Could your daughter or another young woman in your life have autism ? The answer may not be as obvious as if you had a child. This is because the symptoms of autism in girls and women are not the same as in boys and men. They are easy to miss, especially in the case of high-functioning autism.
This article provides an opportunity to look at some of the signs and symptoms that may indicate that autism is or has been a reality in girls' lives. It also explains why these signs can be missed and what to do next.
Why girls can underestimate
Some girls with autism have clear symptoms, such as self-stimulating (stimulating) behaviors or severe speech and language problems. Their cognitive or social communication problems are obvious and are usually referred for help and diagnosed at a young age.
But autism in girls, whose symptoms are subtle or whose intelligence allows them to mask the symptoms, can only be found in adolescence or adolescence. This may be partly the fault of our culture, as many girls are expected to be calmer and less assertive than boys.
This means that a girl who seems shy and withdrawn can be seen as "feminine", while a boy with the same behavior is considered different in terms of treatment. Similarly, a girl who seems "slow" and disinterested is often called a "dreamer" in a positive sense, but the same behavior helps children with autism.
Girls are also diagnosed with autism, but the signs are harder to see than boys. One of the reasons may be the difference in what society expects of them. When a girl seems shy or emotional about something she can't handle, it seems like 'typical' girl behavior. Instead, the patterns may indicate autism.
Signs that may indicate autism in girls
The symptom alone is not enough to suggest autism. Also, although some of the symptoms clear up as the girl grows older, she may look back and find that they were true from childhood.
Remember, the symptoms of autism must be severe enough to limit your daily life. In other words, if a girl has one or two symptoms of autism, but is well adjusted and successful, she is unlikely to have autism. Here are some of the signs of autism in girls.
- She relies on other children (usually girls) to guide and speak for her during the school day.
- Has passionate but limited interests. They are very narrow and limited. For example, a girl with autism may talk endlessly about television show characters, places, props, or actors, but knows little or nothing about the show itself.
- It is unusually sensitive to sensory problems such as loud noises, bright lights, or strong smells. This symptom is as common in boys as it is in girls.
- Your conversation is limited to topics of interest to you . He may share his attention to a particular interest with you, but he cares little about the other person's reaction. This can prevent you from joining groups or making friends.
- She has a low level of frustration and finds it difficult to control her feelings when she is disappointed. You may have "nervous breakdowns" that are not appropriate for your age. This can disrupt school operations or lead to detention or even suspension when restrictions are imposed by teachers and other adults.
- You have a high degree of depression, anxiety, or a bad mood . These are not unique symptoms of autism, but they are associated with both mood disorders and obsessive compulsive disorder .
There are other symptoms that may seem ingrained in the girl's personality or in her relationships with others. These can also be subtle but overlooked signs of autism in girls. They include:
- It is difficult for him to make and keep friends. When it comes to nonverbal social cues, it may seem like you have no idea. You can also find it difficult to "fit in" in everything from the way the girls around you behave to their hairstyles and fashion choices.
- At school and in other social situations, she is called "quiet" or "shy." This does not happen in all cases of autism. But language issues can make it difficult to talk to friends, raise your hand in class, or respond quickly on social media.
- She is unusually passive . Some people with autism are quite assertive. However, passive behavior is rewarded for how well they do in school, but it doesn't always work. This could be a sign that you don't know what to do or say and have taken the safest route of doing or talking as little as possible.
- As a teenager, she seems to develop quite normally, but as a teenager, it becomes increasingly difficult for her to communicate with people. Girls with high-functioning autism can find ways to disguise it and deal with it early on. But once social expectations become more complex in early adolescence, the problem becomes clear.
- You have epileptic seizures. One study found that epilepsy is more common among girls with autism than boys.
If you notice some of these problems and they don't go away over time, they can prevent the girl from developing. You may want to be surveyed or evaluated by a panel of professional autism experts.
There are similarities, but autism in girls and autism in boys don't always look the same. This may not be noticed in girls until the late teens or early teens, when it becomes more difficult for a boy to "cover up" his autism problems.
If these symptoms appear or begin to accumulate in a girl's life and you decide to seek help, be sure to seek out a healthcare professional with experience working with girls on the autism spectrum.
Get the word of drug information
If you are caring for a woman with autism, it is important to know that there is a wide range of treatments available. Depending on your needs and concerns, you may have to make decisions about the school.
Individualized plans for people with special needs can help in many public schools. You can also go for a private or charter option because autistic girls are often better able to handle small conditions.