Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. This painful condition causes indigestion, bloating, nausea, and burning in the abdomen. Symptoms are often worse after eating fatty or spicy foods.
A gastritis diet is recommended to relieve symptoms and prevent the condition from worsening. The key to a gastritis diet is to avoid acidic and spicy foods and instead eat foods low in acid and sugar.
This article explains about the gastritis diet, what to eat, and what foods to avoid. This article also looks at other ways to treat gastritis symptoms and prevent complications.
The gastritis diet is designed to relieve worsening symptoms and prevent worsening of the condition.
The main goal of a gastritis diet is to reduce stomach inflammation. Inflammation of the gastric mucosa causes a disruption in the production of protective mucus.
Gastric juice is an acidic liquid that breaks down food during digestion. The mucus covers the lining of the stomach to prevent damage to the gastric juice. If there is not enough mucus, ulcers and other complications can occur, including:
- Anemia , a lack of red blood cells that carry oxygen due to bleeding
- Pernicious anemia or B12 deficiency due to poor absorption of B12
- Peritonitis , a life-threatening condition in which ulcers puncture a hole in the stomach wall and cause stomach contents to leak into the abdominal cavity.
- Stomach cancer
Eliminating gastritis symptoms through diet can help prevent gastritis from progressing to more serious health problems.
The gastritis diet reduces inflammation of the stomach during gastritis. This helps relieve symptoms and prevent complications.
How does it work
A general recommendation for a gastric diet is to avoid eating foods and beverages that normally irritate the stomach. This includes spicy foods, coffee, alcohol, and acidic fruits.
The foods that you can eat on a gastric diet are quite flexible. People can react differently to certain foods. As long as the particular food doesn't cause you problems, you can enjoy it.
Some of the foods on the "Avoid" list may not cause symptoms in small portions or unexpected expenses. On the other hand, some people may have problems with foods that are on the "approved" list.
In short, if food aggravates symptoms, don't eat it.
Work with your doctor or dietitian to develop a gastritis diet plan that suits your needs.
Gastritis is usually temporary, but it can be prolonged. How long you should stick with your gastritis diet depends on several factors:
- The cause of your gastritis
- How long do your symptoms last?
- What symptoms do you have and how serious are they?
- Other treatments prescribed by your healthcare provider
- Your response to treatment
A person with acute (short-term) gastritis may not need to diet for more than a few weeks or months. In some cases, removing a specific trigger, such as alcohol or over-the -counter pain relievers (NSAIDs) , is enough to stop inflammation and unpleasant symptoms.
Gastritis caused by an underlying medical condition may require a prolonged gastritis diet. People prone to stomach irritation often find that simply cutting out caffeine and spicy foods is enough to prevent symptoms from reappearing.
With mild or occasional symptoms, you can cheat the gastritis diet every now and then without any symptoms.
The diet for gastritis excludes foods that cause irritation and inflammation of the stomach. This includes spicy foods, coffee, alcohol, acidic fruits and vegetables.
Depending on the cause, symptoms, and response to treatment, you may only need to diet for gastritis for a few weeks, or it may be a long-term eating plan.
What is it
Beans and legumes (for portability)
Eggs, egg whites, or egg substitutes (not fried)
Seafood, shellfish (not fried)
Slightly acidic vegetables (cucumber, white potatoes, carrots)
Fruits low in sugar and acid (pumpkin, blueberries, strawberries, apples)
Low-salt soft cheese
Mint, ginger, turmeric
Low-fat plain yogurt
Probiotic-rich foods (sauerkraut, kimchi, kombucha)
Lean skinless bird (chicken, turkey)
Whole wheat bread and pasta
Acidic fruits (citrus) and vegetables (onions)
Coffee and tea
Corn and maize products
Fatty / fatty foods, fast food, spicy foods
Garlic (possible in small amounts if tolerated)
Ice cream, cakes and pastries, pastries
Marinades, salsa, mayonnaise, cream sauces
Nuts and peanut butter (small amounts allowed)
French fries, packaged snacks
Processed meat (hot dogs, hot dogs), cold cuts
Red meat, duck, goose
Refined grains, fresh bread, refined pasta
Soft drinks, carbonated drinks
Spices including black pepper, chili powder, mustard seeds, nutmeg, and red bell pepper.
Tomatoes and tomato products (juice, pasta, sauce)
Fruits and vegetables
Avoid acidic foods like citrus fruits and tomatoes. Also, avoid seasoning vegetables and spices, such as onions and hot peppers.
