Skin Health Guide

Good skin care doesn't have to be difficult. It consists of three main steps: cleaning, hydration and sun protection.

So why are you often overwhelmed by commercials that claim their lotions will improve your skin so much? Are you scratching your head confused when choosing skin care products? If yes, then you are not alone.

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In fact, a study by the National Consumer League (NCL) and Harris Interactive found that six out of 10 consumers are unsure of the effectiveness and / or safety of these products.

The good news is that washing your face doesn't have to be 10 steps and you don't have to spend a lot of money to fill up your first aid kit. The simple truth is that good skin care involves the following steps:

  1. Cleansing the skin to safely remove dirt, chemicals, and toxins.
  2. Moisturizer to hydrate and revitalize the skin.
  3. Apply sunscreen to protect the skin from harmful UV rays.

Cleaning basics

Most of us know that cleanliness is an important part of good skin care. The cleanser is designed to surround, loosen, and facilitate the removal of dirt, debris, germs, and excess oil from the skin's surface. However, some cleaners are better than others. In fact, it can have harmful effects on the skin.

Some people, for example, can develop dry skin as a result of daily cleaning. They can only believe that their skin is clean when it feels tight and "crunchy" after washing. As a result, they get used to the appearance of bumps on the back of the hands, itching in winter, or an uneven dull complexion.

So the question is, how do you know which type of cleaner is right for you? The first step is to understand your options.

  • Bar soap is the most common cleanser, but generally causes the most irritation.
  • Liquid cleaners have a wide range of tolerances, but they often produce greasiness.
  • Facial cleansers are some of the gentlest cleansers out there, but they cannot remove all grease and dirt.

The bottom line is that when it comes to choosing a cleanser, start with the gentlest option possible. You just need to remove dirt, debris, and excess oil without stripping your skin's natural moisture.

Non-lathering facial cleansers are considered the gentlest, while facial scrubs offer the most to remove dirt and dead skin. While some liquid cleansers do their job well, be wary of any ingredients (like soybean oil or petroleum jelly) that can leave your skin greasy. Syndet soap is one of the mildest bar soap options out there, as are some "extra fat" bar soap.

Hydration basics

Hydration is an important step in good skin care. The right moisturizer will prevent dry skin from cracking, thickening, and flaking. The best options usually include a combination of ingredients that:

  • Replenish skin to help maintain its natural texture, pH balance, and more.
  • Reduces Free Radical Damage
  • Helps skin cells function normally

Older moisturizers were generally water-wax mixtures that worked by trapping water on the surface of the skin (often creating an unnatural sensation of smoothness). In contrast, the newer modern moisturizers are made with ingredients designed to replenish the skin's natural moisture, including:

  • Glycerin, which helps water and other moisturizing ingredients , generally penetrates the outermost layer of the skin.
  • Ceramides that help replenish the natural oils of the skin.
  • Hydroxy acids that help exfoliate dead skin cells.
  • Niacinamide, which helps the skin produce natural oils and can reverse some of the signs of sun damage.

Choosing the best moisturizer depends on your skin type (dry, oily, normal, sensitive) and any skin conditions (such as acne, rosacea, eczema , or atopic dermatitis).

If you have skin problems, don't rely on product labels or salon advice to make your choice. Consult a dermatologist who can advise you on products that are suitable for both your beauty and skin care.

The basics of sun protection

The last step in a good skincare program is often the most overlooked. Sunscreen is a must-have for any daily health routine today.

Excessive exposure to ultraviolet light can damage the skin (including sunburn and photoaging) and increase the risk of skin cancer . And it's not just about avoiding sunburn or long walks outside. Damages can occur in everyday life, even when walking from home to the car or sitting by a sunny window. Each exposure can accumulate over the years, causing wrinkles and dark spots (or, in the worst case, skin melanomas).

There are several factors to consider when choosing a sunscreen:

  • SPF (sun protection factor)
  • Whether it's sunscreen every day or outdoors
  • Does it contain a moisturizer that can help prevent skin from drying out?

It is also important to understand the UV index when choosing. The index can vary from day to day or region to region, with a higher index indicating a product with a higher SPF.

Even after applying sunscreen, it is important to avoid overexposure and cover those parts of the body that are prone to sunburn. It's also important to reapply sunscreen if you're swimming or sweating a lot.

You have worked hard to take care of your skin by cleansing and hydrating it. Do not remove it by leaving it in the sun. Find a good broad spectrum sunscreen and make it part of your daily routine, like brushing your teeth. If you need more advice, make an appointment with a dermatologist or esthetician .

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