Pureed diet: benefits and how it works

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A pureed diet is a modified texture diet in which all foods have a smooth consistency similar to that of a pudding. This diet is often recommended for people who are unable to eat solid foods due to health problems or injuries that interfere with normal chewing or digestion .

The goal of a pureed diet is to provide a variety of foods that meet your nutritional needs to help you heal and prevent any degree of malnutrition. Compared to a liquid diet, a pureed diet provides more variety of nutrients and fiber. This means that it is safe to take longer than a liquid diet .

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Advantage

Since ground foods do not need to be chewed, they are easier to swallow and digest. It can serve as a bridge between a liquid diet and your regular diet while you recover from illness or surgery, helping you prevent weight loss and keeping you healthy until you can eat well.

It can also be a long-term solution if, for various reasons, you cannot tolerate or control the consumption of solid foods.

Some of the more common reasons to use puree in your diet include:

Eating well is important to maintaining good health at any age. If you recently had surgery or an injury to your mouth and are unable to follow your normal diet, the nutrients you get from a pureed diet are especially important to your recovery.

Research on the role of nutrition in patients undergoing oral surgery shows that poor nutrition can delay wound healing, increase the risk of infection, and even compromise your immune system. All forms of textured diets, including mashed potatoes, can help prevent complications from poor nutrition .

How does it work

Most foods can be blended if cooked properly and with a good blender or food processor. This means that you can still eat most of the foods you like, although some ground foods may taste better than others.

Foods like pudding or yogurt that are already the right consistency for this diet are good options. Food just needs to be soft enough, not necessarily pureed.

Duration

In most cases, a pureed diet is followed for a short time until you can chew and digest solid foods normally. You should follow a pureed diet until your healthcare provider gives you permission to switch to a bland or regular diet.

If your doctor advises you to follow a pureed diet for a long time, it is most likely for safety reasons (for example, to reduce the risk of choking on food). It is important to follow these instructions.

Recommended time

You don't have to eat on time. However, if you find that pureed meals are filling you up or are finding it difficult to finish eating in one sitting, it may help to eat five or six small meals a day, rather than three large ones.

What is it

Compatible Products

  • Fruit: any cooked and pureed; juices or nectar without pulp; coba

  • Vegetables: boiled and mashed; mashed potatoes or beaten sweet potatoes; pulpless vegetable juices

  • Cereals: pasta or pureed rice; wheat / rice puree; partner; oatmeal puree

  • Dairy products: milk; smooth yogurts without fruit pieces; cottage cheese puree; ice cream or frozen yogurt; custard or pudding; whipped cream

  • Meat, fish and eggs: any meat, fish or egg, pureed with liquid, sauce or sauce.

  • Legumes: mild bean sauces or hummus silk puree or tofu

  • Fats: olive oil; butter; avocado puree; sauce; sour cream

  • Soups

  • Desserts: jelly; Fruit ice cream; fruit ice; shakes or frappe

  • Drinks or supplements that replace liquid foods.

  • Herbs, spices, or soft / liquid seasonings (eg, ketchup, barbecue sauce, mustard)

  • Any drink

Incompatible products

  • Fruit: Any fruit, cooked whole or soft, that must be chewed.

  • Vegetables: all vegetables, cooked whole or soft, that must be chewed.

  • Cereals: All other grains that cannot be ground to a uniform consistency.

  • Dairy products: yogurt with pieces of fruit or mixed foods; hard cheese; cottage cheese

  • Meat, fish and other proteins: very tough cuts of meat that cannot be minced until soft; hard-boiled or scrambled eggs

  • Nuts and seeds: all hard nuts, seeds, and coconut.

  • Legumes: baked beans; Any cooked legumes that need to be chewed. rhythm; baked tofu

  • Desserts: any other that must be chewed.

  • Condiments with particulate matter (eg, Condiments, jam, sauce)

A pureed diet can be varied, but some foods may be easier to chop or blend more smoothly than others. Each type of food needs its own approach.

Fruits

All fruits will soften when cooked, but it will be easier to achieve a softer consistency if you peel them first (like apples). Before eating fruit with seeds, such as berries, or any fruit with a hard shell, such as oranges or grapefruits, be sure to dry them with a strainer to remove any particulate matter.

Soft bags of applesauce or fruit puree are helpful when you want a quick snack without cooking or mixing.

Vegetables

Make sure to peel veggies from their tough skin and always rub veggies with seeds or strands through a strainer before eating.

Plant-based baby foods, which come in soft jars or bags, can be helpful to keep on hand, but be sure to buy food specifically for babies, as baby foods are often thicker and / or shorter.

Dairy products

If you need extra calories, choose fatty dairy products like whole milk or yogurt. Greek yogurt contains approximately 20 grams of protein per 6-ounce serving, making it a good way to increase your intake of this important nutrient.

Meat and fish

Softer meats like chicken, fish, and ground beef are easier to puree. You can add sauce, broth, or cream sauce to make them softer. Make sure to push the meat or fish through a strainer to remove any tough chunks.

