Conjunctivitis photos

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Pink eye is the pink or red color of the conjunctiva of the eye. The conjunctiva is the layer of tissue that covers the white part of the eyeball and the inner eyelid. Pink eye is also called pink eye, a term commonly associated with viral pink eye.

There are different types of pink eye, but many of them can look the same. It is often difficult to understand what causes pink eye without first consulting a doctor.

Some classic symptoms of conjunctivitis include:

  • Tearing
  • To shoot
  • Covering around the eyes
  • Blurry vision
  • Irritated eyes
  • Photosensitivity
  • Itchy eyes
  • Sore eyes

Conjunctivitis usually clears up in one to two weeks. If it lasts longer, it's time to see your doctor or ophthalmologist.

Pictures of different types of conjunctivitis

Bacterial conjunctivitis

Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by a bacterial infection.

Some of the symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis include:

  • Red eye
  • Inability to place a contact lens on the infected eye
  • Irritation
  • Tearing
  • Discharge from the eye
  • Covering around the eyes
  • Reduced or unstable vision

Daniil Dubov / iStock / Getty Images

Eyedrops or an antibiotic ointment are commonly used to treat bacterial conjunctivitis. Common antibiotics used to treat bacterial conjunctivitis include fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides, and macrolides.

Your ophthalmologist can also discuss ways to prevent the spread of bacterial conjunctivitis, as it can be contagious.

Viral conjunctivitis

Viruses cause viral conjunctivitis . These can be the same viruses that cause colds and COVID-19 .

Symptoms of viral conjunctivitis:

  • Blurry vision
  • Cold symptoms
  • Darker pink for eyes instead of red
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Watery discharge

Bukharova / Getty Images

Viral conjunctivitis is contagious. Most cases of viral conjunctivitis go away on their own in one to two weeks. Otherwise, and if the virus is the herpes simplex virus or the varicella-zoster virus, antiviral medications may be prescribed. These infections can also be more painful than other types of viral conjunctivitis, which may prompt you to see an ophthalmologist sooner.

Allergic conjunctivitis

Allergens like pollen and dust can cause allergic conjunctivitis, also known as an eye allergy or eye allergy.

Symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis include:

  • Itchy eyes
  • Nasal symptoms like runny nose or nasal congestion: However, allergic conjunctivitis can also occur on its own without nasal symptoms.
  • Swollen eyelids
  • Swollen eyes
  • Crying eyes

Sharon McCutcheon / EyeEm / Getty Images

Mast cell stabilizer eye drops can help treat conjunctivitis caused by allergies. Antihistamines come as eye drops or taken by mouth. Some eye drops contain both mast cell stabilizers and antihistamines. Some allergy eye drops are available without a prescription .

You can also reduce the incidence of allergic conjunctivitis by avoiding the allergens that are causing your symptoms.

Giant papillary conjunctivitis

The inside of the eyelid is usually smooth. With giant papillary conjunctivitis , the inside of the eyelid becomes red and irritated. This condition is often associated with contact lens wear (even if you've worn lenses for years) or chronic eye allergies.

Symptoms of giant papillary conjunctivitis include:

  • Red, itchy and painful eyes.
  • Swollen eyelids
  • Feeling that something is stuck in your eyes.
  • Sensation that the contact lens is sliding up the eyeball when you blink

Treatment for giant papillary conjunctivitis involves avoiding contact lenses for several weeks to give the eyes time to heal. You can also use eye drops or ointment to reduce redness or swelling.

Talk to your ophthalmologist about the type of contact lens solution to use, as these solutions can sometimes be irritating and lead to giant papillary conjunctivitis. Your ophthalmologist may recommend that you use a different contact lens material or a more frequent replacement schedule, such as wearing daily contact lenses.

Newborn ophthalmia

Also called neonatal conjunctivitis, neonatal ophthalmia is a type of conjunctivitis that occurs within 30 days after the birth of a baby. This can have different causes and the symptoms differ depending on the cause. For example, if it is caused by a bacterial infection of Neisseria gonorrhea , symptoms may include swelling and discharge from the eyelids.

Treatment of ophthalmia in newborns depends on the cause and may include ointments or drops with antibiotics or antiviral medications.

Blocked tear canal in newborns

Our tears moisturize the eyes and enter the eyes through the tear ducts along the eyelid. Tears then exit the eye through the tear ducts in the inner corner of the eyelids.

Sometimes a newborn baby is born with a blocked tear duct or the tear ducts are not yet fully formed. This can cause blockages.

Symptoms of a blocked tear duct include:

  • Redness of the skin around the baby's eyes.
  • Tears that accumulate in the corner of your eyes
  • Yellow or mucus-like discharge

The most common treatment is to massage the tear duct two or three times a day. Your healthcare professional will show you how to do it safely.

When to contact a healthcare provider

Some types of pink eye go away on their own. Other types of conjunctivitis should be evaluated by a doctor.

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have:

  • A lot of eye discharge
  • Blurred or impaired vision
  • Eye pain
  • Feeling that something has stuck to your eye.
  • Sensitivity to light

Many causes of pink eye are not serious. However, problems like a herpes infection or sores can endanger your vision. That is why it is important to see your doctor if you have signs of conjunctivitis.

Prophylaxis

It may not always be possible to prevent pink eye, but there are some things you can do to reduce the chance that it will develop or come back:

  • Try not to touch your eyes. Whenever necessary (for example, when putting on or taking off contact lenses), always wash your hands first with soap and warm water.
  • Wash your hands before putting on your contact lenses.
  • Do not touch contact lenses with wet hands, shower or swim with contact lenses.
  • Change disposable contact lenses according to the instructions of any ophthalmologist. Use only a sterile contact lens solution, not water.
  • Don't share sheets, towels, or other personal hygiene items around someone with viral or bacterial conjunctivitis. These types of pink eyes are contagious.
  • If you have had the contagious form of pink eye, wash your sheets, pillowcases, and all towels in hot water and detergent. Washing will help prevent reinfection. Change these items frequently.
  • Throw away all the eye makeup that you used before the infection started.
  • If you have an allergy that causes eye symptoms, use allergy medications as needed and try to avoid the allergens that cause the symptoms.
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