Ovulation bleeding, also known as ovulation spotting, is light vaginal bleeding that occurs during ovulation. Ovulation occurs when you release an egg from your ovary in the middle of your menstrual cycle.
While there are many potential causes of bleeding between periods , this does not seem to be that common. In fact, a 2012 study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology suggests that only about 2.8% of healthy young women experience bleeding at this point in their cycle, and it only lasts for about a day.
While spotting during ovulation is generally not a cause for concern, unexpected bleeding at any time can be worrisome. So how do you know when you are bleeding normally during ovulation and not something else, and when to call your doctor?
Read on to learn more, including why you might have spotting during ovulation, how to determine what type of bleeding you are experiencing, and what to do next.
If you notice that you have a little bleeding in the middle of your cycle, your hormones may be to blame. Studies show that people with higher levels of estrogen, progesterone, and luteinizing hormone (LH) are more likely to bleed at the time of ovulation.
Ovulation bleeding can occur when your body releases an egg anywhere between days 13 and 20 of your menstrual cycle (if you are new to tracking your cycles, the first day of your period marks the beginning of each cycle).
Of course, our bodies don't always act on fixed calendars. The exact time of ovulation can vary by a couple of days from cycle to cycle.
Ovulation spots appear as a few drops of blood on toilet paper or underwear and can appear within a day or two. Because it is often mixed with cervical fluid (which increases during ovulation), it can be light pink or red in color.
If you are trying to conceive or do not want to get pregnant, this may be an indicator that you have entered your fertility window.
But since ovulation bleeding is quite rare, other symptoms of ovulation may be more reliable, such as a change in basal body temperature (drops slightly and then rises sharply after ovulation) or the consistency of cervical fluid (which should resemble the egg white around it.). weather).
Other causes of bleeding
Another type of spotting you may have heard of is implantation bleeding, which occurs when a fertilized egg attaches itself to your uterus or uterus. While this does not always happen, for some people it is one of the first signs of pregnancy. Therefore, it is helpful to understand the difference between the two.
Timing is key here. Implant bleeding usually occurs when you are waiting for your next period. Like bleeding during ovulation, it is usually much lighter and shorter than bleeding during menstruation.
In addition to ovulation and implantation, unexpected bleeding between periods can occur for a variety of different reasons. They may include:
- Hormonal changes due to puberty or perimenopause.
- Ovarian cysts
- Fibroids or polyps
- The pregnancy
- Blood clotting disorders
- Smoking cigars
- Infection, such as a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
- Problems with the birth control pill or intrauterine device (IUD)
- In rare cases, cancer of the uterus, cervix, or ovaries.
Because ovulation bleeding can be difficult to distinguish from other causes of bleeding, see your doctor if you notice unexpected bleeding between periods.
Specifically, spots other than menstruation, bleeding after sex, bleeding after menopause, or especially heavy or prolonged periods are your cue to make an appointment for a checkup.
Until then, start tracking your symptoms with your ovulation calendar or app. With a few questions, a pelvic exam, and in some cases additional imaging or tests, your obstetrician will be able to determine what is causing the bleeding irregularities and provide a treatment plan.
Get the word of drug information
For some people, small bleeding during ovulation is a normal part of the menstrual cycle due to the change in hormones and the release of an egg from the ovary. But if you have spotting between periods without a clear explanation, see your doctor to discuss it as soon as possible.
While some stains aren't worth worrying about, it's best to take care of your peace of mind and well-being.