Many patients with musculoskeletal injuries do not understand the difference between stretching and stretching. Your physical therapist can show you the difference between stretching and stretching and how to properly treat each of these injuries.
Sprains are injuries that involve muscles or tendons, thick bands that attach muscles to bones. They occur in response to a rapid tearing, twisting, or stretching of a muscle. Sprains are a type of acute injury that results from overexertion or excessive compression. Muscle pain, weakness, and cramps are common symptoms that occur after overexertion.
Sprains are injuries that involve ligaments, thick bands of cartilage that join bone to bone. They arise in response to a sprain or tear of a ligament. Sprains are a type of acute injury that occurs as a result of an injury such as a fall or an external force that displaces the surrounding joint from its normal position. Sprains can range from minor sprains to complete tears. Bruising, swelling, instability, and painful movement are common symptoms of a sprain.
Muscle sprains are caused by high-speed forces acting on the muscle. The sudden movement can quickly overload the muscles and then contract abruptly, leading to a mild or severe breakdown of muscle tissue. Sometimes, but not always, bruising can occur when a muscle is stretched.
How do you know if you have stretched a muscle? Usually the muscle you are tense on hurts when you try to contract it. For example, if you strain your hamstring , you may feel pain when you try to use it to bend your knee.
Overstretching a muscle under acute tension can also cause pain. Stretching your hamstrings in the first few days after stretching your hamstrings is likely to be painful, indicating that the muscles are tight.
Sprains are caused by a strong movement of your body that puts pressure on your ligaments. If, for example, you twist your ankle, the ligaments on the outside of your ankle may be overstretched. They can even break. This overstretching or tearing is a sprained ligament.
Strain and stretch severity.
There are different degrees of muscle stretching, from I to III.
- A grade I muscle strain indicates that the muscle tissue is simply overloaded.
- Grade II muscle sprains occur when muscle tissue is partially torn.
- Grade III deformities are tears throughout the thickness of the muscle tissue. They are generally considered serious and are accompanied by significant pain, swelling, bruising, and loss of functional mobility.
If your healthcare provider or physician determines that you have a muscle strain, he or she may consider obtaining diagnostic images, such as an MRI, to determine the full nature of the injury.
Ligament sprain is classified in the same way as muscle sprain.
- Degree: the ligament is simply overloaded.
- Grade II: the ligament is partially torn
- Grade III: the ligament is completely torn.
Ligament sprains are often accompanied by excessive movement around the joint, which is supported by the ligament. There may also be significant swelling and bruising.
When to contact a healthcare provider
If you've suffered an injury, such as a sprain or strain, how do you know when to see a doctor? Generally speaking, visiting a doctor after trauma is a good idea; There may be hidden problems that you simply cannot diagnose without the help of a healthcare professional.
You should definitely see your doctor if:
- Your injury is accompanied by significant swelling.
- Major bruise
- Your pain is very strong
- Your ability to move the affected joint is severely limited.
- Your symptoms do not improve after resting for a few days.
Bottom line: If your pain and symptoms limit your ability to move comfortably after an injury, see your doctor.
Diagnosis of sprains and strains
Muscle sprains are usually diagnosed by your doctor or physical therapist. Two characteristics of muscle spots found during the exam include:
- The muscle hurts when contracting
- Muscle hurts when you stretch
Examination of the injury may also reveal tenderness, bruising, and swelling. Your healthcare provider may also perform imaging tests, including an X-ray to show the bones next to the injury, or an MRI to look at the soft tissue next to the injury. An MRI is likely to show muscle tension and help determine the severity of the injury.
Sprain diagnoses include various clinical tests performed by your healthcare provider. You will most likely feel the joint and ligament for warmth and swelling, which are signs of inflammation. Range of motion and strength tests will be done around the injured joint.
Many special tests , such as the knee ACL front drawer test or the ankle drawer test, rely on joint stress to check for excessive mobility. This will give your doctor a clue to a possible sprain. An MRI is usually needed to determine the degree of a Grade I, II, or III sprain.
Stretch muscle treatment
The initial treatment for muscle tension is rest. You have to allow the tissues to heal, and it will take time to build bridges of collagen and scar tissue that will one day become healthy muscle tissue. Depending on the severity of the stress, your rest period can range from one week to four to six weeks. Ice can be applied during this time to relieve pain and reduce swelling.
After a little healing, you can benefit from physical education exercises to begin gently stretching injured muscle tissue. This helps it revert to healthy, flexible tissue. Your athlete can show you the best stretches for your specific condition.
You can also perform strengthening exercises to begin repairing muscle tissue near the area of tension. The exercises should start smoothly and gradually. Its goal is to improve the ability of the damaged muscle to generate force so that it can return to its previous level of functionality.
Muscle sprains generally heal completely in about six to eight weeks. Severe deformities may take longer, while minor deformities heal in a few weeks. Again, follow the advice of your healthcare professional or physical therapist to ensure that you are treating your muscle tension properly.
Ligament Sprain Treatment
If you have a sprain, physical therapy can help you make a full recovery. Your physical therapist will use a variety of techniques to reduce pain, swelling, and the overall range of motion and strength in the area of the sprain.
The initial treatment for a sprain consists of following the RICE principle: lower the affected joint and ice it with compression and elevation. (Some experts recommend following the POLICE principle of protection, optimal loading, icing, compression, and elevation.)
Light range of motion exercises usually begin a few days after a sprain injury. Slow, passive, and active movement of the affected joint can help maintain movement during the healing process. You may need to wear a bandage during the initial stages of healing a sprain.
Strengthening exercises may be required to support the joint at the site of the ligament injury. For severe grade III sprains, surgery may be required to stabilize the injury and allow you to return to your normal activities.
It usually takes four to eight weeks to recover from a muscle strain and sprain. The exact healing time may vary depending on the severity of the injury.
Prevention of sprains and deformations.
Many patients believe that there is a way to prevent muscle strains and sprains. Maybe. Research shows that doing eccentric exercises like the Nordic hamstring flexion or the Alfredson protocol on the Achilles tendon can have a protective effect on muscles and tendons. Eccentric exercise occurs when your muscle contracts during lengthening. The mechanism of action of this protective effect has not yet been fully understood.
You can prevent sprains with neuromuscular training with your physical therapist. Your PT can teach you how to jump and land correctly, helping you keep your body in an optimal position and avoiding stretching. Improving proprioception of the lower extremities has also been shown to prevent ankle sprain.
Get the word of drug information
If you experience pain or limited mobility after an injury, you should see your doctor and physical therapist to determine if a sprain or strain may be causing your condition. Understanding the difference between stretching and stretching can ensure that you have the correct diagnosis for your condition. This can help you choose the right treatment. Working closely with your PT can help you return to your previous level of activity.