References from scientific journals

Testosterone Therapies.

Khera M. Khera M. Urol Clin North Am. 2016 May;43(2):185-93. doi: 10.1016/j.ucl.2016.01.004. Epub 2016 Mar 18. Urol Clin North Am. 2016. PMID: 27132575 Review.

Testosterone is a natural contraceptive and should not be used in men trying to achieve a pregnancy. All testosterone gels and solutions have an increased risk of transference, and there should be increased caution when in contact with children and pregnant women... …
Testosterone is a natural contraceptive and should not be used in men trying to achieve a pregnancy. All testosterone gels and …

Sex differences in anxiety and depression: role of testosterone.

McHenry J, Carrier N, Hull E, Kabbaj M. McHenry J, et al. Front Neuroendocrinol. 2014 Jan;35(1):42-57. doi: 10.1016/j.yfrne.2013.09.001. Epub 2013 Sep 24. Front Neuroendocrinol. 2014. PMID: 24076484 Free PMC article. Review.

In this review we focus on the effects of testosterone in males and females, revealed in both human and animal studies. We also present possible neurobiological mechanisms underlying testosterone's mostly protective benefits, including the brain regions, neur …
In this review we focus on the effects of testosterone in males and females, revealed in both human and animal studies. We also prese …

A Reappraisal of Testosterone's Binding in Circulation: Physiological and Clinical Implications.

Goldman AL, Bhasin S, Wu FCW, Krishna M, Matsumoto AM, Jasuja R. Goldman AL, et al. Endocr Rev. 2017 Aug 1;38(4):302-324. doi: 10.1210/er.2017-00025. Endocr Rev. 2017. PMID: 28673039 Free PMC article. Review.

This review offers some guiding principles for the application of free testosterone measurements in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with androgen disorders. The growing number of testosterone prescriptions and widely recognized problems with the direct measu …
This review offers some guiding principles for the application of free testosterone measurements in the diagnosis and treatment of pa …

[Testosterone and mortality].

Stárka L. Stárka L. Vnitr Lek. 2016 Fall;62(9 Suppl 3):127-130. Vnitr Lek. 2016. PMID: 27734705 Czech.

Low testosterone level is risk factor for these diseases. However, until now it is not clear whether testosterone deficiency is a cause or consequence of atherosclerosis or metabolic syndrome. ...Testosterone has a beneficial effect on cardiovascular risk fac …
Low testosterone level is risk factor for these diseases. However, until now it is not clear whether testosterone deficiency i …

Testosterone supplementation.

Simonson W. Simonson W. Geriatr Nurs. 2015 Jul-Aug;36(4):312-3. doi: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2015.06.008. Geriatr Nurs. 2015. PMID: 26253039 No abstract available.


Clinical practice update on testosterone therapy for male hypogonadism: Contrasting perspectives to optimize care.

Yeap BB, Wu FCW. Yeap BB, et al. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2019 Jan;90(1):56-65. doi: 10.1111/cen.13888. Epub 2018 Dec 3. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2019. PMID: 30358898 Review.

ESA did not recommend testosterone therapy in these men. ES offers a reference range for total testosterone established in young men, while ESA cites age-standardized reference ranges. ES recommends using free testosterone as well as total testosterone …
ESA did not recommend testosterone therapy in these men. ES offers a reference range for total testosterone established in you …

Testosterone causes both prosocial and antisocial status-enhancing behaviors in human males.

Dreher JC, Dunne S, Pazderska A, Frodl T, Nolan JJ, O'Doherty JP. Dreher JC, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Oct 11;113(41):11633-11638. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1608085113. Epub 2016 Sep 26. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016. PMID: 27671627 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.

Although popular discussion of testosterone's influence on males often centers on aggression and antisocial behavior, contemporary theorists have proposed that it instead enhances behaviors involved in obtaining and maintaining a high social status. ...These finding …
Although popular discussion of testosterone's influence on males often centers on aggression and antisocial behavior, contempo …

[The Role of Testosterone in The Improvement of Sexual Desire in Postmenopausal Women: An Evidence-Based Clinical Review].

Gouveia M, Sanches R, Andrade S, Carmona S, Ferreira C. Gouveia M, et al. Acta Med Port. 2018 Nov 30;31(11):680-690. doi: 10.20344/amp.9277. Epub 2018 Nov 30. Acta Med Port. 2018. PMID: 30521462 Free article. Review. Portuguese.

RESULTS: From a pool of 506 articles, 11 were selected: three guidelines, one systematic review with meta-analysis and seven randomized controlled trials. The selected articles showed testosterone's efficacy on global sexual function and improvement of sexual desire …
RESULTS: From a pool of 506 articles, 11 were selected: three guidelines, one systematic review with meta-analysis and seven randomized cont …

Hypogonadism management and cardiovascular health.

Auerbach JM, Khera M. Auerbach JM, et al. Postgrad Med. 2020 Dec;132(sup4):35-41. doi: 10.1080/00325481.2020.1805917. Epub 2020 Oct 19. Postgrad Med. 2020. PMID: 32799602 Review.

After a converging consensus that testosterone therapy was safe and effective for the treatment of hypogonadism, several recent studies showed adverse cardiovascular outcomes associated with testosterone treatment, ultimately resulting in a mandated FDA label warnin …
After a converging consensus that testosterone therapy was safe and effective for the treatment of hypogonadism, several recent studi …

Testosteron hilft depressiven Männern.

Herzog D. Herzog D. MMW Fortschr Med. 2019 Nov;161(19):31. doi: 10.1007/s15006-019-1052-0. MMW Fortschr Med. 2019. PMID: 31691228 Review. German. No abstract available.