Causes and treatment of closed comedones.

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Is your skin rough and uneven? Most of us call these pesky little bumps clogged or clogged pores. You may be surprised to learn that these lumps are actually small cysts called closed comedones . A single lump is called a comedo .

This article looks at closed comedones and their causes on the skin. It also discusses how to get rid of them.

Closed comedones on the forehead. DermNet / CC BY-NC-ND

Symptoms

Closed comedones appear as small bumps on the surface of the skin. They are not red or sore like a typical pimple, and they do not hurt.

A closed comedo develops when a plug of skin cells and oil becomes trapped in the hair follicle, the structure of the tunnel from which hair grows. The plug fills the follicle, causing it to swell and create the bump seen on the skin.

Closed comedones can appear anywhere on the skin. But most of the time they appear on the face, neck, chest, and back.

Some comedones are open. They are also called blackheads . But in closed comedones, the pores are clogged. The oil plug is not exposed to air, so it does not turn brown or black.

In fact, some closed comedones develop a very obvious white head. These types of closed comedones are called miles . If bacteria invade or the follicle wall ruptures, closed comedones can turn into inflamed pimples.

Causes

Some people are more likely to develop comedones than others. Every once in a while, everyone has closed comedones. But if you have a lot of them and they are quite persistent, you probably have a type of acne called comedogenic acne .

Closed comedones are very common during adolescence and adolescence. This is because the sebaceous glands in the skin (also known as sebaceous glands) accelerate production during adolescence. All of this extra oil is more likely to form comedones.

These spots do not only appear in adolescents. They are also common in adults with oily skin. Some studies show that smokers are also more likely to develop closed comedones.

Certain products that are applied to the skin can contribute to these blemishes. Thick creams and lotions often clog pores and cause skin problems. Makeup, especially oil-based products, can do this too.

If your breakouts are primarily hairline related, you may want to look at your hair products. They can cause breakouts.

Click Play to learn more about closed comedones.

Watch out

Closed comedones can be very annoying, but they can be treated. If you have mild bumps and small breakouts, you may want to try an over-the-counter acne treatment first.

Over-the-counter treatments

Over-the-counter salicylic acid or glycolic acid are ingredients that speed up the removal of dead skin cells and help prevent clogged pores. Over-the-counter products will take some time to work. Try them for at least eight weeks before expecting an improvement in the appearance of your skin.

Prescription drugs

If you have more than a few closed comedones, or if you struggle with these bumps for a long time, you should see a dermatologist (skin doctor) for prescription medications.

Topical retinoids are a great option, and your dermatologist will most likely ask you to try it first. These medications include:

They help clear existing clogged pores and prevent new ones from forming. In addition, they soften and soften the skin.

Other treatments that a dermatologist may suggest are azelaic acid or benzoyl peroxide . For women, birth control pills (when used in conjunction with topical treatments) can also help prevent closed comedones from forming on the skin.

Extraction

Removing stains can also be helpful. Here, a dermatologist or esthetician uses their fingers or a special tool called a comedone remover to remove the plug that is causing the stain.

Elimination does not prevent the formation of closed comedones. You will still need treatment to prevent them from coming back. But they can help start treatment. They can also improve the appearance of your skin while you wait for comedonic acne remedies to take effect.

Summary

Closed comedones are small bumps that appear on the skin. This is a type of acne that is common in teens, teens, and adults with oily skin.

If you have mild closed comedones, you can use an over-the-counter treatment. If it's a more serious condition, you may need to see your doctor. Doctors can prescribe topical creams to get rid of closed comedones and prevent them from happening again.

A dermatologist or esthetician can also manually remove these small bumps to make your skin look smoother while you wait for topical treatments to take effect.

Get the word of drug information

Nobody wants small bumps like closed comedones on their skin. This can embarrass you and make you feel less confident about your appearance. If you experience these types of acne and need help, see your doctor. Doctors can prescribe treatment or refer you to a specialist to help improve your skin condition.

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