How old age and dementia differ


Merriam-Webster's most basic definition of old age is "referring to old age, manifesting or characterizing it." Therefore, the pure use of the word "senile" simply refers to your age.

However, the use of the word "senile" more frequently, but somewhat incorrectly, is associated with a decrease in mental capacity, such as memory loss or confusion, as people age. Take, for example, this phrase: "Your decrepit grandmother will never remember your visits, but they knew they would make her day."

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Senile is often combined with other words like senile Alzheimer's , senile dementia , and senile plaques. Senile can also be added as a descriptor and applied to other medical conditions such as senile arthritis or senile osteoporosis.

The word "senile" in these cases refers to old age, in which the disease has developed, and has no relation to their cognitive function. Another common form of the word is old age .

Use of the word "senile"

Senile is often used to denote a loss of cognitive ability or an inability to think clearly. Although the term is still sometimes used today, the term has lost its popularity, in part due to the fact that it has a negative and disrespectful tone, such as "old is old."

Old age has been used more frequently in the past, especially when memory loss and confusion were considered by some to be a normal consequence of aging . It used to be thought that both the body and the mind could decay. together as someone of legal age, and this mental malfunction was a normal part of aging.

The person has often been described as having "senile dementia" or "senile Alzheimer's disease," meaning that the disease and associated mental decline developed at a later age.

Science now understands that significant memory loss, disorientation , and confusion are not normal parts of aging, but rather symptoms of a neurocognitive disorder such as Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia , or Lewy body dementia .

Senile syndrome is sometimes used to describe the plaque that builds up in the brain as Alzheimer's disease progresses. These senile plaques are often referred to as one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease along with neurofibrillary tangles.

What is SDAT?

Senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (SDAT) is a medical diagnosis that was previously used to describe symptoms of dementia that were likely caused by Alzheimer's disease. The word "senile" here refers to the age of onset of the disease, which was considered senile if it developed after age 65.

The descriptor "late onset" (versus early onset ) is now more commonly used when the speaker specifies the age of onset of dementia.

The word " type" was included in the diagnosis because, technically, Alzheimer's disease could only be definitively diagnosed after a brain autopsy after death, so the implications were that the symptoms were consistent with those of Alzheimer's disease .

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-V (DSM-V), SDAT is now diagnosed as a major or minor neurocognitive disorder caused by Alzheimer's disease.

How is dementia different from old age?

While decrepitude is a vague and somewhat imprecise and negative attitude toward cognitive loss, dementia is an accepted medical term.

Dementia encompasses a wide range of brain conditions that cause a progressive decline in a person's ability to think and remember. Also, the loss of these skills makes it difficult to function or care for people.

The most common causes of dementia are Alzheimer's disease, followed by vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and frontotemporal dementia. Other less common causes include Huntington's disease , tertiary syphilis, HIV-related dementia , and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease .

Although there is no cure for dementia, the disease usually progresses slowly. When faced with signs of dementia, doctors generally stage it based on symptoms. Based on the data obtained, the state stage can be classified as follows :

  • The early stage of dementia is diagnosed when daily life begins to deteriorate. It is often characterized by forgetfulness, the inability to find words , getting lost, repeating something, and having difficulty coping with routine tasks such as finances or shopping.
  • Middle- stage dementia affects a person's ability to function both inside and outside the home. Typically, the person loses almost all new information the moment they receive it and demonstrates a violation of social judgment and general problem solving. Complex behavior often develops during the middle stage of dementia.
  • Delayed dementia is when a person needs help with all their daily activities , such as eating, bathing, and dressing.

Get the word of drug information

In popular parlance, the terms senility and dementia. they often share the same space. But in reality, old age may no longer have a place in modern vocabulary due to its imprecise use and negative connotations.

Rather than reinforcing the stigma of dementia with the word 'senile', let's work together to reduce these stereotypes by thinking carefully about the terminology we use.

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