Psychotic disorders: review and much more.


Psychotic disorders are a mental illness characterized by violations of relations with reality, generally with relevant changes in behavior.There are several different psychotic disorders, and each of them has the diagnostic criteria described in the fifth edition of the ‘diagnostic guidelines and statistics for mental disorders’ (DSM-5).

Psychotic disorders can be very disturbing, affecting the quality of life of people and the ability to stay to keep themselves.However, most of these conditions can be controlled with medications and therapy.

If you or the favorite diagnostic psychotic disorder, it is important that you support consistent psychiatric assistance to help reduce the impact of your disorder in your life.

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Types of psychotic disorders

Different types of psychological disorders :

  • Schizophrenia : Schizophrenia is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganization, behavior and unusual production.
  • SWORNCHAFTANT : Schozoan disorder is characterized by a combination of psychotic characteristics and symptoms of mood.
  • Schizophheresiform infherordion : Schizophrenoid disorder is characterized by the symptoms of schizophrenia, long-term more than a month and less than six months.
  • A loan disorder : This condition is characterized by delusions without other symptoms that are visible in schizophrenia.
  • Brief Psychotic Disorder : This condition is characterized by an episode of psychotic behavior that lasts less than a month.
  • Psychotic disorder caused by psychotic disease ‘>: The short and long term consequences of some medications, such as LSD, can cause symptoms of psychosis.
  • Psychotic disorder due to medical condition : Medical conditions can cause temporary or long-term psychosis.

Symptoms of psychotic disorders

Psychotic disorders are characterized by the loss of contact with reality characterized by changed thought, perception and behavior.

Often, people who have psychotic disorders also show behavioral symptoms. Symptoms of psychotic disorders are often characterized as positive or negative.Positive symptoms include hallucinations, errors and disorganization. Negative symptoms include behavior, such as the output of others and reduced emotional expression.

Many psychotic disorders are a disease of life of a lifetime, often starting during the early explosion. They can progress or stabilize over time.However, some psychotic disorders are limited in their duration, however, they can solve it.


HALECLESATIONS – FALSE SENSORIAL EXPERIENCES.Visual hallucinations are the most common (see things that are not real) or auditory hallucinations (listen to voices that are not real). No false sensations, such as smell, taste or touch, are less common to psychotic disorders, but They can occur.

Aluccinations can occur periodically, and can follow the subject, such as repeatedly listening to the voices, giving commands or seeing a certain type of animal or a person who is not really there.


Sealing False beliefs are solved.Often, with psychotic disorders, the misconceptions include the feeling of persecution and the conviction that people participate in sabotage or harm a person who is criminal.

Sometimes delusions are ambitious, and a person may believe that they have supernatural or superhuman forces, or who have a special designation that others can not understand.

It is not unusual for those who have a psychotic disorder to experience ambitious erroneous concepts along with the deception of persecution.

A person who has a psychotic disorder can share some details of their delusions with several trusted people,But you can bother that everything is in conspiracy or can avoid talking about beliefs in an attempt to protect your.

Behavior symptoms

Some of the behavior effects of psychotic disorders include A conversation about incoherent, erroneous or strange behavior, agitation and anxiety.

The negative symptoms of psychotic disorders can include apathy, conclusion, lack of emotional expressions and there is no self-learning.Negative symptoms are generally not as destructive as hallucinations and erroneous concepts, and can remain unnoticed by family and friends, and even a person who is experiencing them.

The key characteristic of psychotic disorders is that a person can have a lack of understanding of their sensuality, believing their hallucinations or errors to be true, and may not be perceived that behavioral manifestations are unusual.


Psychotic disorders can lead to lack of self-service. It can make a person neglected such things like food, changing clothes and / or bath.

A person who has a psychotic disorder can not seek medical help for symptoms, such as pain or discomfort, and this can allow physical problems that worsen the ability of complican infections, injuries or medical illnesses .Medical problems can aggravate the symptoms of psychotic state. / P>

People who have a psychotic condition can experience suicide (think about suicide) or maybe suicide .


Psychotic conditions have a strong genetic component. They are more often among people who have one or more members of the family with a psychotic disorder.However, a person can develop one of these conditions without having a family history, and a person who has family members with psychotic disorders does not necessarily develop one.

Specific genes that participate in psychotic disorders are not completely installed. Psychotic disorders are associated with brain dysfunction and neurotransmitter.It is believed that the violation of the dopamine and the , among other things, plays a role in these conditions.

Some psychotic disorders are associated with the atrophy brain (reduced) in certain parts of the brain , such as frontal and / or temporary actions. Sometimes, you can increase Brain ventricles.And the presence of some antibodies is also associated with psychotic disorders, but the general meaning of immune dysfunction in psychotic disorders is not clear.


The diagnosis of psychotic disorders is based on the set of criteria that are used for each of these conditions.The criteria generally include a list of thoughts, behavior and duration of symptoms.It is possible to form a certain amount or a combination of clinical criteria to have a certain amount or a combination of clinical criteria, not necessarily all.

If you get a medical evaluation for a possible psychotic disorder, your healthcare provider can discuss your symptoms with you and you can also listen to the Friends and family that you have with you during the evaluation.

