Prenatal vitamins : value types A and side effects

In the form of vitamins , containing special formulations of essential vitamins and minerals , such as folic acid ( folate ) , calcium and iron , their loading body needs more development .baby

Do you try to conceive or simply find out that you are pregnant, vitamins, also known as food additives for pregnant women,They can complete the help in any nutrient lagoon of your diet to help support healthy pregnancy.

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You started buying prenatal additives, you know there are many options for choice can take too much or too much certain nutrients,Depending on your health and needs history.

Before stocking of prenatal vitamins and nutritional supplements, consult your doctor, medical professional or midwife to determine the best option for you.

Meanwhile , discover why prenatal vitamins are important , several types to choose from and how to deal with possible side effects.

When taking vitamins for pregnant women

Although the term is prenatal (that is, before birth) you can make sounds, as if these supplements just have to take during pregnancy,For your child’s health and health, you must perfectly take vitamins for pregnant women, at least a month before conception, during pregnancy and after childbirth during breastfeeding.


Previous vitamins help ensure that nutrients from your body are needed to keep it healthy throughout pregnancy and maintain the correct growth and development ofyour child.

Along with nutritional diets and regular exercises ( OK if you have your health care provider ) , prenatal additives can increase your chances of creating an ideal environment for a growing baby .

Additives folic acids are particularly important to reduce the risk of defects developing nervous tube ( NTD ) . These are serious problems associated with the development of the nervous tube Babys , the predecessor of the head and spinal cord .For this reason, everything is possible to start taking prenatal vitamins that contain folic acid at least one month before attempting to conceive .

In fact, because babys nervous tube develops during the first month of pregnancyBefore many people even pregnant sabeEllas ,the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists ( ACOG ) encourage all women of childbearing age to take folic acid regularly to reduce NTD .

If you want a high NTD risk due to family history SPINA BIFIDA or certain anti-epileptic medications by Example, you will want to start taking more folic acid even before in the ACOG.


The damn vitamins come in the form of tablets, capsules, beeps and liquids that can be organic or vegan.You can buy many prenatal vitamins , although some are available only with a prescription from your doctor.

No one : size is to accommodate all prenatal supplements, and can damage your health or your baby , taking a number inadequacy of some vitamins sintéticas.Nuevamente , be sure to consult with your doctor before bring your own.

Most prenatal vitamins contain these nutrients to support the health and development of the baby.

Folic acid

folic acid ( folate ) helps reduce the risk of neural tube defects such as spina bifida.People trying to imagine should take 400 to 800 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid daily through diet and additions to the least one month before becoming pregnant .

Those who are most at risk should take NTDS 4000 mcg of folic acid per day for a month before becoming pregnant and during the first three months of pregnancy at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) .

CDC recommends that all reproductive age take 400 mcg of folic acid daily to prevent NTD . Many multiple names contain this amount of folic acid, but it is important to check the specific vitamins .Extraction prenatal vitamins contain 800 mcg of folic acid. Iron

iron > provides building blocks needed for red blood cells that deliver oxygen to your growing child .During pregnancy , you need 27 milligrams ( mg ) of iron per day (almost twice the recommended intake for women who are not pregnant ) .


Calcio helps maintain bone density before, since your child uses a mineral to grow and develop. You need 1000 mg of calcium per day (or 1300 mg if it is 18 or less). Prenatal vitamins generally contain 200 mg at 300 mg as an additive to your diet to achieve your daily needs. Other vitamins and minerals

Some types of prenatal vitamins may also include following vitamins and minerals :

  • docosahahexaeonoion acid ( DHA ) such omega-3 fatty acids supports the development of your brain for brain and eyes.
  • iodine : This mineral supports the development of your brain and nervous system negotiated during pregnancy, you need 220 μg of iodine every day.
  • Choline : this is the key nutrient for their children to develop the brain The dorsal and rejection of these people recommended that you are pregnant , obtained 450 mg per day .
  • VITAMIN A: This vitamin helps to form a healthy skin, eyes and bones and participates in the immune function. Health provider recommends that you get 770 mcg every day (or 750 μg, if you are 18 years old).
  • Vitamin C : This vitamin keeps healthy gums, teeth and bones. You need 85 mg each day, every day (or 80 mg, if you are 18 or less).
  • Vitamin D : This vitamin also helps your child becomes again Grow and teeth. People who are pregnant with 600 international units (UI) per day.

The optimal balance of vitamins and minerals may vary depending on the history of health, the Diet and nutrition requirements.Therefore, talk with your health care provider before choosing a type of prenatal additive on the other.

Side effects

Unfortunately , prenatal vitamins can be supplied with side effects ,some of which ( confused ) are also common side effects of pregnancy such as nausea and constipation.

If you experience side effects, taking prenatal vitamins , contact your health care provider .You can try another brand or type of additive or configure when and how to take them to weaken side effects.

The most common source of side effects on prenatal additive is iron, which can cause constipation and other side effects of intestinal gastrointestinaltracto ,Including:

  • nausea
  • melloween
  • stomach pain or cinema belly
  • diarrhea
  • black or stupid stools

If you can not configure the intrinsic or intrinsic supplement,Your doctor may advise you to make changes to your lifestyle so that your digestive system back again.The following can help relieve constipation times: / P>

  • Drink more water
  • Add more food to your Volokonnobogaty diet as the integral cereals,Fruits and vegetables
  • include movement or exercise into your daily routine
  • Consider soften chair

    Follow the signs of an allergic reaction .

    Call your doctor immediately if you experience symptoms of an allergic reaction on the skin, such as high blows or urticaria, itching, redness, swelling or cracked, peeling or skin decorace .

    If you are trying to conceive or just discovered she is pregnant , it is normal to test the waves of so many different emotions , fear , fear, sadness , joy and more.

    Now, one of the best things you can do for you and your child to communicate with your doctor as soon as possible to find out the following steps to determine the best vitamins or supplements for you.

    Along with a healthy diet and a sample lifestyle, a prenatal addition can give your body to your body everything you need to support it and your child developing throughout the pregnancy and the first days of paternity .

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