Listeria: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment and

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Listeria (Listeriosis Infection) It can occur from food consumption, which is contaminated by monocytagens monocytogenenes blisteria bacteria.Infection can cause stomach disorder and influenza symptoms.

Products that are probably contaminated by this type of bacteria, process meat, such as hot dogs and dogs (facts and in a divided meter), smooth cheeses and smoked seafood.

Infections are generally diagnosed according to symptoms, but laboratory tests can confirm it. This infection can cause complications, so treatment with antibiotics may be required.Prevention is the key when it comes to lesteriosis and other infections, transport food, such as e. Coli and salmonella .

Get MedS / GARY FERSER information

Symptoms

children and adults can get a list of lamps.This infection has an incubation period , which means that it can have a delay between impact and symptoms.It is possible that you have an incubation period of three to four weeks before the development of symptoms of layeriosis, and this period can last up to several months.

Symptoms of lysteriosis tend to start with gastrointestinal (GI) problems, such as gastric cramps, diarrhea and vomiting.

Other common symptoms include: / P>

  • fever
  • muscle pain
  • >
  • Headache

Improved diseases can lead to the fact that meningitis ,Infections of meningitis (protective fabric, the surrounding brain and spinal cord). Manzacephalitics, and the infection of Mengo and the brain can also occur.

The effects of leaf meningitis or meningonentsephalitis may include:

  • hard neck
  • confusion
  • loss of equilibrium
  • cramps (capture)

meningitis and meningensfalitis are not effectsTypical leaf infections and tend to have people who have a weakened immune system. Complications

Pregnant women are one of the highest risk groups for sheareriosis due to a slightly weakened immune system.The symptoms of this infection during pregnancy are similar to the typical symptoms of lesteriosis, but pregnant women tend to develop the symptoms of influenza more often than the symptoms of IG.

The infection can cause serious complications,Including:

  • SCKARRAGE
  • Display
  • Delivery provided
  • threatening infections in the newborn

Flame

Infections ofListeria are distributed when eating contaminated foods. This is not directly contagious from one person to another.

Food products that can be contaminated Listeria monocytogenes bacteria,Include: / P>

  • smoked meat
  • flesh of the plot
  • processed meat
  • >
  • raw fruits and vegetables
  • smoked seafood
  • raw materials
  • without pasteurize
  • food made withMilk without pasteurize, like the cheeses

Healthy people who eat

There are risk factors that make it more likely the development of the serious effects of lesteriosis. However, someone can have a long-term infection that requires treatment.And anyone can develop complications of Listeria infection (including death).

The risk factors that predispose to a solid listeria infection include:

  • Weak immune system: People who have committed immunological systems, for diseases such as cancer,Diabetes, alcoholism, liver or renal disease, or AIDS are at a high risk of complications of leaven infections. It is likely that people with AIDS are affected by Listeria infections than in the general population.
  • Senior age: Elderly people generally have a weakened immune system, which increases the chances of developing a long or complex infection after exposure to listeria monocynogenes. Pregnancy: Pregnant women around 18 times more likely to get the lemasious than the broad audience. Around one in six confirmed cases of lesteriosis, a pregnant woman. Luboriosis can lead to severe complications for newborns. Mostegurosits born in pregnant women who were exposed to Listeria monocytogenes can develop diseases with dangerous in life with complications.

Diagnostics

Listeria infection can be diagnosed according to your symptoms, as well as diagnostic tests, such as blood tests.Sometimes buds are reported, and the contaminated source of food can potentially be traced as a result of recovery. However, this is not always the case, especially if the infection suffered a single person or several people.

The body can be cultured in the culture of the sample obtained through the blood test. If there is anxiety for meningitis or encephalitis, the spine of the liquid can be assembled with the lumbar puncture (LP) , also known as spinal column.And you can get the sample of the placenta when there is a concern about the infection in the uterus.

Despite the fact that generally causes the participation of GI, Listeria monocytogenes does not grow in the culture of the chair

Definition Listeria in the food

When you suspect the contamination of food,Food samples can be verified to identify the body. The methods for testing molecular food products are carried out in a laboratory for monocytogen monocytogen isolation genetic material.

