Early stage melanoma treatment options


If your skin biopsy returned positive for melanoma , the most aggressive form skin cancer can Listen to your melanoma, described in the stages of .The melanoma of the early scene (0, I or II) generally means that its prognosis is good. There are several possible treatment options for operation to the operation, depending on the scene.

Stage 0 (in situ) melanoma

Step 0 (‘In situ’) Melanoma did not extend beyond the epidermis (top layer of the skin).In general, they are treated with surgical removal (‘elimination’), melanoma and minimum amount (approximately 0.5 cm) of normal skin (called ‘margin’). Surgery at this stage generally treats the disease.For melanomaz on the face, some health providers can, on the other hand, to prescribe a cream that contains Aldara (Imiquimod) . This is mainly used when the operation creates a cosmetic problem.The cream is applied somewhere once a day at twice a week for three months.

Melanoma in situ. Dermnet / CC BY-NC-ND

Stage I Melanoma

The melanoma treatment of stage I (ie,The lesions 1 mm thick or less) consists of the surgical removal of melanoma and the removal of 1 cm to 2 cm of the skin normal environment is, depending on the thickness of melanoma (called the thickness’ Breslow ) . Depending on the location of melanoma, most people can now have this procedure performed in a passive ambulatory clinic or medical.

routine Lymphatic node cut (eliminate lymph nodes near cancer) is an important tool for making Melanomes of more than 1 mm, even if it has not been proven to improve survival In patients with the scene I melanoma.

Some health care providers can recommend the comparison and lymphatic node of the biopsy for thinner melanomas, especially if there are other factors of risk.

Stage melanoma

Wide elimination is the standard treatment for Melanoma II Stage II. If the melanoma thickness from 1 to 2 mm, and will also be removed at 1 cm to 2 cm.If a tumor is a thickness of 2 mm to more than 4 mm thick, 2 cm of normal skin will be removed from all the tumor.

A Sentinel lymphatic biopsy node is recommended for the Melanoma II stage. In this procedure, the dye and the radioactive plotter are injected into melanoma until the operation is carried out. Melanomas are distributed as a lymphatic system or blood.When applied through the lymphatic system, they generally apply to the lymphatic nodes that are closer to cancer, and as soon as they apply to the first lymphatic node, distribute the line to others.Making the Biopsy of the Sentinel node allows the surgeon to determine if melanoma began distributing.

If the Sentinel node is located, biopsy will be found together with the elimination of melanoma.If the Sentinel node contains cancer, then its health care provider will practice observation, closely observing spaces for change, and, without haste, eliminating all lymph nodes at this time.

It is important to bear in mind that if there is evidence that cancer has been extended to the Sentinel node or other lymph nodes, this does not mean that it is metastatic (cancer has spread to distant organs or other parts of the body ).In its biopsy, it is reported that it will probably say ‘metastatic lymph nodes’, but again, this does not mean that your cancer is metastatic, but only the fact that you have the potential to be metastatic.

to try to reduce the probability melanoma will return to the evidence of rejection of the effectiveness of the adjuvant medicine orThe radiation treatment of patients with stage II, however, are limited.

The new procedures are available for melanoma all the time And they are even more studied in clinical trials.Consult your health care provider about whether you can be a candidate in any of these studies.

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