Diet for diarrhea: what to eat for the best treatment

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"Diarrhea" means you have loose stools at least three times a day. When you use the bathroom, your bowel movements become erratic and this can happen for a number of reasons.

Although uncomfortable and uncomfortable, diarrhea can usually be managed at home with rest, plenty of fluids, and easy-to-digest foods.

This article looks at the specific foods that make up diarrhea for diarrhea and how they can help you. Offers culinary and dietary tips and some side effects you may have.

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Advantage

If you have diarrhea and potentially associated symptoms, such as nausea, stomach cramps, and bloating, switching to a temporarily restricted diet can reduce stress on your digestive system. Diarrhea with diarrhea gives your gut a break and helps restore fluid and electrolyte balance in your body.

Electrolytes are minerals in body fluids like sodium and potassium. They are important chemical messengers necessary for heart contractions, nerve signals, and other functions. Loss of fluids from diarrhea can lead to electrolyte imbalances , which can lead to serious health problems.

Simple food choices reduce the amount of waste or undigested waste in the colon. The colon is the last part of your digestive tract before waste leaves your body, so less waste means less urgent bowel movements.

Foods that move slowly through your body give you more time to absorb the nutrients you need to stay healthy and help calm diarrhea.

The diarrhea diet has a lot in common with the well-known BRAT diet , which is used for a variety of digestive problems. BRAT stands for Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, and Toast, and you will find these and other foods on the list of Approved Diarrhea Diets.

How does it work

The foods in your diet for diarrhea are simple because the idea is to give your body the rest it needs. The diet may seem difficult to follow, but it helps to know that you only need to stick with it temporarily. On the other hand, adding food too quickly can make symptoms worse and prolong diarrhea.

You will most likely make changes to your fiber intake every day. It is important to remember that fiber is still an important part of your diet. The challenge is figuring out how much fiber you can eat without aggravating your symptoms.

There are two types of fiber: soluble and insoluble . Soluble fiber dissolves in water and helps lower cholesterol and raise blood sugar. It can help absorb water and reduce symptoms of diarrhea. Insoluble fiber does not dissolve in water.

Duration

You will probably have to stick with diarrhea for a few days with diarrhea. This is good because these foods don't offer enough variety to make this meal plan healthy in the long run.

When you feel better, you can return to a nutritious diet of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. It may take a week to 14 days for you to fully return to your normal diet.

What is it

Select these products
Avoid these foods

Fruit : Bananas are smooth and easy to digest, making them a good option for calming the digestive system . They are a good source of potassium , an important electrolyte that can be lost during diarrhea, and a rich source of pectin, a soluble fiber.

If you have diarrhea, consuming soluble fiber can help absorb fluids in your intestines and prevent constipation . Applesauce is a better option than apples, as the skin of the fruit contains insoluble fiber, which can put pressure on your digestive system.

Vegetables : Vegetables are a source of nutrition, but they are difficult to digest raw. Make them more suitable for diarrhea by peeling, removing all seeds, and cooking well.

Baked potato skins are nutritious, but may contain more fiber than your body can handle, so opt for peeled potatoes. Avoid broccoli, cauliflower, bell peppers, peas, green leafy vegetables, and corn, all of which cause gas .

Grains : Hot cereals like farina are easy to digest and often contain vitamins. Oatmeal can be added as it recovers. Oatmeal is a source of soluble fiber, which can thicken and thicken stool, reducing diarrhea. If you usually season oatmeal with sugar, honey, syrup, or butter, you should avoid them until the diarrhea clears.

Whole wheat toast is generally healthier, but white bread may be better as it is easier to digest. Salty salts and pretzels are often made with white flour instead of wheat. Plus, they also contain salt, which can help restore sodium balance in the body.

Plain white rice is easy to digest and clinging, which means it helps strengthen loose stools. Cook without additives or in chicken broth. Another option is white flour pasta without sauce or oil.

Dairy products : Avoid dairy products until diarrhea improves. Even if you are normally lactose tolerant (the sugar found in milk), it can be harder to digest if you have diarrhea.

The only exception is a small serving of low-fat yogurt with live or active bacterial cultures. Choose brands that are low in sugar and without artificial sweeteners, which can make gas and diarrhea worse.

People are lactose intolerant when they cannot digest the sugar found in milk and related dairy products well. These foods can be harder to digest for diarrhea, even if you don't have a lactose problem.

Proteins : Steamed chicken is one of the easiest sources of animal protein to digest. Lean, low-fat servings of turkey, beef, pork, and fish are fine too.

Drinks : It is important to replace fluids and electrolytes with plenty of water. Coconut water is another option. Electrolyte replacement sports drinks can also be used, although they can be high in added sugar.

Bone broth can help replace fluid and sodium loss from recurring bouts of diarrhea. While it can be used to make homemade soups, some people use it as a hot drink.

