Athlete's foot types and treatment methods.

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Athlete's foot , also called tinea pedis, is a foot infection caused by various types of dermatophytes , fungi that cause skin infections. There are several types of athlete's foot with different symptoms, treatments, and causes.

Leg rash is a fairly common problem, but it is not always caused by the athlete's feet. If you develop changes in the skin of your foot with or without discomfort, you should consult your doctor so that he can make an accurate diagnosis and start the correct treatment.

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Types

The different types of athlete's foot can be recognized by their symptoms and where they appear. Each of them is caused by a different fungus.

Chronic interdigital athletic foot

Chronic interdigital athletic foot, the most common type, is often caused by Trichophyton interdigitale. It is characterized by scaling , maceration , and cracking, usually in the membranous space between the fourth and fifth toes.

This type of athlete's foot is the result of wearing tight, non-porous shoes that compress the toes, creating a warm, moist environment in the webbed spaces that can promote fungal growth.

A fungal infection can be complicated by a secondary bacterial foot infection, which is more serious than athlete's foot and requires different treatment.

In chronic interdigital athletic feet, the itching is usually more intense when socks and shoes are removed.

Chronic scaly foot (moccasin type) of an athlete

Multiple fungi can cause an athlete's moccasin foot to develop, leaving the soles of the sole dry and flaky. The scales are very thin and silvery, and the skin underneath is usually pink and tender.

Your hands can also be infected, and a common infection pattern is two legs and one arm, or one foot and two arms. Less often, this infection can spread to other parts of the body.

Chronic athlete's squamous foot is associated with fungal nail infections, which can lead to recurring skin infections.

Acute vesicular athletic foot

This is the least common type of mycosis caused by multiple fungi. It often begins with a chronic infection of the toe webbing. This type of athlete's foot is also known as "jungle rot" and has historically been a problem for military personnel fighting in hot, humid conditions.

Acute gallbladder athletic foot is characterized by the sudden formation of painful blisters on the sole or top of the foot.

Another wave of blisters can follow the first and can also affect other areas of the body, such as the arms, chest, or the sides of the fingers. These blisters are caused by an allergic reaction to a fungus on the foot called a tag reaction .

Risk factor's

Athletic foot affects approximately 15% of adults and is more common in men than women. It can also affect children.

Athlete's foot can affect anyone, but there are several contributing factors:

  • Exposure from changing shoes or walking barefoot in contaminated areas (eg, changing rooms)
  • Wearing shoes or socks for an extended period
  • Wet feet in shoes or socks
  • Diabetes
  • Immune system disorder due to disease or use of immunosuppressive drugs.

These risk factors can predispose you to any type of athletic foot, and the type of disease you suffer from will depend on the type of dermatophyte you are prone to.

After you've had an episode of athletic foot, you can become a carrier and be more prone to relapses and complications, especially if you haven't fully healed.

Diagnostics

Athlete's foot is diagnosed by physical exam and possibly laboratory tests. Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms, how long you've had them, and if you have predisposing factors. Your healthcare professional will also examine your legs and other areas of your skin.

You can also perform the KOH test. This is a painless procedure in which a scraping of scales, rashes, or blisters is taken for quick analysis. A positive KOH test confirms the presence of dermatophytes, but a negative KOH test does not exclude the presence of athlete's foot. Fungal elements can be difficult to isolate in the athlete's interdigital foot and moccasin foot.

Culture is a more specific test in which a sample is sent to a laboratory to verify the growth of an infectious organism. This culture takes several days and can more accurately determine the type of dermatophyte .

If you suspect another cause of your foot symptoms, such as a bacterial infection, poison ivy, or vascular disease, you may have special tests for it.

Watch out

If you have an athletic foot, you will need treatment and lifestyle changes. Your healthcare professional will recommend the best methods for washing and drying your feet during treatment.

You can also be counseled on strategies to prevent reinfection and the spread of infection, such as washing towels and sheets. Also, you may need to change your shoe and sock wearing habits to avoid excessive moisture.

Home remedies , such as washing your feet in a vinegar solution, can also be helpful when used with medication, but are not curative when used without treatment. Be sure to check with your healthcare professional before using your athlete's foot home remedy. Some conditions, such as a bacterial infection, can be made worse if you add home remedies to your treatment plan.

Less

Mild cases of athlete's foot, especially toe web infections, can be treated with topical antifungal creams or sprays such as tinactin (tolnaftate). or Lotrimin (clotrimazole).

Topical medications should be used twice a day until the rash is completely gone, or as directed by a doctor.

Severe form

More serious infections and athlete's foot should be treated with an oral antifungal drug such as terbinafine or itraconazole. two to six months. All oral antifungal medications can affect the liver; Therefore, your doctor will want to monitor your liver function regularly.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

How to quickly heal an athlete's leg?

The fastest way to heal an athlete's leg is to recognize it and see a doctor as soon as you notice the symptoms. Take your medications as directed and be vigilant to avoid reinfection.

Get the word of drug information

Athlete's foot is a common foot condition. This can be uncomfortable and ugly. Some species are contagious and complications can arise, so it is best to try nipping them in the bud if you start showing symptoms. In addition, other conditions similar to the athlete's leg can sometimes appear. It is important to make a correct diagnosis because the treatments are different.

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