Your health care provider will also ask about your medical and psychiatric history, any tension that is maintained, drugs or recreational preparations you take, and your family is medical and psychiatric history.

Some of the symptoms of psychotic disorders occur due to other medical, neurological and psychological conditions.If your evaluation does not meet the criteria of psychotic disorder and / or there is a concern that you can also have another medical condition, you may have more diagnostic testing.

There is no blood tests or visualization tests that are considered indicative or that can confirm psychotic disorders. However, diagnostic tests can be used for the other possible causes of symptoms.

Diagnostic tests that may include:

These tests can help determine if there are other reasons for your symptoms.For example, a cerebral tumor, which can be identified with the studies of the brain visualization, can cause visual hallucinations.

Encephalitis (brain infection), which can be identified with the display of the brain or LP, can cause changes in behavior.Some types of liver disease can lead to changes in mental states that may seem similar psychotic disorders.


The treatment of psychotic disorder is adapted to the basic state and may include a combination of prescription drugs and advice.It can be prescribed one or more antipsychotic medications, and can also prescribe a medicament for the treatment of mood disorder if it is present.

It is likely that your doctor will also recommend that you be advice or psychotherapy as part of your treatment plan for your psychotic disorder.

Medications used to treat psychotic disorders include typical neuroleptics and atypical antipsychotic medications, medications in both categories can control symptoms, and your health care provider will work with you,To determine what it may be better to manage your condition.

Some typical antipsychotics include:

  • haldol (haloperidol)
  • prolixin (flphnazine)
  • navane (thioticsis)
  • Meliotine (Thiuridazine)
  • Stelcin (trifluorozine)

Side effectsMore common of these drugs Somnolence. Typical antipsychotics are associated with the help of extrapyramid side effects of > themes, spasms, muscle rigidity and reduced motion control.Side effects can decrease with drug adjustments, but sometimes extrapyramidal symptoms are maintained even after the medication stops.

Some atypical antipsychotics include:

  • Abilify (aripography)
  • Risperdal (Risperidona)
  • Zypreexa
  • Seroquel (quetypine)

Atypicallos antipsychotic noThey are as side effects of probabilizable assets such as typical antipsychotics. They can lead to side effects, including constipation, drowsiness, weight gain, high cholesterol levels and a decrease in gender unit.

can have episodes, during which the effects of its psychotic state deteriorate significantly, require treatment of patients. During this time it will be safe, and your medications can be adjusted.Any other medical problem you have (for example, infection).

Life with a psychotic disorder can be difficult.It is possible that it has oscillations in your symptoms, and you can experience side effects of your medications.

For you, it can be difficult to keep up with employment, and your relationships and social life can also be affected.Social stigma can affect your life and the lives of family members.

How does it face your condition, it is important that you know that your psychotic disorder is not that you or another person call it? It is a disease, like any other medical condition.You can consider some approaches that can help you face your condition to optimize the quality of life.

Advice / Therapy

Check your psychotic disease should not be stopped with control of symptoms.You may have problems or concerns about your condition. Split with a professional therapist or with your psychiatrist about any feeling you have about your condition can help you.

Join the support group

Sometimes, interact with others that happen for the same thing that happens, help you To feel less just. Be sure to give you the opportunity to find a group that makes you feel comfortable.

Some support groups are moderated by a professional, and you can find a moderate group professionally to be a good group type for you. .When you think that time is correct, it can also be a valuable source of support for others seeking hope and camaraderie.

Family / Community

How much should you share about your condition depends on you? But since psychotic diseases are They characterize for the perceptions of reality changed,For you it would be useful for you if you can talk about your condition with one or more people with whom you trust. You can get help for you if your symptoms deteriorate or if you need urgent medical care.

Support for Guardian

Psychiatric disorders affect the quality of life of people who experience them, as well as family life, friends and loved ones.

If you are part of your life shows the symptoms of a psychotic disorder or was diagnosed with psychotic disease, the state can cause a disaster for you to refuse

Even if you want to save the relationships with your parent,Native brother, a spouse, a child or a friend who suffers from psychozob, it is possible that he does not know the best thing to do when they have a psychotic disorder.

Communication with someone with whom you care when you are not in contact with reality can be overwhelming, and you may not know how much your erroneous concepts or hallucinations should discuss.

It may be important that you are looking for professional guidelines as you focus on the problems that your close-ups can be represented in your own life, and do not try to restore the wheel and learn to do it yourself yourself yourself .

Consider finding professional advice or therapy and / or joining the support group so you can learn how to manage your relationship and how to participate in your game in the way it works best for you.

You and the person who interests you can also decide that you can accompany them to your medical appointments and / or help them, as they administer your medical and psychiatric care.

You should also make sure that you or another family member, a member of the family or guardian understands the signs of an emergency that may require emergency medical care, has a plan in a place for medical care of Emergency at once,If it is necessary to reject

The word of the Meds information received

You can have an emotional and physically healthy life if you live with a psychotic disorder.This is due to the maintenance of the psychiatric and medical care assistant.

Because understanding can be violated in a psychotic disease, it can be difficult to know when your symptoms will be repeated or when medicine configurations are needed.Having a routine to take your medications and meet in your medical appointments, can help in this process.

The community support structure of the family, friends and health team can help optimize the quality of human life that lives with psychotic disease.

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