Orthopedic surgeon: experience, specialties and training.


The orthopedic surgeon is a high-performance doctor dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal injuries and disorders.The profession takes around 14 years of formal education to obtain the certification of the Board of Directors with the overwhelming majority of vigor professionals private practices, according to the investigation of the University of Pennsylvania.

Javier Larrea / Getty Images

Orthopedic surgery is considered one of the most decisive fields, in the medical profession. Includes surgical and non-surgical methods to treat lesions, infections, tumors, congenital defects and degenerative diseases that affect bones, joints, ligaments, tendons and nerves to coordinate. movement.

Out of common orthopedic surgery, there are also practitioners that specialize in certain parts of the body, such as the spine or foot and ankle. Others choose the order, such as pediatrics, sports medicine or reconstructive surgery.

Title The orthopedic surgeon is used interchangeably with orthopedist.


Orthopedic surgeons They belong to people all ages, of the newborns to the elderly. The conditions treated can be widely defined by their location and / or can be associated with injuries, systemic diseases or neoplasms (benign or cancer).

Between some of the most common conditions Orthopedic surgeon can be treated:

Because orthopedic surgeons often treat spinal disorders, their function is often surpassed with neuroscurgers , which are treated with disorders of spinal cord.

Procedural experience

Since people only tend to see an orthopedic surgeon when conditions become problematic,Most of the management of practice is found in the diagnosis and treatment of reference disorders, and not in prevention.

With what the agreed efforts to prevent reassignment after orthopedic processing or avoid the deterioration of chronic state, especially those with participation of the neck, spine, hips or knee.


The diagnostic tools used in orthopedics include physical exams, laboratory tests and images of images.Some of the most common include:

  • arthroscopy (surgical procedure using a small camera,To see within the connection)
  • Blood analysis (used to detect inflammation and infection or precision, such as rheumato-edit , Bone cancer ,or ankylosing spondylitis)
  • bone (research image that uses radioactive agents for measuring bone tissues are lost and replaced in the body)
  • calculated tomography (ct) scan (joining x-ray with computer technology to produce cross-Images of the sectional image)
  • Hanging analysis (physical examination that defines anomalies in their lower extremities, leveling limbs,or joint rotation)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Scan (which uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create very detailed images,Especially soft tissues)
  • Reflected response (for evaluating how fast the joints are and the brain reacts to stimulus)
  • x-ray x rays (radiationElectromagnetic Etérea To create plain loop images)


Surgical and non-surgical instruments Used in orthopedics are extensive and may include:

Southern proposals

Why Orthopedics treated conditions, therefore, extensive and diverse orthopedic surgeons will often specialize in the treatment of certain conditions,Parts of the body and populations.Between some of the most common configuration services:

  • Foot and ankle surgery
  • Hand and upper extremities
  • Orthopedic oncology (with cancer participation ofhueso)
  • orthopedictrampa
  • ortopedia pediátrica
  • hombro y codo
  • / strong>
  • medicina quirúrgica
  • GeneralReconstruction Joint (arthroplasty)

Many orthopedic tips are not exceptional for orthopedists .Some as hands surgery are relevant to plastic surgeons , while podiabeists often seek training in scholarships in the use of ankle surgery.

Training and certification

To become an orthopedic surgeon, first he must have complied with the four-year bachelor’s program, which generally includes a year of biology,Two years of chemistry, and a year of physics.

He was accompanied by four years in a medical school. The first two years will be based on the class, while the last two are based predominantly in the hospital.During this time, you must take and approve the exams of the National Council: one after the second year of the School of Medicine, and the other for the fourth year (the last review is generally accepted during the first or second year of the subsequent graduate.)

Based on your training track, you would have been launched as medical doctor (MD) or doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO).

I would have to apply and begin the residence.The program will consist of four years of specific learning based on orthopedic surgery. During this time, turn on large tips in different hospitals to obtain the practical impact of several surgical methods and technologies.

At the end of your residence, you can request an appeal to a two-year scholarship to pursue non-orthopedic non-company.

The certification of the Board will comply with the completion of its orthopedic preparation for the refusal of this, the review process must be passed and through oral and written examinations,Managed by the American Council of Orthopedic Surgery (ABO) or the American Osteopathic Council of Orthopedic Surgery (Aobos).

After certification, orthopedic surgeons must pass a strict recardation every 10 years.Therefore, in addition to work practices, you must devote time to study and visit permanent medical education courses to ensure that your knowledge is updated and in accordance with the current practice.

Tips of purpose

The meeting with an orthopedic surgeon can first be stressful, since most people only make if there was an injury or if the condition deteriorates or does not improve.To obtain the maximum information about the meeting, make a small study and always prepared.

Start a specialized search, which is a Provider of Online with your insurance company.You can request your main medical care to the doctor for references or contact your insurance company for the list of suppliers in your area. Next, you can check M.D.Certificate using certificates Website Council of guided US medical specialties (ABMS). You can find certified osteopathic orthopedic surgeons next to you using the Aobos search tool .

In your destination day, bring your insurance card and any laboratory or visual reports related to your status.You should also ask your main health care physician to send relevant electronic medical records (EMR).

When it is discussed briefly, have no clarity or minimize nor the exaggeration of the nature of your condition. If it is possible, save the magazine of your symptoms if they are Newspapers or differ from one episode to another.

To better understand your condition and what to wait forward, write any question on a piece of paper.For example, you can ask:

  • ,Why is this procedure recommended?
  • What are the objectives of the treatment?
  • What is success for this procedure?
  • How is the procedure?
  • requires some anesthesia?
  • How often did you have asurgery?
  • How long did the advantage last?
  • What are the risks and potential complications?
  • what can I do – to reduce your risk?
  • How long do you need to restore?
  • When can I go back to work?
  • when I recognized the treatment successfully?
  • Do you need additional procedures in the future?
  • What happened to have no operation now?
  • I want the second opinion,Who can I contact?

Word of information received from medications

Surgery orthopedic can be an exciting career with staff that financial prizes,But it can also be extremely stress. You can find emergency calls at all hours. And although it can satisfy the improvement of the quality of life of many of your patients, others may not find relief, even with your best efforts.

The orthopedic surgeon must have certain characteristics and skills for successful career entry, including resistance, emotional stability, strong interpersonal skills,The excellent coordination for the eyes and the exceptional dexterity made by hand. In addition, you must be realistic, but with a clear sense of determination.

According to the annual overview of Merritt Hawkins’ , the incentives to kill a doctor ,Orthopedic surgeons were the most paid medical seconds in 2018 with an average salary in the amount of US $ 533,000.

This high gain potential must, in part, to its disadvantages of professionals in a field with a just over 29,000 MD certified as orthopedic surgeons and many less orthopedic surgeons osteopathic in all the United States.

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