Vegetables

All legumes are rich in fiber and protein. Also, they are very easy to grind. Silken tofu is very smooth and makes a good base for creamy desserts or soups. Peanut butter (or other peanut butter) is smooth enough to be mashed, but be careful if you have trouble swallowing due to its thickness.

Liquid meal substitutes

Try to keep foods like Guaranteed, Carnation Instant Breakfast, or Boost available for times when you don't feel like cooking or need to be away from home.

Another easy-to-make and nutritious meal replacement is smoothies. Just mix milk, water, or juice with any fruit, green leafy vegetables, a scoop of protein powder, and a scoop of peanut or avocado butter for a complete meal.

Herbs and spices

In general, they can be used. However, be careful with cayenne pepper and other hot spices or condiments if you have mouth or tongue sores, as they can be irritating.

Avoid anything particularly stringy or frayed if you cannot remove the fibers and seeds. Further enhance the flavor and consistency of the puree by adding mayonnaise, sauce, or gravy.

Cooking tips

When preparing pureed foods, cook meats, vegetables, and grains until very tender. Wet cooking methods, such as stewing or stewing in liquid, can help add more moisture to meats and vegetables and make them easier to puree.

Put tougher foods (such as meat, chicken) in a blender or food processor along with some liquid, such as milk, juice, meat, or vegetable broth, and grind until smooth. Then add the lightly cooked veggies and grains as desired and puree again. You can also puree (and eat) each food separately.

All products must be absolutely soft, such as pudding, very smooth mashed potatoes, or a consistency of hummus. It is important that they do not have lumps or lumps of solid food if you have problems chewing or swallowing. If you want, you can add more slimming liquid.

When preparing your favorite soups, be sure to stir or strain hard vegetables, noodles, or meats.

Modifications

As long as you can eat puree from your regular diet, you do not need to make any changes to this diet. However, if you've had surgery, your healthcare provider may recommend increasing your protein intake slightly to aid healing.

Also, if you have any health problems that may affect your nutritional status, it is important to speak with a nutritionist before switching to puree. They can help you change your intake of calories, protein, or other nutrients.

Considerations

General nutrition

The pureed diet should closely match the 2020-2025 USDA Dietary Guidelines. This means you should be based on nutrient-dense whole foods and include a variety of food groups, including adequate servings of fruits and vegetables.

While the goal of a pureed diet is to provide the same or similar calories and nutrients as your regular diet, research shows that a pureed diet can provide fewer calories and macronutrients, including protein.

In a study from Chile that compared the nutritional value of different texture-modified diets in one hospital, researchers found a significant difference between a pureed diet and a regular homemade diet .

They measured calories and macronutrients on three different days and found that mashed potatoes had 31% fewer calories, 45% less protein, and 41% less fat than the regular diet.

If you need to go on a puree diet for a while, be sure to keep an eye on your weight. If you notice weight or muscle loss, you may want to consider adding additional sources of protein, such as legumes, tofu, or protein powder, to your meals, and replacing high-calorie foods like heavy cream or whole milk yogurt. for low calories. fat. yogurt.

Sustainability

The acceptability of pureed foods is probably the most common complaint when it comes to pureed diets. Some differences in texture, especially in meat, can affect your perception of the taste of food.

Obviously, adherence to the diet is medically necessary. To keep things simple, you can try different foods and serving methods.

  • Food molds that mimic the shape of food in front of the puree are designed to enhance the palate. However, research shows that most people prefer mashed potatoes served in separate spoons rather than molded. See what works best for you.
  • You may prefer pureed soup to solid foods. Adjustment is easy – just add extra broth to the blender.

Also keep in mind that adding extra herbs and spices can make a big difference to the taste of your dishes.

Practic sense

A pureed diet should be easy to follow when eating at home. However, if you are eating out, you may need to bring your own meals or request specially prepared meals if possible. If you are away from home for a short time, you can skip foods like yogurt, applesauce, or creamy soups.

You may also consider purchasing a personal blender, a bottle-sized portable sports device that allows you to blend food on the go.

Flexibility

Any food that can be mixed together is fair game on a pureed diet, so in that sense, there can be a world of flexibility with a pureed diet. However, this also means that you are limited in what you can eat in terms of prepared foods.

The best advice for making a pureed diet simple and flexible is to plan ahead. Cook and prepare as much as possible ahead of time.

Prepare several batches of fruits, vegetables, meats, and grains and place them in freezer containers so all you have to do is defrost, heat, and puree. Similarly, you can put your smoothie ingredients in a bag and freeze them, so all you have to do is mix and you're done.

Expenses

The only additional cost associated with a pureed diet is a good blender if you don't already have one. You may prefer a full-size blender because mixing meats or large portions of food into a small one can be difficult.

If you are on a budget for a high speed blender, compare the specs to the ones you are looking at. Some of them will also get hot during mixing, which is very convenient and can save you cooking time.

Get the word of drug information

A pureed diet is generally followed out of necessity, not choice. Since the diet itself (along with any associated health problems) can affect your nutritional status, it is important to consult with a dietitian or your healthcare provider to determine your personal goals and needs, especially if you need to follow a pureed diet. for any period.

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