sialolithiasis is a medical term for salivary iron stones. These stones or calculates consist mainly of calcium, but they also contain magnesium, potassium and ammonium.
The mouth has three salivary glands that can develop stones:
Children rarely develop Salolitiasis. They often occur in men aged 30 to 60.
Most of the stones occur only in a gland, but you can immediately have several stones immediately.The stones of origin are from 80 to 92 percent of total Sihalithiasis, while support stones represent most cases remaining from 6 to 20 percent. The sublingual and minor glands have a relatively low risk of stone development.
The drain consists mainly of water, but it also contains small amounts of electrolytes, calcium, phosphate, important antibacterial compounds and digestive enzymes.The antibacterial properties of the saliva are protected against: / P>
The digestive enzymes in saliva begin to break your food Before you are swallowing,And the saliva is most commonly freed in response to the smell and taste of food. The additional functions of saliva include, help us swallow and talk.
saliva is made by several glands located in the mouth and throat.The main salivary glands are transported by saliva through small tubes, called saliva ducts, which ultimately release saliva in several places in the mouth, especially under the tongue and on the floor of the mouth.Three pairs of the main salivary glands are called support, sumandibellar and sublingual glands.
In addition to the main saviors in the glands, there are several small glands, called smaller salivary glands, located on their lips, cheeks and throughout the tissue lining of their mouth.
Conditions such as dehydration, cause thickening or reduce the content of water in saliva, can cause calcium and phosphate in saliva to form a stone.Stones are often formed in salivary air ducts and can fully interfere with salivary duct, or partially in danger. It can develop siallyiasis, even if it is healthy, and reason may not be able to determine.However, the conditions that can cause thick saliva and subsequent Sihalithiasis include: / P>
- Use of medications or conditions,that cause the dry mouth (diuretics and anticholinergic agents)
- sjorgen syndrome , lupus and autoimmune diseases,In which the immune system can attack the salivary glands
- Radiotherapy of the mouth
Small stones that do not block the stream of saliva can occur andCause symptoms. However, when the saliva flow is completely blocked, it can lead to the infection of the associated salivary gland.
Symptoms of sialolysis
Symptoms usually occur when you try to eat (since it is when the saliva flow is stimulated) and maybe within a few hours after meals or try to eat.It is important to say that its approval of medical service can help to differentiate the sellolitics from other conditions.Syalolysis symptoms may include:
- Bollover of the victim’s saliva,that usually occurs with the food
- the opening of the mouth
- difficulty swallowing
- painful under the tongue
- on the tongue or the most strange saliva
- dry mouth
- pain and swelling, usually,Around the ear or under the jaw
Serious salivary infections can cause deep symptoms that include fever, fatigue and, sometimes, swelling, pain and redness, and redness around the glands Affected
Diagnosis of silolithiasis
Your provider Medical care will consider your illness of the disease and will study your head and neck, including the inside of your mouth.Sometimes, a stone can be felt like wood. Historically, Elilograph, where the dye is injected into the salivary air duct, which used an x-ray, which, however, is more invasive than modern MRI or CT explorations, which are now more likely.To be used.
The treatment of Salolitiasis depends on where the stone is and how big it is. Small stones can be removed from the duct, and can promote it, and drink plenty of water, or massage and apply heat to the area.Sometimes, the health care provider can remove a stone from the duct and in the mouth with a stupid object and carefully test the area.
Great salt duct stones may be more difficult to eliminate, and sometimes require surgery.Sometimes, a thin tube, called endoscope can be inserted, can be inserted into the air duct. If the stone can be seen with the endoscope, the health care provider can insert another tool, which is then used to pull the stone. Sometimes, the removal of the stone can be achieved with a small section, in severe cases, it is possible that all the iron and the stone may need to be eliminated surgically .
In the case of the infected gland, your health care provider can assign an oral antibiotic. Never take antibiotics without seeing the health care provider.