Enemas are a common treatment constipation. and while they can be safe and effective, they carry risks when done at home or used too often. When overused for constipation, they can even aggravate your health problems. They can also lead to life-threatening complications.
Enemas it works by injecting fluid into the intestines so you can soften the stool and help it pass. However, this is the ultimate remedy for constipation. Before opting for enemas, and especially repeated enemas, you need to understand the risks and how often they can be used safely.
Safe use of enemas
An enema, generally speaking, is the introduction of fluid into the rectum and colon through the anus. Enemas are used for a variety of reasons:
- Before testing: Before performing a test such as colonoscopy. one or more enemas may be used to clear the colon of all feces.
- Colon X-ray: To make the colon look better on an X-ray, health care professionals use barium enemas, which contain a metallic substance that covers the Lining of the colon. This allows them to better detect abnormalities such as colon cancer.
- For medication administration– Inflammatory medications may be given directly to the rectum or sigmoid colon (lower part of the colon) as a treatment for conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
- Constipation: While enemas can effectively relieve constipation, you should only use them with your doctor’s direct Advice and should not use them frequently.
If your health care provider recommends an enema at home, you can buy an enema kit without a prescription. Most contain water and salt, mineral oil or a light laxative.
Get what your health care provider recommends. Do not add anything to this and be sure to follow the instructions carefully. Don’t try to make an enema kit out of the things you have in the house.
Unsafe use of enemas
Using an enema at home always carries a certain risk. Risks of an enema include:
- Damage or perforation (perforation) of the rectum or intestine due to sprain
- Alteration of the natural microflora in the intestine.
- Pain caused by drinking too hot or cold liquids
- Too much fluid is injected that can stay in the body and leave without warning
- Infection caused by non-sterile equipment; this is especially a problem for people with autoimmune diseases or weakened immune systems
Perforation associated with enema can lead to sepsis (infection of the blood), which has been shown study. it is fatal in about 4% of cases.
Repeated use of enemas can cause serious problems over time, such as:
- Weakening of the intestinal muscles, so it depends on enemas to have a bowel movement
- A condition called hyponatremia o water poisoning, which is an electrolyte imbalance that occurs when the body lacks sodium; in severe cases, it can cause confusion, seizures, and coma
Species enema called colon hydrotherapy or the colon. They are invasive and can cause harmful effects if you use them to clean your stool regularly.
If you have hemorrhoids, enemas can cause additional pain. If you have rectal prolapse (the lower end of the intestine that protrudes from the rectum), you should avoid using an enema.
In 2014, the U.S. food and drug Administration (FDA) issued a warning against the reuse of enemas containing sodium phosphate, such as Fleet brand enema and various trademarks with the same ingredients.
Sodium phosphate enema is especially dangerous for the elderly. This can lead to hyperphosphatemia, an electrolyte disorder that includes high levels of phosphate and low levels of calcium in the blood. It can cause pain, rashes, muscle cramps, periodic cramps, kidney and liver damage, and (rarely) death.
Many people advertise homemade enemas, often with “special” ingredients, to cleanse the intestine, improve digestion or other supposed benefits. Such use of enemas not recommended the medical community.
This includes enemas containing coffee, herbs, minerals such as Epsom salt, soap scum, acidic solutions, and basically anything your health care provider hasn’t told you to use. In addition to the usual risks associated with enemas, these fancy enemas can cause:
- Destruction of intestinal bacteria
- Electrolyte disorders
- Severe dehydration that can be fatal
- Rectal burns, inflammation and infection that can be fatal
- Internal bleeding leading to a blood transfusion and possibly removal of the colon
Safe treatments for constipation
Again, enema should be the last resort to treat constipation. In most cases, constipation can be eliminated with lifestyle changes, such as:
- Adding fiber to your diet
- Drink more water
Over-the-counter laxatives they may be an option for you, but they also come with risks. Talk about them with your health care provider, especially if you have regular constipation.
Constipation can be caused by serious illnesses, such as neurological problems or colon cancer. If you have constipation that is hard to relieve, talk to your health care provider.
A Few Words From Get Meds Info
Constipation is unpleasant and you may want quick relief. If safe and recommended treatments do not suggest it, seek medical attention instead of trying home remedies that can do more harm than good.