Causes of dry spots on the face and how to treat them.

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When dry spots appear on the skin, it is due to a lack of hydration. When this happens, the skin can peel off or become flaky.

Below are the possible causes of dry skin.

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Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that causes dry patches on the skin. They look like tenacious, red and thickened silver plates.

Although psoriasis can occur anywhere on the skin, it is generally the face that occurs in up to 50% of people with psoriasis.

Rarely are areas of dry skin and other psoriasis symptoms that only appear on the face; most people have psoriasis on other parts of the body, such as the scalp.

Watch out

Treating facial psoriasis can be challenging because the face is very sensitive and is considered more difficult to treat than other areas of the skin.

Treatment for psoriasis may include:

  • Topical medicated lotion (for the skin)
  • Mild soap-free cleaners
  • Moisturizers
  • Low potency corticosteroid cream
  • Other topical preparations such as descaling agents such as salicylic acid.
  • Systemic treatment, such as taking oral medications.

Eczema

Eczema is the name of a common skin condition that causes breakouts associated with dry, irritated skin; It is often inherited from childhood, but some people develop eczema in adulthood.

Eczema affects nearly 15 million people in the United States. Initially, eczema presents with redness and itching. It often appears as dry, red spots on the cheeks and around the eyes.

Watch out

Eczema treatment is individual, depending on the severity of the condition. Treatment may include home remedies to relieve symptoms or prescription medications. Home remedies can include:

  • Daily cleansing and hydration
  • Eliminate contact with irritants and allergens (such as wool and other fabrics that cause itching and allergens)

Medications for eczema include:

  • Topical corticosteroid creams and ointments (for the skin) : These medications are available without a prescription, but stronger topical corticosteroids require a prescription.
  • Systemic corticosteroids : They are available in the form of pills or injectables. These medications may be prescribed if topical corticosteroids are not effective.
  • Local calcineurin inhibitors : They help prevent flare-ups by suppressing the immune system response.
  • Moisturizers to restore barriers : They reduce dry skin and help the skin to regenerate by reducing water loss. These products are available by prescription (Epiceram cream) or over the counter (CeraVe and Cetaphil lotion).
  • Phototherapy : This is the use of UVA or UVB waves to treat mild symptoms of dermatitis.
  • Biological Agent : It is used for the most serious forms of eczema and is called Dupixent.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a type of eczema that results from contact with a substance that causes an allergic reaction. The symptoms are the same as for many other types of eczema, but contact dermatitis (unlike atopic dermatitis) is not inherited or associated with other allergic conditions (such as hay fever or asthma).

Watch out

Treatments for contact dermatitis include:

  • Identify and prevent the allergen or irritant causing the skin reaction.
  • Topical steroids
  • Systemic (injectable) corticosteroids for common rash

Seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin condition that primarily affects the scalp, but can also be found in other areas of the body, including oily areas such as the hairline and the sides of the nose, as well as the eyebrows, ears. , eyelids, etc. sternum (sternum). The cause is believed to be an abnormal immune system reaction to a type of yeast that normally lives on the skin called Malassezia yeast.

Watch out

Mild cases of seborrheic dermatitis are often treated with an over-the-counter medicated anti-dandruff shampoo or with prescription drugs, such as a topical anti-fungal cream or a full-function anti-fungal shampoo. In more severe cases, topical corticosteroids can be used to relieve itching and inflammation.

A dermatologist may recommend using a special zinc cleanser (2% zinc pyrithione) every day, followed by a natural moisturizer.

Other causes of dry spots

Common causes of dry spots on the face include:

  • Age
  • Climate
  • Wednesday
  • Genetics
  • Class
  • Dehydration
  • Shower or bathe in hot water
  • Poor nutrition

Prevention of dry spots on the face.

Tips to prevent your skin from drying out include:

  • Cleanse your skin daily with a mild, fragrance-free cleanser.
  • Shower for no more than 10 minutes and use warm water instead of hot water.
  • Find ways to deal with stress (stress can increase the likelihood of eczema flare-ups).
  • Minimize sun exposure (the sun can dry out your skin's natural oil).
  • Apply a good moisturizer immediately after your bath or shower while your skin is still damp.
  • Pat your face dry without losing skin as you dry. Also, avoid scrubs when cleaning your face.
  • Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated (dehydration can affect your skin's natural ability to stay moist).
  • Eat healthy fats (such as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats found in foods like olive oil, avocados, and wild-caught cold-water fish).
  • Avoid smoking (nicotine is known to dry out the skin).
  • Use a humidifier to moisten the air.

Diagnostics

Dry skin patches on the face are usually diagnosed during a physical exam. But a diagnostician can use a variety of tests to help determine the root cause of dry skin, including:

  • Allergy tests to evaluate reactions to potential allergens (such as a skin prick)
  • A blood test to check for an underlying condition (such as kidney disease or diabetes) that may be causing dry skin.
  • Skin biopsy to detect eczema

When to call the doctor

If you have dry spots on your face, you should see your doctor if:

  • There are signs of infection (eg, red, hot, and swollen skin)
  • It hurts to touch
  • Itching severe enough to interfere with sleep or daily activities
  • They are accompanied by a rash.

Summary

Dry skin blemishes on the face can be uncomfortable, but the condition usually doesn't cause serious long-term complications. To properly treat dry spots on the skin, consult your doctor.

Get the word of drug information

You may feel embarrassed if you have patches of dry skin on your face. If they don't go away on their own, know that visiting your PCP will take you one step closer to finding the right treatment for you.

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