Sore Throat: An Overview and More

A sore throat, often referred to as pharyngitis by healthcare professionals, is often caused by inflammation and swelling of the tissues in the throat (pharynx) due to infection or inflammation.

Viral infections like the common cold or flu are the most common causes , but there may be others, such as acid reflux, allergies, and overuse of the vocal cords. Most of the time, viral sore throats require sedatives until they go away, but other causes, such as a sore throat , require treatment to prevent associated complications.

Get Medical Information / Emily Roberts

Sore throat symptoms

Most people with angina pectoris have other symptoms as well. Depending on the cause, you may experience symptoms ranging from pain and scratching to swelling and difficulty swallowing. Pain and discomfort can occur only when swallowing or can be constant.

Other symptoms that accompany a sore throat can help you decide whether to call your doctor. They can also help the doctor understand the root of the problem.

Even in the absence of other symptoms, if your throat is so sore that you cannot swallow or sleep, seek medical attention.

When to contact a healthcare provider

  • Fever over 101 degrees
  • Difficulty breathing, swallowing, or opening your mouth.
  • Lump in the neck
  • Hoarseness for more than two weeks.
  • Blood in the mouth or phlegm
  • Rash
  • Your throat hurts so much that you cannot swallow or sleep


The most common causes of a sore throat are viral infections, including the common cold , group A strep ( strep throat), and mononucleosis . In young children, Coxsackie and herpangina viruses are two other viral causes.

Strep throat is the cause of a sore throat in up to one-third of cases in school-age children and in 10% of cases in adults and young children. This condition is caused by bacteria and requires treatment with antibiotics to prevent serious complications.

Strep throat usually has no other respiratory symptoms, such as a runny nose, cough, or nasal congestion, but it does cause a fever. You can ask your doctor for a rapid strep test or throat culture if you suspect it.

You may also experience a sore throat due to allergies, postnasal leakage , overuse of the vocal cords, and smoking . Acid reflux can cause a sore throat when stomach acid enters the esophagus and irritates the tissues.

Environmental irritants like smoke, polluted air, and industrial fumes can also irritate the throat. Dry air alone can cause a dry and sore throat.

Watch out

If the underlying cause of the sore throat can be eliminated, this will be the main line of treatment for the sore throat .

For example, when a bacterial infection such as a sore throat is detected, antibiotics such as penicillin and amoxicillin are used to clear the infection from your body, which in turn relieves the sore throat.

Unless a bacterial infection or other treatable health problem is to blame, all that can be done is to treat the sore throat. This happens for many reasons, including the common cold and other viral infections.

You can use home remedies (like drinking some sage tea) and over-the-counter pain relievers like Advil (ibuprofen) and Tylenol (acetaminophen) to ease a sore throat . Unfortunately, it is often more efficient to wait for it to pass.

Tips to relieve a sore throat

  • Moisten the air using a humidifier with warm or cool mist, or boiling water.
  • Mix the honey with your favorite tea; it can cover the throat and act as a lubricant.
  • Gargle with salt water: The usual mixture is 1/4 teaspoon to 1/2 cup of water.
  • Suck on hard candy or hard candy.

There are not many qualitative studies that support the use of alternative therapies. Sage, slippery elm, and licorice root can be found in some herbal teas and hard candies, and although they have not been tested, they are believed to have a calming effect. Always discuss herbal medicines and dietary supplements with your healthcare professional, as some of them can interact with other medications.

If your sore throat worsens or continues to progress after five to seven days, see your doctor for further evaluation.

The reason you have a sore throat may not be what you originally thought.

Get the word of drug information

Although a sore throat is painful, it usually goes away on its own. Watch for signs of fever and call your doctor if necessary. With some sedatives, the pain will go away and you will be able to breathe (and swallow) more easily.

Related Articles