Doxycycline is the most commonly prescribed antibiotic in tablet or capsule form and is sold under brand names that include Doryx, Vibramycin, Oracea, and Adoxa. It is also marketed as generic doxycycline.
This article looks at what doxycycline can (and cannot) do, how it should be used, and what side effects you can expect from taking it.
Uses of doxycycline
Doxycycline is used to treat moderate to severe inflammatory acne or mild inflammatory acne that does not get better with other treatments. This type of acne occurs when bacteria grow in clogged pores in the skin, causing a red, inflamed bump.
As an oral medication, doxycycline is a good option if you have a rash on your back or body. Some hard-to-reach stains for topical products that are applied directly to the skin.
Acne is not an infection and it is not contagious. Doxycycline reduces the number of acne-causing bacteria on the skin. In this case, the bacteria is called Cutibacterium acnes .
Doxycycline also relieves inflammation, thereby helping to shrink the red or pus-filled bumps known as pustules and cysts. However, it is less effective in treating non-inflamed acne sores, such as blackheads or milia . To get rid of acne, you will need another acne remedy.
Acne is not an infection and it cannot be spread or spread. Doxycycline is designed to reduce acne-causing bacteria and treat the inflammation you see on your face or other parts of your body.
How to use it
You will need a prescription to take doxycycline. Doses range from 40 milligrams (mg) once a day (rarely) to 100 mg twice a day. You will most likely use doxycycline along with one or two topical acne medications, such as benzoyl peroxide or topical retinoids . This way you will see better and faster results.
This is because doxycycline works well to fight inflammation and bacteria, but these are not the only causes of acne. Acne also occurs when excess oil forms a plug, called a comedo , in the pore of the skin. This plug is the beginning of all acne.
Doxycycline does not interfere with the formation of these plugs, unlike other drugs. Additionally, using doxycycline with non-antibiotic topical medications can help reduce the chances of developing antibiotic resistance.
The goal is short-term use of doxycycline. Your healthcare provider will stop taking doxycycline as soon as your skin improves. Then you will continue with the topical treatments for a long time to prevent breakouts.
However, some people may need to use doxycycline for longer periods of time to keep acne under control. It all depends on your situation.
Doxycycline is an antibiotic that treats the bacterial cause of acne and some other skin infections. Most people take it at the same time as topical medications are applied to the skin that clear the skin pores of oils and plugs. It is for short-term use, but some people stay on doxycycline longer.
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Who should not take doxycycline?
Doxycycline is only prescribed for some people. In these cases, this is not the answer:
- Pregnancy : Doxycycline can harm a developing fetus. There are more effective acne treatments for pregnant moms , so be sure to let your doctor know if you are expecting this.
- Age : Doxycycline should not be used in children younger than 8 years old. This is because it can interfere with growth and cause permanent teeth to become discolored.
- Allergy : Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic, so it cannot be used safely if you are allergic to tetracyclines.
Don't worry if doxycycline isn't right for you. There are other antibiotics for acne that your healthcare provider can prescribe for you.
Your doctor or dermatologist will inform you of all the possible side effects when prescribing the drug, but these are some of the most common.
Upset stomach and diarrhea
Doxycycline can cause nausea and an upset stomach. Taking pills with meals can help, but avoid dairy products. It reduces the effectiveness of doxycycline, so you should wait at least an hour before consuming dairy products.
Dairy products can also help trigger acne due to the hormones in dairy products. One theory is that dairy products increase inflammation in the body, leading to increased breakouts.
Indigestion and pain in the esophagus.
Doxycycline can irritate the esophagus , the tube that connects the throat to the stomach. Swallowing may be painful or you may experience a pain similar to heartburn. It is better to take the tablet with a glass of water.
Also, do not lie down for about an hour after ingestion. Schedule your medication before bed.
Sensitivity to sunlight
Doxycycline can make the skin all over the body more sensitive to the sun. When you are taking doxycycline, this photosensitivity means that you are more prone to sunburn.
Always use sunscreen and reapply it frequently when outdoors. In any case, it is recommended that you use sunscreen on a daily basis to keep your skin healthy and protect yourself from skin cancer.
Doxycycline is a good antibiotic choice for acne and other skin infections, but you will most likely use it in combination with other medications. However, it is not for everyone and can cause side effects even in people who take it.
If you have any questions about acne treatment with doxycycline, speak with your doctor or dermatologist.
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You can use doxycycline for a while before you start to see results. During this time, it is normal for new shoots to appear. Don't let this disappoint you. Be patient and keep taking your medication.