takes steps to prevent the infection of Salmonella . You can save you and your family from one of the 1.2 million people in the United States, which are found in the presence of this disease every year. The bacteria responsible for Salmonella are distributed through the treatment of contaminated food and animals, such as animal turtles that take it in their calams.Avoid meat and unreated or disturbed eggs and make sure that raw meat is processed separately from other products in food preparation.
Prevention of infection is especially important for those who are most important for those who are exposed to the risk of serious illnesses, including small children, the elderly,as well as with weakened immunological systems .
although most people get a diarrhea that happens a course in a few days, around 450 people die Each year from Sharp Salmonosa .
No vaccine for Salmonella, and can take a disease several times, so it is important to avoid contact with bacteria.
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Salmonellosis is a disease that It includes diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramps. The bacteria extend in the stool. Some people are healthy, but the bearers of bacteria.Use these tips so that you do not give salmonella to others or get them:
- always rinse your hands thoroughly after using the toilet, changing the diapers and before cooking.
- A man who has salmonellosis should not prepare food or pour water for others until they had symptoms within 48 hours.
- Man who has Salmonellosis work , child care or school, until they had any symptom within 48 hours.
- do not swim if you had diarrhea for the last 24 hours.
Preparation and food processing
There are many food practices that are aimed at preventing food.These practices are important during food, cooking at home and prepare food in restaurants.
- When shopping, keep meat raw, birds and seafood separately from other items.Keep them separately in the refrigerator.
- after contact with meat or raw bird, wash the hands, kitchen surfaces, dishes, plates, bowls, etc. With soap and water.It is especially important that you do not use unwashed utensils and other items for food that will undergo raw meat or for meat as soon as you have cooked.
- It is better to have separate cutting boards designated for raw meat, and for products, since cleaning may not eliminate all bacteria.
- Do not work with corral or raw meat and a baby handle (for example, feed, change the diaper) at the same time.
- cooking birds, beef and eggs and eggs, carefully before meals.Do not eat or drink products that contain raw eggs or unpasteurized raw milk.Raw eggs can not be not recognized in some products, such as Dutch Dutch sauce, home light dressings, tiramisu, homemade ice cream, homemade mayonnaise, cookie dough, egg and frost.
- If you are sent, bird or eggs in the restaurant, feel free to send it back to the kitchen for greater preparation. Birds and meat, including hamburgers, should be well prepared, and are not pink in the middle.
- Keep refrigerators with clean and cold (40 F or lower for refrigerators). Cover and cool products that short.
- Read and follow the instructions on the label, such as ‘store in the refrigerator’ or ‘use’ (specific date).
- Keep the fruit salads prepared or other elements carved in the refrigerator until it is to serve.Negative to cut products to produce objects if they were out of the refrigerator for more than four hours.
- Mother milk is the safest food for young children.Breastfeeding prevents salmonellosis and many other health problems. Wash your hands before breastfeeding.
- Do not take untreated water, which can be contaminated with animal debris.
Contact of animals and pets
While the animals can pass the salmonlao well, there are groups that are subject to risk collection and should avoid contact with animals,That they usually wear bacteria. These groups include babies, children of 5 years and minors, adults over 65, and people with a decrease in immune function (HIV / AIDS, chemotherapy, organ transplant recipients).
Animals of the greatest risk: Reptiles (turtles, iguanas, other lizards, snakes), amphibians (frogs, salamandres) and a Live bird (chickens, ducks, geese, Turkish).
Other animals that can transmit Salmonella include poultry, rodents (hamsters, guinea pigs, rats, mice), hedgehogs, farm animals, dogs, cats and horses.Bacteria are found mainly in their stool, but their coat, feathers, bedding, toys, food, feeders, cells or housings will also make microbes. These animals can be completely healthy and still support bacteria.
Use these tips to reduce risk and protect people in high-risk groups:
- Irrigation with soap and water after any contact with animals, its enclosures or their stool.Although this applies to any animal or pet, it is especially anxiety with reptiles, amphibians or birds.
- People in high-risk groups should be avoided directly or even indirect contact with reptiles, amphibians and living birds of rejection to animals should not be kept as pets in homes that have high participants risk,or in two service services, care services for major or medical objects.
