Puffy eyes, marked by fluid retention around the eyelid and under the eyes, can be the result of several different factors. The reasons can be simple, such as not getting enough sleep or eating too much salt. You can get rid of puffy eyes in a number of ways, from improving sleep or applying a cold compress to topical medications or cosmetic surgery.
The terms "puffy eyes" (sometimes called "bags under the eyes") and "puffy eyes" are sometimes used synonymously, but they refer to two different conditions. Puffy eyes are caused by an inflammatory reaction to an allergen, infection, or injury, while puffy eyes are soft, swollen eyelids due to water retention, lack of sleep, or genetic characteristics such as age-related or sagging. swollen eyelids.
Puffy eye symptoms
Puffy eyes can appear after one night, from eating certain foods or from crying. Puffy eyes, sometimes called periorbital edema or periorbital edema, are characterized by swelling under the eye, on the eyelid, or throughout the orbit, the bony socket that houses the eye.
Puffy eyes can also be accompanied by dark circles or bags under the eyes, as well as sagging or flabby skin.
The cause of your puffy eyes may be obvious. If you've cried, have allergies, or ate salty snacks the night before, the cause of your puffy eyes may be obvious. But this condition can also be the result of other reasons that are not so obvious.
Certain foods in your diet can cause puffy eyes. These foods and drinks inflame the tissues around your eyes by forcing your body to retain water. The most common culprit is salt or sodium . Foods and drinks that are high in sodium can cause fluid retention and bloating throughout the body. Sodium can be hidden in many foods you eat and you may not realize it; sodium doesn't always make the taste salty.
If you have puffy eyes, read food and drink labels carefully. Try to keep your sodium intake below 2,300 milligrams (about a teaspoon of table salt) a day, or even less if you have certain medical conditions.
Here are some foods and drinks that can hide sodium and retain water:
- Processed or packaged foods
- Fast food
- Alcoholic drinks
- Carbonated drinks
- Sauces and condiments
- Meat for lunch
The FDA offers guidance on how to find sodium on food labels and how to reduce sodium in your food. Here are some tips:
- Cook food from scratch.
- Eat less processed foods.
- Rinse some canned foods, like beans, to reduce sodium.
- Choose foods that are low in sodium, such as low sodium soy sauce.
- Limit serving sizes for salty foods.
Eye swelling can also cause allergies, including seasonal allergies and more serious allergic reactions. They can cause fluid to build up around the eyes and sinuses. Allergies can be caused by hay fever or a reaction to foods, chemicals, or other irritants or allergens.
Some common allergens include:
- The shape
- Pet dander
In addition to allergens, you also need to be careful when using certain topical treatments, such as cosmetics, creams, or chemicals around the eyes. These substances can cause irritation or even injury to the eyes. Be sure to wear safety glasses when spraying chemicals or other irritants, and be careful around cosmetics and tools like eyelash curlers.
You may have inherited a propensity for puffy eyes and dark circles from your family. If you have more than one family member with puffy eyes, it could even be a sign of a genetic disorder that causes puffy eyes.
With age, many parts of our body lose muscle tone, firmness and elasticity. Your eyes are no exception. The collagen in the skin, which gives it firmness and elasticity, diminishes with age. This occurs throughout the body, but in the delicate skin around the eyes, the loss of collagen may be more noticeable than in other areas.
The muscles around the eyes also age, leading to sagging of the tissues in this area. When tissues sag and become saggy, the layers of fat under those tissues can begin to swell and create a puffy appearance.
If you have trouble sleeping, you may notice puffy eyes the next morning. You may be irritated, have trouble concentrating, or lack energy. One study found that the people around you can tell if you are sleep deprived simply by looking at your face, especially your eyes. Other notable signs of sleep deprivation seen in the study include:
- Droopy eyelids
- Swelling around the eyes
- Dark circles under or around the eyes
Lower eyelid fat prolapse
Loss of fat from the lower eyelids is the main cause of inflammation of the lower eyelids. This condition occurs when the connective tissue has weakened as a result of aging or surgical trauma, and the fat around the eye socket can protrude and appear on the lower eyelids.
Medical conditions that cause puffy eyelids.