Very hot or very cold drinks can stimulate bowel movements. Drink beverages at room temperature until symptoms improve.

Avoid coffee and tea because they can stimulate intestinal contraction. You will also want to stop drinking alcoholic beverages , such as wine, beer, and cocktails, until the diarrhea improves. Carbonated drinks like seltzer and soda can cause gas and bloating, although some people find that drinking non-carbonated ginger ale can help calm the stomach.

Desserts : Ice is a great treat that can help prevent dehydration. Brands like Pedialyte make freezers that offer complementary foods, or you can buy them or make them regular.

Avoid sweets, gum, and drinks that contain sugar alcohols such as sorbitol, xylitol , or erythritol, as they can be mildly laxative. While ice cream and pudding are soft foods, they are generally high in sugar and made from milk, which should be avoided.

Summary

Foods used for diarrhea reduce visits to the bathroom. They contain key nutrients, add fiber to strengthen stools, and help maintain electrolyte balance.

Use the list of recommended foods as a starting point and let your body be your guide.

Recommended time

If you've been vomiting, wait until you can eat solid foods before moving on to diarrhea. Try a warm broth or sip of water first and see how you feel.

Depending on the cause of your diarrhea, you can drink clear liquids for hours or a whole day. Whenever you feel like eating, choose soft foods and start with small portions.

Rest your stomach between light meals and snacks. If you still feel nauseous or feel full quickly, try eating and drinking at different times. If you feel better after a few days, gradually try to return to your normal eating habits.

Cooking tips

Some foods tend to be difficult to digest, but heating them changes their chemistry and makes it easier for your body to break them down.

If you have diarrhea with diarrhea, one of the best ways to make fruits and vegetables easier on your body is to cook them. Carrots, green beans, beets, squash, and peeled zucchini are easy to steam even in the microwave. You can also boil your favorite foods.

You can add a little salt to cooked vegetables, but omit the butter, margarine, sour cream, or sauce. Fat and oil can upset the sensitive digestive system.

As for the meat, everything should be simpler. Avoid cooking with oils, oils, or any spices or seasonings (other than a little salt). Steaming, baking, and frying are good options. Pouring chicken broth over the meat can improve its flavor and prevent it from drying out and hardening.

Modifications

Recommendations for diarrhea for adults and children differ. Children generally have different nutritional needs, but with diarrhea-related illnesses, it is important to remember that children and babies can become dehydrated faster than adults.

Most healthcare providers agree that if a child is already eating foods included in diarrhea as part of their regular diet and is doing well, they can still eat them when they have diarrhea. When you are sick, it is better to choose from a limited selection of foods and drinks than to eat nothing at all. When it comes to preventing dehydration, drinking will be your top priority.

The American Academy of Pediatrics no longer recommends that parents restrict their children to the BRAT diet for diarrhea.

If you have another medical condition that is directly affected by your diet (such as diabetes), you need to pay special attention to what you eat. Your healthcare provider may ask you to add special dietary supplements, such as glucerin , to help keep your blood sugar levels stable.

There are some medications or supplements that you can combine with your diarrhea. People with lactose intolerance can take enzymes like Lactaid when they eat foods that contain dairy products. If you frequently experience diarrhea due to a condition such as irritable bowel syndrome ( IBS ), your healthcare provider may recommend probiotic supplements .

Considerations

Whenever you need to make changes to your diet, even temporarily, it is important to consider how it will affect your life. Diarrhea is not usually a long-term problem, but it can present some everyday problems as long as it is controlled.

General nutrition

A restricted diet, even for a short period of time, can lead to decreased levels of essential nutrients. A restricted diet also makes it difficult to consume enough calories each day and drink enough fluids to stay hydrated.

Diarrhea with diarrhea should only be observed for a few days while you recover. If you need to diet frequently for diarrhea due to illness, be sure to work closely with your doctor and / or dietitian.

Stability and practicality

Preparing food for diarrhea can take a long time. If you don't like peeling and cooking fruits and vegetables, you can usually find pre-cut, pre-cooked, or peeled varieties at the store. You can also find pre-mashed or frozen foods that can be quickly reheated in the microwave.

Security

It is generally safe to watch diarrhea for diarrhea for a short period of time, as long as you can stay hydrated. If you have another medical condition, it can be complicated by a sudden change in diet. While following the recommended diet does not pose any safety concerns, doing so without seeking medical attention when you need it.

If you don't feel better after a few days of diarrhea, call your doctor. If you can't drink enough fluids, have a high fever, see blood in your stools, or have severe pain, go to the emergency room.

If you have diabetes and frequent diarrhea , talk to your doctor or endocrinologist. Some people with diabetes develop neuropathy that affects the intestines . A condition called diabetic enteropathy can cause diarrhea. (Note that some of the more common medications used to treat diabetes, such as metformin , flag diarrhea as a side effect, although it usually goes away with time.)

