Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by difficulty regulating emotions. People with BPD experience emotions intensely and for a long time. They find it difficult to return to a stable baseline after an emotionally challenging event.
Like other mental disorders, the exact cause of BPD is unclear. However, experts say that several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing BPD.
One of them has a parent with a disorder or some type of mental disorder. BPD is believed to be the result of a combination of genetic, environmental, and brain function factors.
Symptoms of BPD
People with BPD experience mood swings and may experience intense feelings of instability and insecurity. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, which mental health professionals use to diagnose mental disorders, symptoms of BPD can include:
- Angry attempts to avoid real or perceived rejection by friends and family
- Unstable personal relationships that alternate idealization and devaluation.
- Distorted and unstable self-image
- Impulsive behavior that can have dangerous consequences, such as overspending, unsafe sex, reckless driving, or substance abuse or excessive use
- Self-injurious behavior, including suicide threats or attempts
- Periods of intense depression, irritability, or anxiety last from hours to days.
- Chronic feeling of boredom or emptiness.
- Inappropriate, intense, or uncontrollable anger, often accompanied by shame and guilt
- Dissociative feelings, disconnection from one's own thoughts or feelings of identity, and paranoid thoughts associated with stress.
People with BPD tend to view things harshly, as good or bad. Because their views of others can change quickly, people with BPD tend to have unstable relationships with others.
Types of PRL
There are four types of BPD. You may be diagnosed with more than one type at the same time or at different times.
Impulsive borderline personality disorder
Impulsivity is a characteristic symptom of borderline personality disorder. A person with BPD can act impulsively and is often dangerous. Impulsive actions occur without considering other or possible consequences.
People with this type of BPD can develop:
- Elusive or distant
- Attraction or motivation
Potentially impulsive behaviors and actions include:
- Excessive alcohol use : overeating, spending money, or having sex.
- Risky and self-destructive behavior : unprotected sex (including unprotected oral sex), sex with multiple partners, driving while intoxicated, excessive alcohol use, illegal drug use, gambling.
- Aggressive behavior : outbursts, physical fights, breaking things, hitting objects, screaming attacks.
Discouraged Borderline Personality Disorder
It is also known as silent borderline personality disorder. Fear of abandonment and taking emergency measures to prevent actual or perceived rejection are the defining symptoms of someone with discouraging BPD.
People with this type of BPD tend to channel their emotions inward more than people with other types of BPD. They also blame themselves instead of pointing fingers at others.
Discouraged types can:
- Be a perfectionist
- Be extremely successful
- Be very functional
- Feeling depressed, alienated, and detached in groups.
- They feel like they don't have real, solid, or trustworthy connections with others.
- Seek approval, but also isolate yourself
- Self-harm or suicidal behavior
- I feel lonely and empty for a long time
Signs of discouraged BPD include:
- Anger and mood swings when having rejection problems.
Self-destructive borderline personality disorder
This type of BPD is characteristic of a person who desperately struggles with self-hatred and bitterness. They may or may not know what is happening.
If the person behaves in this way, and this is accompanied by a marked increase in energy, a decrease in the feeling of needing to sleep, and a feeling of euphoria, this may be a symptom of a manic episode or bipolar disorder rather than of oneself. -Destructive TBP. Talk to your doctor to make sure you can receive the proper treatment.
Examples of the behavior of people with this type of BPD include:
- Substance abuse including recreational substance abuse and prescription drugs
- Risky activities to find adrenaline especially if you are not ready
- Self-harm , including cuts, burns, scrapes or bumps
- Suicide threats
Don't dismiss suicide threats from people with BPD as another symptom. You may need to step in and help your loved one access emergency services.
Borderline defiant personality disorder
People with this type of BPD go somewhat unpredictably from anger or rage to sadness or sadness. Feelings of worthlessness and lack of love create relationship problems and an unhealthy desire for control.
This type of BPD is associated with manipulation and extreme dissatisfaction with the relationship. Substance abuse and other harmful behaviors often follow.
There are inconsistencies in the research literature regarding borderline personality disorder and these subtypes. Some literature presents different subtypes and more than four, including one study that found reliable subtypes in girls but not in boys. The subtypes of BPD in girls have been grouped into highly functional internalization, depressive internalization, theatrical externalization, and angry.
Examples of the behavior of people with this type of BPD include:
- Irritability and impatience.
- Stubbornness and disobedience
- Passive aggressiveness
- Sudden mood swings
If you or someone you know is in crisis and threatens to harm or kill themselves, call the National Suicide Prevention Line at 1-800-273-TALK (8255). This is a national toll-free number available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. He will provide confidential support and connect you with local crisis centers.
All four types of BPD are impulsive, bored, self-destructive, and irritable. Each of them emphasizes a different aspect of the TLP. For example, people with impulsive BPD tend to take action without thinking about the consequences, while people with self-destructive BPD struggle with self-loathing and suicidal thoughts.
Get the word of drug information
If someone you know has borderline personality disorder or has been diagnosed with BPD, it may help to learn more about the subtypes to better understand the mental disorder.
The controversy surrounding personality disorders does not negate the fact that a person with symptoms is experiencing tremendous and painful emotional pain. Remember that no two people experience BPD in the same way, and the same person may not always experience BPD in the same way.
Frequently asked questions
What Causes Borderline Personality Disorder?
It is not clear what causes borderline personality disorder. Research shows that genetics, environmental factors, and differences in brain structure are risk factors for BPD.
How is borderline personality disorder treated?
Borderline personality disorder is treated by a mental health professional. They can help you find the best psychotherapy and medication for you. While it can be difficult to diagnose and treat, the help of a doctor or a team of healthcare professionals can be helpful so that someone can track symptoms over time (rather than relying solely on you to list symptoms ).
How can I help someone with BPD?
You can help someone with BPD by reading their condition to better understand what they are going through, be patient and empathetic, and do whatever you can to help them through difficult times. If any of you need additional support, feel free to speak up and contact your support system.