- Do not allow high-risk animals for areas where you usually eat or drink. Do not eat, drink or smoke while there is around these animals.
- Zoos or farm visits are the best reserved for children over 5 years old, with supervision.
- Adults at high risk of a group should not clean any pet or animals that do not have disposable gloves.Children are 5 years old and should not give such tasks.
- When washing pets or their items, try to do it outdoors. Do not give up the water in the sink, which is used to cook.use bleach to disinfect any sink, bath or toilet later.
- If your child is 5 years old or less, check the child around the animals. Do not allow contact with your son’s face or kiss. Heyon his son manually after handling animals.
Farm in the backyard
How to preserve chickens and enjoy your own harvest eggs, it is important to understand the risks of Salmonella of these events.You must buy a bird or alive chickens only of incuberes certified by the Bird Improvement Plan for USDA (USDA NPIP). Better does not get your local bird from the rear farmers.
Use these tips for not getting Salmonella:
- regularly clean the chicken cooperative, gloves and shoe protectors or shoes that use only in coop.
- Changes food and water daily.
- Wash your hands after processing the chicken or collection of eggs and make it outdoors, or use a sink that is not used for cooking.
- Clean food bowls and other outdoor items or sink are not used for cooking, disinfecting it with a bleach.
- do not eat, drink or do not smoke around your birds.
- Keep your bird birds and away from the districts, including the open courtyard, where cook or eat food.
- does not allow children under 5 years around their birds and control other children.And adults to safely process the bird.
- If something bird is sick, dry it from the rest of the birds and contact your veterinarian.
- Make sure your birds get all the recommended vaccines.
- If you use the manure chicken as a garden compost, you should be cured at least 45 days before use.
- Do not put a bird, and do not press, and then touch your face or the company.
Use these contra-Combat:
- gather the eggs every failure of the morning and the day
- washing eggs after the collection is not recommended, since it says the control center of Diseases (CDC) That washing in cold water can remove bacteria into eggs. Clean them outdoors with a brush or a cloth.
- Reject cracked or dirty eggs.
- Cooling eggs in two hours or less.
- If you sell your eggs, follow all local standards and license requirements.
- by eating home eggs, the cook carefully and does not consume raw eggs.
Public health departments and CDC require medical institutions to report cases of salmonium so that they can determine and track outbreaks. Clinical laboratories send Salmonella in the public health laboratory, so you can determine and compare a specific type to others Salmonella in the community.If many cases occur at the same time, it may mean that the restaurant, feeding or water supply has a problem that needs a public health branches correction.Although many people do not address medical care at the Salmonelization fight, which carries out a typical course, those who will help with this shooting of outbreaks.
Flash information can be seen on the CDC site.
Examples of the last flashes include those related to eggs, coconut, chicken salad, raw outbreaks, crafts, dowry birds and turtles. It can be drilled to see specific flashes.
If you hear any recalls of news due to concerns about the concerns about salmonella or food diseases, check if you have purchased auxiliary products. Do not consume them.
Frequently asked questions
no, but certainly can prevent the complications of salmonella poisoning, knowing when the disease requires medical attention.Call your doctor if: / P>
Doctor should also manage the care of babies, more than 65 people , and anyone,WHO has a weakened immune system or an inflammatory intestinal disease as soon as Salmonella Salmonella Symptoms of infection begin.
Нет.Actually, it can encourage the distribution of salmonella , which is said that the chickens are placing the eggs from the same hole with which they lose, so they want to snatch any obvious stool or mud with their hands stuck .You can use a brush, fabric or even very thin sandpaper to do it. After that egg store in the refrigerator until it is ready for use.
, preparing food correctly.Some products must be prepared at specific temperatures to kill any microbes they contain.You can use a food thermometer inserted in the grain of the following to make sure they reach safe temperatures before feeding them:
- beef beef, pork, veal and lamb should be prepared at 160 degrees.
- Egg plates (FRITTATES, for example) Must prepare up to 160 degrees.
- Ease of poultry (chicken, turkey, duck), including ground chicken and Turkey, should be prepared at 165 degrees. The
- records should be prepared up to 165 degrees.
Beef, Veal, Lamb, Pig, Ham,And the fish must be prepared at 145 degrees (and are allowed to relax within three minutes in thread or food).