How many people die of HIV every year?

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In the first days of the AIDS epidemic at the beginning of the 1980s, approximately half of people are infected with HIV in the states United, they died of condition related to AIDS for two years. With the introduction of combined anti-releaser therapy in 1996 in 1996, the HIV mortality rate was packaged.

Today, people living with a disease can enjoy the norm for almost normal life expectancy , even in countries where the level of infection is high.

Jackin Sullivan / Getty Images News

so effective are the current methods of HIV,What is the United Nations Program about HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS) announced a decrease in 60% in the fact that the rate of HIV free death from the Top of the epidemic in 2004. In fact, HIV is no longer on the list of the World Health Organization of the 10 best reasons for deaths, and not for several years. As of 2019, HIV / AIDS is the tenth cause of death around the world.

Even in some Ares, including low-income countries, in which there is no access to medical care, HiPhpermane of the most common causes of death, even above the course , tuberculosis , Malaria and premature baby mortality .

With greater observation and a great boost for universal drug coverage, UNAIDS and others expect the number of deaths related to HIV to continue Reducing even in the most vulnerable groups of the population.

HIV death In the United States

In the United States killed at least 675,000 Americans, since the first cases were diagnosed in 1981. In 2018, approximately one.2 million Americans were qualified to live with this disease. ) From 2014 to 2018, HIV diagnoses decreased by around 7%, but this number varied according to the region.

According to the centers to control and prevent diseases and preventas (CDC), people with HIV at the United States in 2018. This is a significant decrease in more than 50,000 deaths reported at the epidemic height in 1995.

Despite the achievements, a clear inconsistency remains in the populations affected by the disease in the states United.Among some key risk factors that affect the mortality rate are geography, sexuality and races.

Geographic position

In 2018,The death associated with HIV in the United States occurred as follows:

  • 47% in the south
  • 22% for the Nineteen
  • 17% in the west
  • 12% in the Middle West
  • 2% in the United States Territory Love PortPuerto Rental and Guam / Li>

This is due to the fact that the South has the highest level High poverty. and the income of the lower median house compared to other regions of the United States.In addition, almost half of all Americans live without health insurance in the south. / P>

Access to state medical care also plays a role.According to the 2019 studios at American Journal of Holvity Health Health, , many of the states with the highest rates of HIV infection are those that have not accepted the Extension of Medicaid , it is necessary Private the vulnerable.Specific concern populations of HIV.

Men who have sex with men

men who have sex with men (MSM) taking into account 70% of all new HIV infections in the United States.According to the CDC, among gay and bisexual people had approximately 8,000 deaths.

In addition to the physiological vulnerability to the infection (through anal sex ), high levels of homophobia and It is found that stigmatization MSM MSM is found to avoid testing, treatment and HIV care.These factors are transferred at a higher HIV mortality rate.

According to the 2011 study in the US magazine American Journal of Health Health, MSM with HIV approximately 160 times more than dies from complications associated with AIDS than men who participate exclusively in heterosexual sex. Afro-American )

Africans disproportionately affect HIV.In 2018, they had about 42% of all new HIV diagnoses in the United States. African-Americans diagnosed with HIV, die in proportion at a higher speed than Other races / ethnic sciences.

According to the report published by CDC in 2016, the African-American MSM is not less than the risk of getting 50% HIV Throughout life. . Other ethnic or racial populations.

Global HIV mortality

Since the beginning of the epidemic in the 1980s, approximately 75.7 million people around the world were infected with HIV. Of these, 32.7 million (approximately 43%) died. In 2019, UNAIDS reported that the 690,000 people brand died from HIV around the world.

While the number of deaths was cooled to 2004, when approximately 2 million deaths were reported, HIV still affects certain populations disproportionately and the main cause of disease and death remains.

The HIV mortality snapshot from 2010 to 2018 illustrates the progress made in some countries, but not all the most difficult defeat countries.

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Кения > 25 000 Танзания 24 000

Уганда

23, ZimbabWe / TD> 54 000 Таиланд

18 000 <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

17,

15

<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< ANGOLA 4,8000

Speed of new infections

for UNAIDS observation reports,ITIS appreciated that there were 38 million people with HIV around the world at the end of 2019. It was approximately 1.7 million of them again infected. / P>

remain by cutting figures, partly because the infection rates are not reduced to the rhythm necessary for effectively complete The epidemic.In fact, in the period from 2010 to 2019, new infections around the world decreased around 23%, but a series of hot spots around the world survived growth.

In Russia and parts of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the speed of new infections, as reported, increases due to lack Access of absence to HIV-specific help and treatment.

Meanwhile, in countries like , which is 7.5 million cases in the world of cases in The world, evaluated by 200,000 new infections that occurred in 2019, despite the impressive deviations in the previous decade.

Even in the United States, the annual incidence of infections remained stagnant for many years, although the widespread use of exposure prevention (Prep) and other preventive measures gradually reduced the course of 50,000 At the beginning of the 40,000 century today.

Objectives and tasks

Contribute to deterioration is agreed upon by UNAIDS to implement it 90-90-90 initiative ,In which the following objectives are designed to reach by 2030:

  • 90% of people with HIV will be diagnosed
  • 90% to diagnose being placed on therapy antiretroviral
  • 90% of the WHO on the therapy reaches aIndefined virus load

however, the problems remain. The main ones among them are high indicators of infection among women ages of 15 to 24 in many African countries.In addition, HIV tests among younger Africans remain low, and the death associated with AIDS is disproportionately high compared to other age groups .

In Russia and Central Asia, where the HIV infection level is increasing, use of medications injection , Not sexual communication has become the main form of transferring HIV . .Flavors and work mortality in these areas in the coming years.

Word of the Meds information received

With the increase in access to antiretroviral therapy, the risk of illness and death fell deep into people living with HIV.To stay healthy and live a long and healthy life, it is important to verify if you think you have HIV and start treatment as soon as you.

If you need information about HIV or references in your area, contact your quick access line at HIV / AIDS , many of which are available 24 hours a day.

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