The face is evaluated must have:

    • Pulte heavy hyperactic pulsute or unhealthy symptoms of up to 12 years
    • had several symptoms present in the configuration of at least two (or more) ) (Like the school and the house, with colleagues, with family,o Trustees)
    • showed that symptoms interfere with the quality of operation in the social, school or work certificate
    • , had an official evaluation, excluding other primary main causes of symptoms (for instance,Disorder of mood, personal disorder or alarm disorder) / Li>


    There are three different types of ADHD, as defined in DSM-5.The type of SDHD, which a person depends on most of the symptoms shown.Types of ADHD include:

    Predominantly Inatentive Presentation : The child must have at least six of the following symptoms;Adolescent or adult must have five:

    • Set attention when performing tasks or participating in the activity of the game
    • makes negligent errors often
    • a often forget the details of daily tasks
    • frequentlyEasy
    • The task of completed tasks
    • is not listening when they speak directly
    • often forget when performing daily tasks
    • finish Homework or other tasks (problems after visualization,Often installed)

    predominantly impulsive hyperactive presented: Child up to 16 should have six symptoms;Adolescents and old adults must have five:

    • , they often drove, touch with their hands or legs,surrender during the seats
    • often rises or leaves when it is expected to remain
    • often runs or increases inappropriate (adults may feel anxiety,But do not participate in racing or climbing)
    • often can not participate in a quiet leisure
    • often talking
    • often blur the answers before it is I will completely ask the question.conversations
    • impossible to wait in turn,
    • often interrupts the conversation when others say

    combined presentation: There are both types of symptoms (mostly hyperactive and predominantly desacynted)

    Symptoms must be present at least 6 months, and should be considered destructive in labor, school or social and inadequate conditions for the level of development of people.

    Type of people ADHD can change over time, since your common symptoms change when the child becomes older. For example, a child with a predominantly hyperactive-impulsive ADHD presentation can grow to have a predominantly unformed ADHD presentation as an adult.

    Diagnostics of differential

    There is a Series of conditions and disorders that can be accepted for ADHD and, therefore, they should often be excluded to make the final diagnosis,Including:

    • Nice disorders
    • inside depression
    • problems vision and audience

    Treatment of adHD

    ADHD is Processed behavioral portrait,Medicine or both. For preschools of children aged 4 and 5, the first treatment line is based on the behavior and participation of parents.

    Behavior therapy

    There are several behavior The treatment of modalities for ADHD is recommended, these include:

    • behavioral modification: strategy,Aimed at raising relevant behaviors and reducing inappropriate behavior depending on the symptoms of children.
    • Parent training: Parent training to respond in such a way that they contribute to the child’s healthy growth and development and strengthen parents and children.
    • Social skills training: provides a safe environment for a child to study positive social skills, including intending to interact with other children at school and with family members In the home.
    • School Interventions: includes a trained professional who can work with teachers for children and school consultants to formulate an action plan (called IEP),Aimed at the implementation of class interventions as necessary.
    • Organizational skills.


    Two types of Drugs ADHD are available in Short-term activities, intermediate activity,As well as long activity forms:

    • psychosimulants Improve the ability to ignore distraction factors and focus the thoughts. According to the researchers, they are inclined to reduce the behavior of interruption, driving and other hyperactive symptoms. The most commonly used psychosimulants are ritalin (methylphenidate) and Adderall (dextrómphetamine).Studies show that stimulants improve the symptoms of ADHD approximately 70% of adults and 70% to 80% of children. . ADHD or can be prescribed in addition to other medications.Do not stimulate drugs include Strattera (Atomsytin), Intuniv (Guanfakin) and a drop (clonidine).The 2009 study showed that the guanfacin improved work memory, a reduction in distraction and the best satisfaction, as well as the behavior flexibility for ADHD.

    The combination of psychostimulants and medications is not a stimulator sometimes is more effective than Any type of drug alone.According to the 2016 study, guanfacin and d-methylphenidate are effective in improving behavioral and cognitive operations for those who have not reacted with only stimulants.

    The most common side effects of ADHD medications are soft; Some elements after the drug have been taken some time.If the side effects are not short, the prescription doctor can reduce the dose or, perhaps, to prescribe another medication.

    Side Effects of Drug AdHD include:

    • insomnia (sleep complexity)
    • Loss of appetite
    • Loss of Weight
    • nervousness or irritability
    • The most common side effectsThey include:
    • Loss of appetite / reduced weight
    • Social network

    The most common side effects of stimulants may include:

    • the rebound effect (in which hyperactivity or whims increases,Since drugs are installed)
    • TICS (repeated muscle movements,Like the blinking eyes)
    • Minor delay in the extraordinary growth drawing

    Alternative procedures

    There are many alternative and additional treatment procedures,They develop efficiency for the treatment of ADHD. However, the CDC warns that many of them have not been tested or effective or effective. This does not mean that the natural procedures for ADHD do not help all me, there is simply no sufficient evidence, they are effective.

    Examples of alternative procedures for ADHD include:

    • Hydraulic gym
    • brightness
    • cogmed: A The program said it would be effective in preparing work memory in children with ADHD.
    • suplementos de Omega-3 (additives for fish oil additives)
    • Massage therapy
    • Learning awareness

    Potentially harmful methods to treat the ADHD

    Before testing the alternative treatment of ADHD,Talk to your health care provider.Some may interfere with the prescribed treatment for ADHD, and some can even be harmful,Among them:

    • Allergy treatment
    • megavitimins
    • biofeedback
    • limited diet
    • Therapy of Movement
    • Treatment of motion disease
    • Movement movement formationocular

    Life with a child or a teenager It has add can be a challenge for the whole family.As a parent, it is important to learn how to help your child overcome ADHD’s challenges, for all support and help for themselves, if necessary.

    There are methods help control your child’s behavior and work with the general problems of ADHD. You can get more information about AdHD Children’s Education Tips on How to get professional assistance and education for parents and behavior treatment of children (as soon as possible during the disease) is mandatory to help parents and children with ADHD effectively.

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