How is anemia diagnosed

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Anemia is characterized by a low erythrocyte (RBC) and / or defective RBC number that do not work as they should. Some pale leather physical signs provide tips that has anemia.

If you have signs of anemia anemia , the blood test can confirm the low concentration of RBC and can detect atypical RBC. Sometimes, the appearance of your RBC under the microscope can help indicate the reasons for your anemia.

After anemia is diagnosed, you may need additional tests to determine the cause of your anemia.Specialized diagnostic studies can distinguish medical problems, such as the low production of RBC in its bone marrow or intestinal bleeding.

Blood analyzes are the vital part of the diagnosis of anemia.

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Autolimpiece / Test at home

You can notice signs of anemia through Some checks that you can do yourself.

The common symptoms and signs of anemia include: / P>

  • Fatigue (feeling fatigue or as if you were not enough energy,To do casual things)
  • concentration complexity
  • hands and / or cold
  • titling in the effort
  • heart heartbeat
  • Headache
  • pica (traction for non-food items, like grass, ice,dirt, etc.)
  • Resting Leg Syndrome
  • Pale or yellowish leather membrane
  • Fragile or nail spoons
  • Frying to the turns of the mouth
  • swollen or sore language
  • weak pulse
  • tachycardia (impulseFast) (heart rate above 100 beats per minute)

You can also see the blood in your urine or chairs. Blood in the urine can appear red or pale pink, and the bloody chair can be bright red or black and on the route.If you have a recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding (GI), your health care provider may recommend a set of test at home to use to identify blood in a chair.

Anemia can be Dangerous for your health.Anemias can also be aware of other serious health problems. If you find a sign of anemia, be sure to see your health care provider for a full evaluation.

Physical Exam

Do you have symptoms or not,Your healthcare provider will verify anemia to your usual physical examination? Common physical anomalies Exams that may indicate Possible Anemia include:

  • weak or strong pulse
  • mucous membranes pale
  • standing pale
  • Apartment, departures and frágile nails (pillows)
  • Heart boards

The physical signs of the exam can Be consistent with the point of the self-test noticed at home on your own.Be sure to allow your doctor at the health care provider to know when these changes began, and if they deteriorate or come from time to time.

Laboratories and tests

For anemia, your health care provider can control one or more tests.Most tests for anemia diagnosis include the preparation of a blood sample.

Blood tests can also help reduce the type of anemia it may have.Other laboratory tests can be used to determine the cause of your anemia.

Anemia diagnostic tests

Common laboratory tests for anemia diagnosis include:

complete blood value (CBC) : This is the most important test that is used to detect theAnemia.This is a standard blood test, and you do not need any special preparation in advance. Blood extracted from the veins for the test.

Your report will include an RBC account, as well as a description of its RBC size.The low amount of RBC means that it has anemia. Big RBC (macrocytic anemia) can indicate a deficiency of vitamin B12 or folic acid deficiency or anemia of Man .Small RBC (microcolitan anemia) can indicate an iron deficiency or bleeding.

SMOUTG SMEAR : Blood smear is a blood sample that is studied carefully microscope.This evaluation can provide a description of your RBC and can identify such diseases as a sickle cell anemia .Sometimes, blood smear can identify such problems as a hemolytic anemia due to malaria infection or toxins.

Blood smear can also recognize some types of blood cancer, such as leukemia and lymphoma, which They cause anemia.

Iron tests : Your health care provider can also order tests to evaluate the iron level in her body.Iron is an important mineral for the manufacture of erythrocytes and is also important for healthy muscles, bone marrow and organ function.A small iron on the body can cause anemia with an iron deficiency and other main health states. .

Iron tests include:

  • Iron test: iron measures in the blood
  • Transherrin test: transfer measures,protein moving iron around the body
  • Total article of intrusion capacity (TIBC): Measures,How well they join the irons to the transfer or other proteins
  • blood in the blood in the blood: the iron measurements stored in the body

the tests Iron requires a blood sample.Your health care provider may not ask or drink anything more than water in 12 hours in advance. (The testing that requires publication, usually occur in the morning.)

The results of the test will indicate if you have too small iron or too small on your body. If the results of your tests are not normal, it may not mean that you have a medical condition that requires treatment.Women who menstrual often have low levels of iron, and some drugs, such as fertility and estrogen control tablets, can affect iron levels.

Most conditions that cause unusual levels of iron. / P>

Tests to determine the cause of anemia

Other tests can help determine the cause of your anemia.For example, your health care provider may order colonoscopy to assess whether colon cancer is responsible for your anemia.The tests that help with the detection of the cause of anemia include:

Urine (U / A) : The urine sample can detect blood in the urine, as well as other problems ,As the infection of the urinary tract or the disease of the urinary bubble, which can lead to anemia.

Ockull blood chair : Blood loss in a chair due to GI hemorrhage is a common cause of iron deficiency anemia. Sample chair can be checked by blood.

vitamin B12, folate or iron level : If your RBC appeared, which opens a cause of anemia nutrients, can be verified to verify these deficiencies.

Functions of liver Test (LFTS) : Hepatic insufficiency or the use of heavy alcohol can lead to anemia, and LFT can be used for Determine what you are a liver disease.

test test test: Bilirubin level test, which can indicate hemolysis (or The RBC gap), which can cause anemia.

Electrolyte levels : Serious diseases of kidneys and systemic diseases can lead to anemia. The level of electrolyte can indicate many medical diseases associated with anemia.

Erythropoietin (EPO) : A specialized laboratory test can measure the amount of EPO, hormones, which stimulates brain bone for RBC production.

Bone marrow biopsy : if there is a decisive concern that you can have You can get the bone marrow of cancer, the bone marrow biopsy to verify if it has this cause anemia.

Genetic tests : Some hereditary conditions, such as cellular anemia cells, can cause anemia. This test is a standard part of the selection of newborns in the United States.Other specialized genetic tests that may be necessary in their anemia assessment include a test for thalassemia , hereditary sphere or a glucose deficiency of dehydrogenase glucose (G6PD) (G6PD) .

colonoscopy or endoscopy : You may need a procedure to ensure that your health care provider can see the interior of your GI system to look for areas that can be actively bleeding.Sometimes, these tests define slow bleeding, which are not detected in the tests of the images.

Imaging

In general, when you have a medical evaluation to determine the cause of anemia, the visualization is used to search for growth, which could be bleeding or cancer,What can cause anemia.

Your visualization tests will be adapted according to other indications on your physical examination and laboratory evaluation.For example, if you have iron deficiency anemia with normal iron levels, your visualization tests will be carried out to search for possible bleeding sources.

Visualization tests used in the anemia assessment,It may include:

  • abdominal vertex Computed tomography (ct) or magnetic display (MRI) : These exams provide images of Belly and can identify growth or regions.
  • Pelvic ultrasound or ct : This test is used to find the problems of the uterus or bladder that can contribute to anemia.

Differential diagnosis

Anemia is often a sign of the underlying disease.And since the number of RBC low or modified RBC can be detected quite quickly using routine blood tests (often even before developing signs and symptoms of anemia),The differential diagnosis focuses on the search for causes or risk factors, taken to anemia.

General considerations in the differential diagnosis of anemia include:

Other Consideration in the diagnosis of anemia is the cure for the side effect. Many medications can cause anemia as a side effect. Avenue can start even after taking medications for many years.

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The diagnosis of anemia is a process that includes the definition of its type of anemia, as well as the main reason.Sometimes, reason is not easy to determine, and the diagnostic process can take some time. Once your anemia is diagnosed, you can start in the steps for treatment.

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