Infection of the skin around the nails and nails.

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paronichia is a leather layer infection that surrounds a nail (known as perionagium).This is the most common manual infection in the United States and is often considered in children as a result of the nail jaw and sucking fingers.

The condition can be classified as a sharpening (rapidly progressive with a short duration), or chronic (constantly and constantly), depending on the amount of time when the infection was present.

Manual infection Paronichia. KCKATE16 / GETTY images

Calls

Become both sharp and chronics from Parony with penetration of the Exterior skin layer called the epidermis.

Acute parium, as a general rule, is the result of a direct lesion to the skin, such as a cut, a plaque or a fingernail.Bacteria are the most common cause of infection, mainly Staphylococcus aureus , , but also certain strains of EM> Streptococcus and pseudomonas Bacteria.

Meanwhile, chronic parons are the most often caused by repeated exposure to detergents containing water, alkaline or other stimuli. This can lead to swelling and gradual deterioration of the epidermal layer.Most chronic infections are caused by fungi Candida Albicans (yeast) and other fungal agents.

Appearance

The acute parachute starts like a red, warm and painful skin that swelled around the nail. Over time, the accumulation of pus can be separated by leather from the nails. In more severe cases, the lymph nodes in your mud and Sweep can be inflamed, and your nail can be discolored.

In chronic romance , redness and sensitivity are usually less remarkable. The skin around the nail is often loose, and the cuticle can be separated from the bed of the ones.It is often thickened and discolored with severe horizontal grooves on the surface. Green bleaching can occur in cases of infection pseudomonas .

Diagnostics

Acute Paronychia is generally diagnosed according to the review of clinical symptoms. If Pus wakes up, your Medical care provider can make an incision.

In severe cases, they can grow gnome bacteria drained to make the final diagnosis. In general, it is not necessary, because bacteria are generally staphylococcus or Streptococcus type, both similar.

Chronic paronimo has a tendency to be more difficult to diagnose. Potassium hydroxide tests (KOH), using a smear, extracted from nail curves, sometimes confirm fungal infection.If PUS is involved, culture can confirm the presence of fungi or other less common infectious agents.

Treatment

For an acute infection, soak a clove in warm water three or four times a day, can help drain and relieve some pain.Some health providers suggest that acetic acid is absorbed using superior water with upper water and a part of the vinegar.

If you have a pus or abscess, the infection may need to cut and merge.In some cases, part of the nail can be removed.

The bacteria associated with bacteria paronichia is considered more frequently by antibiotics, such as cephalexine or dilish. .In addition, soft can be used to reduce inflammation (steroids should never be used independently, as they do not belong to basic infection.)

Some people tend to have more extensive asphalt infections and may try to treat a long course of antibiotics, including:

  • immune system committed detail from HIV
  • courtarteSolid use of
  • diabetes
  • autoimmune disease,Including psoriasis and lupus
  • poor hand circulation or feet

)

Do you have several options to reduce The risk or severity of aphreative infection.

  • do not bite your nails and do not cut them too close. / Li>
  • try not to suck your fingers.
  • Use waterproof gloves when wearing your hands on detergents, clean liquids or strong chemicals.
  • Avoid absorbing hands in the water for long periods of time (or, again, use waterproof gloves).
  • for cuts and scratches, wash your hands with antibacterial detergent and bandage. Detergent or chemical products.
  • regularly change your socks and use the upper legs if your legs are prone to sweaty or excessive moisture.
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