Choose low-acid fruits and vegetables. Apples, berries, squash, and carrots are good choices that are also good sources of fiber.
Include whole grains like bread, brown rice, and pasta. These are ideal foods because they are tasteless and contain fiber, which is important for gastrointestinal health. Oats, barley, and quinoa are other nutritional options.
However, if you experience symptoms that make it difficult for you to eat, white rice or white potatoes may be easier to digest .
Avoid corn and anything made with it, like cornbread, some gluten-free pastas, and other foods.
Fat can irritate the stomach lining and cause symptoms. Avoid fatty dairy products. You can include low-fat dairy products. Low-sugar, low-fat yogurt is a good option. Look for a brand that contains gut-friendly probiotics. You may be able to tolerate hard cheeses in small portions.
Avoid sauces, fillings, and puddings made with heavy cream or soft cheeses. If you are indulging yourself on a special occasion, prepare small portions.
Eggs, whites, and egg substitutes are great sources of protein at any time of the day. Don't cook them with butter, milk, or seasonings (not even black pepper). And skip the processed and salty meats for breakfast, like bacon or hot dogs.
Avoid red meats, which are high in fat and can cause gastritis symptoms. Choose grilled or fried (not fried) poultry and lean seafood.
Nuts and nut butters are high in protein but also high in fat. This can be problematic for some people with gastritis. Legumes and beans are high in protein and fiber, which can sometimes make symptoms worse. Keep the portions small at first to see what you can handle.
Foods that are high in fat or sugar can cause symptoms and should be avoided when treating gastritis. This includes cakes, pies, ice cream, puddings, and chocolate.
Berries with low-fat non-dairy whipped topping or low-fat ricotta cheese are a sweet dessert that shouldn't irritate your stomach.
Desserts that can ease your stomach include a little honey, ginger, peppermint, and turmeric.
Avoid caffeine, sugary drinks, sodas, energy drinks, acidic juices (orange or tomato juice), and alcohol, including wine, beer, and cocktails.
Although you should avoid caffeine, some people with mild gastritis can tolerate tea or coffee diluted with a little low-fat milk or non-dairy creamer.
Water, herbal tea, non-dairy milk, and acidic / low-sugar juices are your best options.
When to eat
When your digestive system is under stress or not working at its best, the amount of food you eat and the length of breaks between meals can be irritating.
If you are prone to an upset stomach due to gastritis, it may help to change your meal and snack times. Try to eat smaller meals more often throughout the day, instead of sitting down to three larger meals.
If you're not satisfied with eating less at each meal, add a couple of healthy snacks throughout the day.
If you have other medical conditions with their own dietary restrictions, you may need to adjust your diet for gastritis. Gastritis is often caused by illness, certain medications, and lifestyle factors.
While there is a long list of foods to avoid when dieting for gastritis, there are many to choose from. The gastritis diet is easy to change according to personal eating habits and health conditions. This includes:
- Gluten and Gluten Sensitivity : Gluten-free pasta and other foods are often made from corn, which should be avoided if you have gastritis. Be sure to read the ingredient label on gluten-free foods.
- Diabetes : Talk to your doctor about how to treat low blood sugar ( hypoglycemia ). Although sugar is not recommended to treat gastritis, sometimes you may need glucose to raise low blood sugar levels. Avoid orange juice, soda, chocolate, or baked goods if possible. Glucose tablets, non-acidic fruits, apple juice, maple syrup, or honey are the best alternatives that should not cause gastritis symptoms.
- Food allergy : There is a wide variety of foods for gastritis. Just avoid the foods you are allergic to.
- Multiple Medical Conditions – If you are managing one or more medical conditions that are affected by what you eat, talk to your doctor about prioritizing your dietary needs.
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding : You have higher nutritional needs during this time, so check with your doctor or dietitian to make sure you are getting enough calories and nutrients in your diet.
- Vegetarian diets : most plant proteins are allowed for the gastritis diet. Check with your doctor or dietitian to make sure you are getting enough protein.
The gastritis diet restricts fat intake. For gastritis, fried foods, butter, and heavy cream should be avoided as they can aggravate the inflammation of the stomach lining.
Low-fat cooking methods are less prone to stomach irritation. This includes:
The gastric diet also restricts the use of aromatic foods and condiments commonly used in cooking. This includes:
- Black pepper
- Chilli Peppers
- Red pepper
Avoid using these ingredients, which can irritate gastritis. Be sure to also check the ingredient list for any packaged seasonings, dressings, glazes, or marinades you use.
