How Kinesiology tape is Used in physiotherapy

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If you have suffered an injury or illness that is causing problems with your functional mobility or normal activity, you can benefit from the qualified services of a physical therapist who will help you return to your previous level of mobility. Your physical therapist may use a variety of exercises and techniques to help in the treatment of your specific problem.

Kinesiology recording is one of the specific treatments that your physical therapist can use. This involves applying special tape strips to your body in specific directions to help improve your mobility and support your joints, muscles and tendons.

The kinesiology tape was developed in the 1970s by chiropractor Dr. Kenso Case, DC. He found that using a flexible tape that uses an interface between the skin and muscles can provide a lasting effect for his patients. He developed many of the techniques used today in kinesiology, and also has his own brand of tape called Kinesiotape.

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Is Kinesiology Tape Just A Fashionable Sports Tape?

Although kinesiology tape is very similar to the whimsical shape of sports tape, there are many differences between the two. Sports tape is used to support and restrict movements, while kinesiology tape is used to relieve movements and suppress pain and spasms. Kinesiology tape is a flexible material that moves as you move; sports tape is relatively inflexible. Kinesiology tape helps improve lymphatic transport and increase blood circulation. The dense binding nature of the sports tape helps to reduce blood circulation.

Kinesiological tape
Sports tape

What It Does

Kinesiology tape performs several functions in the application. Your physical therapist will perform an examination and evaluation to determine the best use of kinesiology tape for your condition. He or she will evaluate if you need any tape or if there is any contraindications to the use of tape.

There are several theories about how kinesiology tape works. First, it is believed to change propioceptive sensory nervous system entry into muscles, joints and skin. The tape is believed to improve the interaction between the skin and the underlying structures, helping to reestablish the circuit of this part of the nervous system, resulting in better muscle activation and performance.

Kinesiology tape is also believed to suppress nociceptors. or painful pathways, in the muscles, skin, and joint structures. Reducing the painful effects on the brain is thought to normalize muscle tone, resulting in a reduction of pain and muscle spasm.

Kinesiology tape is generally believed to help create balance in the nervous system of muscles, tendons, joints, and skin. It is believed to help reduce pain, reduce swelling, and improve muscle performance and function.

Kinesiology tape is also believed to alter the position of the joints and may also be useful in remodeling collagen tissues, such as scar tissue treatment.

Types and brands

Today, there are more than 50 on the market different types and kinesiology tape brands like kinesiotape, kt Tape or RockTape. Some special tapes are for sports, while others are for treating lymphedema and swelling.

Your physical therapist can help you decide which tape is best for your specific condition.

Specific Uses

There are many different uses for kinesiology tape. Your physical therapist can evaluate your current situation and injury to decide on the best use of the tape. He or she can also teach you how to cut the basic types of strips to use in your condition. Some common uses of kinesiology tape include:

  • Relief: Kinesiology tape can be used to improve muscle arousal and contraction patterns. This can normalize muscle tone and can also help improve athletic performance.
  • Pain suppression and relief: Kinesiology tape can be used to reduce pain and muscle spasms that may occur after an injury. This can help reduce nociceptive entry into the brain, which can help reduce muscle defenses and protective spasm.
  • Support and stability: If you have a condition that requires a particular joint to be secured in place, a kinesiology registry may be right for you. Conditions such as syndrome patellofemoral stress, syndrome friction of the ilionomandibular ligament, or instability of the shoulder, can get the extra support provided by the kinesiological tape. The tape can support your joint while maintaining the possibility of some movement.
  • Treatment of edema– If you were injured or had surgery that resulted in increased swelling, kinesiology tape can help reduce swelling by reducing pressure between the skin and underlying tissues. This provides a path for the passage of excess fluid accumulated after your injury. Kinesiology tape is sometimes used in the treatment of lymphedema or superficial bruises.
  • Scar tissue treatment: After surgery or injury, you may develop a scar on the injured area. Sometimes, the tissue under the scar attaches to the skin and underlying fascia. This scar tissue can limit your normal mobility and range of motion. Kinesiology tape can be used to gently tighten scar tissue, providing low intensity and prolonged stretching of the dense collagen that constitutes scar tissue.

Does The Kinesiology Tape Really Work?

Since kinesiological recording is a relatively new and novel concept in the field of physiotherapy, there is still a lot of research to be done to understand the functioning mechanisms of the tape and whether it really meets its requirements.

Recent studies have shown that the use of kinesiology tape can improve muscle contractions in vastus medialis, a specific part quads responsible for controlling the position of the kneecap.

One study demonstrated an improvement in range of motion in the lower back immediately after application of the kinesiology tape. Another study showed short-term improvement neck pain and cervical movements in whiplash patients who used kinesiology tape.

To support the use of kinesiology tape to improve athletic performance, RockTape conducted a study of 5 cyclists and found that they showed 2-6% better with the application of kinesiology tape (specifically RockTape) compared to not using tape. Of course, the study is loaded with bias, as it was sponsored by RockTape, consisted of only 5 athletes and there was no control group.

Other studies have investigated the effects of kinesiological recording on pain, swelling and improved mobility with different results.

Bottom line: the jury is still undecided about the kinesiological record and more work is needed.

A Few Words From Get Meds Info

If you have an injury that causes pain, swelling, loss of mobility, or muscle spasms, your physical therapist may recommend using kinesiology tape to treat your problem. He or she should inform you about the tape and help you set realistic goals and expectations regarding the use of the kinesiology tape.

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