Hemorrhoids are common but aggravating conditions with swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum or anus. Depending on the location, they often cause constant discomfort, pain, itching, and bleeding. Although hemorrhoids are sometimes caused by straining during a bowel movement, they are also associated with obesity, pregnancy, and other conditions .
A high-fiber diet and over-the-counter stool softeners can help relieve associated constipation. Your doctor may also recommend topical creams. However, in some cases, a procedure such as sclerotherapy or hemorrhoidectomy may be recommended, although the latter is rare these days .