Listeria flashes are tracked by centers to control and avoid diseases, Therefore your health care provider can inform your infection or you can ask you to report about it.

You can request you to complete the profile of the product you ate before being sick, so the source can be identified to avoid contamination of other people’s infection.

Treatment

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of lesteriosis, you should seek medical attention. Listeria infections are processed by antibiotics.Complications may also require additional cure approaches.

Antibiotics

The most used antibiotics for the treatment of ampicillin leaf infection or ampicillin combination and GentamycinBactrim (TIMETOPROX / SULFAMETOXAZOLE) is generally considered if you have allergies to ampicillin. In some cases, the antibiotic resistance can be developed, requires the use of second string antibiotics, such as erythromycin.

, as a general rule, oral antibiotics are sufficient, but if it has difficult nausea and vomiting, it is possible that you need intravenous antibiotics (IV introduced through the venela).

Treatment of related symptoms

If you have muscle pain or headaches, your health care provider may recommend reevaluation to overcome pain,Like Tylanol (acetaminophen) or Advil (ibuprofen) .

The main complications require a medical processing recipe and may involve hospitalization.It is possible that seizures need to be treated with medications against epilepsy , while severe inflammation of meningitis or encephalitis may be required to be treated with steroids.Liquids and intravenous electrolytes may be necessary if you are taking dehydration or can not eat due to a disease.

STATERY can lead to death, even when processed.Almost all death related to death is associated with a weakened deep immune system.

Treatment for monocitogenesis of monocytogenesis

If you think it can be at a high risk of lumberiosis, you should talk with your health care provider.For example, if you think you can eat foods that made others have lemasiosis, or if you already ate food, you recalled due to the flashes of lemiosis, you should see your health care provider before developing symptoms.

When you can not start the antibiotics automatically, you may have some preliminary diagnostic tests that can help determine what antibiotics should take. In general, take antibiotics only for the effects of bacteria are not considered useful.

Prevention

The best way to prevent Listeria infection: Use suitable precautions for food.

Strategies include: / P>

Wash hands: Wash your hands well while it is Prepared of food and before eating, cuts the distribution of most food diseases, including tenderness.

Food Rinse thoroughly: Contaminated products can distribute Listeria. Be sure to carefully wash all your fruits and vegetables (especially those that will not be prepared). Even if the products are cleaned, it should be washed first.Keep food raw and cooked, separated.

Completely cook the meat: Incorrect meat is popular, but the possibilities of food disease increase.

The meat should be prepared before reaching its internal temperatures:

  • Poultry: 165 F
  • beef: 160 f
  • pork: 165 f

Meat should be prepared until brown,and the internal temperature of at least160 degrees (veal, pork, veal and lamb) or 165 degrees (turkey and chicken).

Store balance in suitable temperatures: Food storage with suitable temperatures can help prevent growth growth of Listeria monocytes .However, keep in mind that listeria can grow on a route, if they are properly stored in the refrigerator.

Special precautions, if exposed to high risks: Because letters can be so severe for high-risk groups, such as pregnant women, it is better to avoid certain products.

CDC recommends that people in high-risk groups do not eat: / P>

  • hot dogs, meat Teali, cold cuts or sausages, if they do not heat up to 160 degrees just before serving.
  • soft cheeses, like feta, brie or white cheese, if the label does not indicate that it was performed with pasteurized milk.
  • Smoked seafood refrigerated, such as Lox or smoked salmon, if it is not included in the cooked dish or is supplied in a stable position, and not in the refrigerator or delivery.
  • Refrigeration or patent devices (sold in a refrigerator or divider), which are not stable by shelves.

Word of the information received from MESTS

While lemaryiosis can be a serious infection, Most of the time the impact does not cause serious diseases.It is important to know about foodstuffs and pay attention to the preparation and safe processing of food, especially if you are preparing food for a person who is in a high-risk group.

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