If you find it difficult to move normally due to injury or illness, your physical therapist may choose an orthopedic prosthesis to help you align your legs and torso correctly. So what is an orthosis? An orthopedic device is an orthopedic device or device that is used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of moving parts of the body. Simply put, a brace is any device that adheres to your body and is designed to help you move and function better. Your physical therapist may use several different types of templates.
Some examples of orthopedic products that a doctor can help you with may include:
- AFO – Ankle Brace; Lower extremity orthopedic device that covers the ankle and foot and does not protrude above the knee. This is generally used when lowering the foot when tibialis anterior weakness prevents you from lifting your foot and toes off the floor.
- A cervical brace is a rigid plastic brace that covers the neck and supports the chin and the back of the head.
- Dynamic splint : A dynamic splint is a device that surrounds a joint to support it, but moves to align the joint when a specific part of the joint is stretched. For example, if your elbow feels tight after an arm fracture, your physical therapist may prescribe a dynamic splint to help you extend your arm while supporting it. The splint provides a long-term stretch of a part of the body with little load.
- KAFO – Knee and Ankle Support; Orthopedic device for the lower limb that extends from the knee to the ankle and the foot.
- LSO – lumbosacral orthosis; a spinal orthosis that covers the body in the lumbosacral region. It is often used after spinal surgery or to treat low back pain due to spinal stenosis.
Your physical therapist may recommend orthotics to help align your body or support a joint or joints. It can improve your overall functional mobility, helping to support your body after an injury or illness that results in loss of muscle control or joint mobility.
Orthopedics for footwear
One of the most common areas that people wear orthotics is in shoes. Orthotic devices are generally used for people with excessive pronation of the legs. Pronation refers to a flat foot with loss of the medial arch of the foot. If your pronated feet are straight and flat, this can lead to a number of problems. They may include:
If your foot pivots too much, it can put pressure on your lower extremities, causing pain and difficulty walking or moving properly. Sometimes thigh muscle weakness goes hand in hand with pronation of the foot. This pronation may need to be corrected.
The shoe's orthotics help to gently lift the arch of the foot, ensuring optimal foot and lower leg position. When the foot is overpronated, the lower leg turns inward from the inside, placing stress and strain on the knees. Orthopedic correction can help with a host of lower extremity problems. Some people with flat or pierced feet use shoe inserts and orthotics as a preventative measure against injury. Your technician can evaluate your foot position and determine if shoe inserts are right for you.
A brace can also be thought of as an orthosis. After surgery, such as ACL reconstruction, your healthcare provider may want to stabilize the knee joint while it heals. You may need to wear a knee brace as an orthopedic aid to keep everything in the right place during healing. Your physical therapist can show you how to properly wear a knee brace after surgery and make sure it is not too tight or too loose. (One of the most common reasons for stopping a knee brace is that it doesn't fit well.) While a knee brace can help reduce pain, make sure you understand exactly how to use it correctly.
Get the word of drug information
If you feel pain or any type of restriction in functional mobility, a physical therapist can use orthotics to correct your condition. Talk to your doctor, then visit a physical therapist to see if you can wear braces to help correct your condition.