As mentioned above, puffy eyes and eyelids are different, and the latter can be a sign of an underlying medical condition, for example:
- Blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids)
- Chalazion (blockage of the gland at the base of the eyelashes)
- Conjunctivitis (inflammation or infection of the lining of the eyelids and the whites of the eyes)
- Diabetic retinopathy (complication of diabetes)
- Thyroid disease ( such as Graves disease )
- Hereditary angioedema (skin reaction that affects the deep layer of the skin)
- Orbital cellulitis (infection of the soft tissue and fat that keeps the eye in the orbit)
- Ophthalmic herpes (a disease caused by the herpes simplex virus that affects the cornea)
- Keratitis (inflammation of the cornea)
- Optic neuritis (inflammation of the optic nerve)
- Barley (inflammation caused by a blocked gland or follicle on the edge of the eyelid)
- Traumatic injury
- Uveitis (inflammation affecting the middle layer of tissue in the wall of the eye)
- Eye cancer
- Renal insufficiency
- Rosacea lymphedema or Morbihan syndrome (a late complication of rosacea or acne)
- Filler migration (when cosmetic eye fillers such as hyaluronic acid or fat are removed from the injection site)
Persistent or worsening puffy eyelids can lead to serious complications, including:
You should have a comprehensive eye exam if you have blurred vision, blurred vision, eye pain, floaters, or the feeling that something is stuck inside your eye .
Puffy eyes can usually be diagnosed with a physical exam. Your healthcare provider can:
- Ask him what creams or lotions he uses around his eyes.
- Ask about exposure to chemicals or other environmental pollutants.
- Discuss workplace hazards
- Check your allergy history
- Take a full story
- Perform a physical exam
If your healthcare provider thinks your eyelids are swollen and not your eyes, they may do additional tests to determine what is causing your symptoms.
If the swelling is due to exposure to an allergen, pollutant, or injury, a physical examination with standard vision testing instruments may be sufficient. However, if the cause of your swollen eyelids is less obvious, your doctor may need to perform other tests, including:
- Blood tests to check electrolytes and kidney or liver function.
- Blood test for inflammatory processes.
- Imaging tests such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Puffy eyes are usually harmless and do not require treatment, but there are ways to minimize puffiness and improve the appearance of your eyes. Depending on the cause, you can completely get rid of puffy eyes.
There are several strategies you can try at home to alleviate or remove puffiness and shadows under your eyes, including:
- Using a cold compress: Dampen a clean cloth with cold water and apply it to your eyes for a few minutes, applying gentle pressure. Do this while sitting upright.
- Keeping allergies under control: Avoid allergy triggers whenever possible. Also, talk to your doctor about allergy medications.
Lifestyle changes can also help reduce puffiness around the eyes, for example:
- Diet changes: Avoid drinking fluids before bed and limit salt intake. It can help reduce fluid retention at night, which can lead to bags under the eyes.
- Quit Smoking: Smoking can contribute to a faster loss of collagen. This makes the delicate skin under the eyes even thinner and the blood vessels more visible.
- Rash: Most experts recommend getting seven to nine hours of sleep a day. Also sleep with your head slightly raised. This will help prevent fluid build-up around the eyes during sleep. Support the headboard a few inches or just add an extra pillow.
If your eye swelling is caused by allergies or irritation, you can try over-the-counter antihistamines. You can also consult an allergist to find out exactly what you are allergic to. Some allergic reactions can be life-threatening and you should seek immediate medical attention if you have trouble breathing or swallowing.
Non-surgical cosmetic procedures
In addition to cosmetics, there are a number of non-invasive treatments that can help with puffy eyes or bags, such as lasers. grinding. This treatment uses a laser, an intense beam of light that removes the superficial layers of wrinkled skin in the area under the eyes and stimulates the growth of new collagen, resulting in firmer skin. Results can last for years, depending on skin type and sun exposure.
The injectable antibiotic doxycycline or tetracycline is believed to help with non-invasive fat loss from the lower eyelid.
If you've tried all of these solutions but they're still not enough, surgical procedures may be an option. Each surgical procedure carries its own set of risks. You should talk to your doctor if surgery is right for you.
Blepharoplasty is a lower eyelid tightening procedure. This is usually done on an outpatient basis under local or general anesthesia. The surgeon corrects the fat in the lower part of the eye and tightens the muscles and skin to create a smoother appearance during this surgery.
Get the word of drug information
Puffy eyes can be caused by a number of factors, from lack of sleep to excess sodium in the body and genetics. If you've tried home remedies and your puffy eyes don't go away, you may want to see your doctor for a closer examination to make sure you don't have puffy eyelids, which could be a sign of a more serious medical condition. . terms.
While puffy eyes are annoying, they are generally not life threatening. They also don't require treatment if you don't want to improve the appearance of your eyes.
There are many options, including over-the-counter products, lifestyle changes, and surgical procedures, that can help you lift and strengthen the tissues around your eyes. Talk to your doctor if puffy eyes are a persistent problem or if you have any changes in your vision.