Epilepsy is a neurological disease caused by electrical disturbances in the brain. The condition leads to seizures , which can cause unusual behaviors, movements, or experiences, and sometimes unconsciousness or loss of consciousness.
Epilepsy is diagnosed when you have had two or more seizures and there is no underlying medical condition, such as withdrawal symptoms or low blood sugar .
Although the exact cause of epilepsy is unknown in about half of the cases, it is sometimes inherited or can be the result of various conditions, such as strokes, infections, and traumatic brain injuries. Treatment options include taking anticonvulsants and, in some cases, surgery.