Other herbs and spices, such as basil, oregano, sage, and tarragon, are less likely to irritate the stomach. Certain spices, like ginger and turmeric, can even ease an upset stomach.
Changing your diet can be challenging, but it shouldn't be stressful. Meal planning and pre-cooking your meals will help you stay on track. Keep a supply of safe food in the freezer so you can reheat it instead of taking it out.
If you find it difficult to stick to your diet or you feel deprived of not eating, talk to your doctor. They can recommend a therapist who works with people who have nutritional problems.
A gastritis diet can meet all of your nutritional needs. The key is to have as many approved foods as possible.
It will be helpful to speak with a dietitian who can help you create a comprehensive meal plan based on the dietary recommendations for gastritis and your personal dietary preferences.
Avoiding foods that irritate your stomach should improve your physical well-being. This should keep you motivated.
Also, many foods for gastritis are nutritious and good for the heart. Avoiding highly processed foods that are high in fat, sugar, and salt can also improve your overall health.
The gastritis diet is safe for most people and is not overly restrictive. You can also change your meal plan by following a specific diet.
If you have chronic gastritis or a chronic medical condition for which you are taking medication, talk to your doctor about your diet and any supplements you are taking.
Most of the medications used to treat gastritis are unlikely to interact with an approved list. However, it is always a good idea to discuss diet changes with your doctor. There is always the possibility that food and drink can affect certain medications.
Tums, Rolaids, Mylanta, and Alka-Seltzer can ease the symptoms of gastritis. However, consuming them with foods that contain calcium can make these antacids ineffective.
Drinking alcohol can interact with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) prescribed to treat gastritis. PPIs decrease the amount of acid in the stomach, while alcohol increases acid production. This can make gastritis symptoms worse or make the condition worse.
Common PPIs include:
Pepcid, another type of acid-reducing drug, is also less effective when combined with alcohol.
For gastritis caused by H. pylori infection , antibiotics may be needed. They can interact with food or drink. Certain classes of antibiotics also interact with medications used to treat gastritis.
It may be necessary to change the way food affects your social life, such as dining with friends or at the holidays.
The following tips can help you when dining out, attending parties, or gala dinners:
- Before going to a restaurant, check the menu online.
- Get in the habit of informing the server or host about your dietary restrictions.
- Fried, broiled, or boiled fish or poultry garnished with grains and vegetables are generally good options.
- Avoid foods labeled "blackened" – bell peppers and other spices can inflame the stomach.
- Garlic, onions, bell peppers, and tomatoes are common ingredients that can be problematic for people with gastritis. Ask if the food contains these ingredients or if they can be omitted.
- Ask for a dressing, sauce, or gravy.
- If you decide to eat something that can aggravate gastritis, don't overdo it and do just one thing. For example, if you want to eat cake for your birthday, make your main meal lean and bland.
- Take antacids or other medications to relieve symptoms. Even if you ask for safe foods, they may contain ingredients (like black pepper) that can cause symptoms.
Gastritis, an inflammation of the stomach lining, is a painful condition that can be treated with diet and medication.
A gastritis diet excludes fat, sugar, certain spices (such as garlic and peppers), and acidic fruits and vegetables (such as oranges and tomatoes). These foods often irritate the lining of the stomach.
Following a gastritis diet relieves symptoms such as heartburn, indigestion, and nausea. Diet can also prevent further complications, such as anemia, peritonitis, and stomach cancer.
Get the word of drug information
When you have gastritis, you become painfully aware of what, when, and how much you are eating. Dieting for gastritis can significantly reduce symptoms and prevent the condition from worsening.
Although the diet restricts many foods, there are still a wide variety of options for each food group. The diet may require training at first, but many people find it worthwhile to alleviate symptoms.
Frequently asked questions
Yes, plain eggs are a good source of protein for gastritis. Some caveats: Avoid fried eggs cooked in butter or mixed with cheese. Peppers and other spices can irritate the stomach lining. If you go out to dinner, do not include pepper.
Yes, potatoes are a tasteless food and are unlikely to make gastritis worse. However, people with gastritis should avoid excess fat, so skip the french fries and instead opt for baked, fried or boiled potatoes, served with little or no oil.
Spices to avoid for gastritis include all types of bell peppers (black, red, cayenne, or chili), garlic, mustard, and nutmeg. People with gastritis should also avoid tomatoes, onions, and sugary foods.