Changes in your body and diet can cause occasional bouts of diarrhea during pregnancy. However, if this happens frequently and a bland diet doesn't help, talk to your doctor. Diarrhea is not a typical symptom of morning sickness and may indicate a more serious medical condition, such as a bacterial infection. Towards the end of pregnancy, diarrhea can even be an early sign of labor.

If you have diarrhea due to a bacterial infection or a condition such as small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), you may need antibiotics. (Unfortunately, diarrhea can also be a side effect of antibiotics.) Additional symptoms of SIBO include nausea, fatigue, abdominal pain, and gas.

Foodborne illness is a common cause of diarrhea. Whether you're shopping for food at the grocery store, local farmers market, or in your own backyard, be sure to follow food safety guidelines. You can reduce your risk by washing, storing, and preparing fresh food correctly.

Side effects

If you eat limited amounts of food in small amounts for a long time, you should be aware of symptoms that indicate that you are not getting enough nutrients.

For example, if you are anemic (low in red blood cells) due to a lack of iron, you may feel particularly tired and short of breath. Severe vitamin C deficiency can lead to scurvy , which can lead to bleeding gums and rashes.

Most foods approved for diarrhea are designed to slow digestion and reduce diarrhea, but this can also lead to constipation . The best thing to do is drink plenty of water. If your constipation persists, your healthcare provider may recommend that you try fiber supplements to get things off the ground again.

Energy and general health

Your body loses a lot of water due to diarrhea, and preventing dehydration is especially important to your well-being when you observe diarrhea. Babies, young children, and the elderly are at special risk.

While you may not like to drink glass after glass, remember to drink water or another approved beverage as often as possible. If the balance of fluids and salts (or electrolytes) in your body is out of balance, not only will you continue to feel exhausted and generally unwell, but this can lead to potentially serious complications.

Summary

The diarrhea diet should be applied for a short time until symptoms disappear. Staying hydrated is a priority, as is making sure you get enough nutrients to avoid other problems.

In some cases, you may have an underlying medical condition, such as diabetes or a digestive system disorder. Talk to your doctor if diarrhea occurs frequently and does not go away with diarrhea.

Diet restrictions

If you are on a special diet due to food allergies or prefer to avoid certain foods, you will need to consider this when looking for approved options for diarrhea. For example, if you normally buy gluten-free wheat bread, most brands also offer a soft white bread option.

If you are looking for a gluten-free pasta, pay special attention to the ingredients . Many alternatives to traditional noodles are made with beans and lentils.

Similarly, if you are on a vegan or vegetarian diet, you should avoid most plant-based protein sources, including nuts, legumes, and beans, which can make diarrhea worse.

Compared to other diets

The dietary recommendations for recovering from a short-term episode of diarrhea are the same as for other diarrhea that can be used to treat chronic bowel disease or help people before and after surgery.

Low fiber diet

For adults who consume 2,000 calories a day, the recommended daily fiber intake is at least 28 grams, or about 30 grams. With a low fiber diet, limit your intake to about 10-15 grams of fiber per day.

If you are limiting your fiber intake to cope with diarrhea, carefully consider which sources of fiber you will choose to include in your diet.

Low residue diet

A low-residue diet is similar to a diarrhea diet, but with additional restrictions. It is usually given temporarily when you are preparing for or recovering from a procedure such as a colonoscopy .

One of the main concerns of people who follow low-residue diets is the restriction of dairy products. You should limit your intake to 2 cups of dairy products a day. Dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt don't add fiber, but they leave undigested material in the colon.

You may find that dairy products make digestive symptoms worse, and if you notice diarrhea, avoid these foods as well.

Low FODMAP diet

FODMAP stands for fermentable oligosaccharides , disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols. These short chains of carbohydrates are found in many foods, but especially grains, beans, and legumes.

The small intestine does not metabolize short-chain carbohydrates. very well. If you are lactose intolerant, you are already familiar with the associated symptoms. Some people find that foods high in FODMAP cause or worsen digestive symptoms, such as stomach pain, gas, and bloating.

The low-FODMAP diet is similar to other low-fiber diets like the BRAT diet and the low-residue diet, but not as limited. High-fiber foods should be avoided on a low-FODMAP diet, but unless you're lactose intolerant, you won't have to limit dairy.

You may find low-FODMAP foods appealing as you transition from diarrhea-related diarrhea to your regular diet.

Summary

In most cases, you will be able to cope with a bout of diarrhea on your own, but it will take several days to change what you eat and drink. A diarrhea diet can help you recover by choosing foods that are gentle on your body while providing essential nutrients and fluids.

Get the word of drug information

At first, you may not mind a restricted diet because you don't feel well. If you are tired and nauseous, digestible foods will be your comfort. But as soon as you feel better, you may want to go back to your regular diet. Keep up with the rhythm so the diarrhea doesn't come back and you get back to life (and your delicious favorite foods) much faster.

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