If you've ever experienced eyelid twitching, you know how annoying it can be. Eyelid spasm , also known as myokymia , is an involuntary contraction of the eyelid muscles that most commonly affects the lower eyelid.
Treatment for eyelid spasms depends on the severity of the eyelid. There are things you can try at home before going to the doctor if the severity is mild.
Minor spasms are usually caused by:
- Dry Eye
- Poor nutrition
- Vision problems ( uncorrected refractive errors )
More severe eye spasms can last up to several weeks. These types of spasms are often associated with blepharospasm.
Blepharospasm is caused by a nerve impulse, but doctors don't know why. Severe blepharospasm should be evaluated by a neuro-ophthalmologist.
Minor eye spasms are an uncontrolled spasm of the eyelids that can come and go over the course of 2 to 3 days and then go away on its own.
Severe eye spasms last much longer and usually do not go away. The eyelids can contract with such force that the entire eye opens and closes completely over and over again. Severe eye spasms are extremely irritating and interfere with daily life.
See your optometrist if you have severe eye spasms that last more than a few days.
Determine the severity of the spasms: mild or severe? For small eye spasms:
- Relax. Try to get rid of stress in your daily life.
- Limit your caffeine intake .
- Rest. Get enough sleep and take frequent breaks from computer work.
- Apply warm compresses to the trembling eye and gently massage the eyelid with your fingers.
- Try over-the-counter oral or topical antihistamines (eye drops) to decrease the twitching of the eyelid muscles.
Treatment for severe eye spasms may include Botox injections to paralyze the eye muscles, medications to relax the muscles, or surgery to remove the corresponding eye muscles .
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Most eyelid twitching is harmless and will go away on its own. In rare cases, severe eyelid twitching may indicate a more serious condition. It is always better to consult an eye doctor.