Dysbiosis is a condition in which there is an imbalance of microorganisms within or within our body. In balance, these colonies of microorganisms tend to have a beneficial effect on our body. When an imbalance occurs, we can experience unwanted symptoms.
Dysbiosis of the gut microbiota, also known as intestinal or gastrointestinal dysbiosis, refers to a condition in which there is an imbalance of microorganisms in our gut. These microorganisms, collectively known as the intestinal flora , are predominantly composed of various strains of bacteria and to a lesser extent include fungi and protozoa . The intestinal flora is essential for digestion and the functioning of the immune system. Consequently , the state of dysbiosis leads to digestive symptoms and other systemic symptoms.
Health problems caused by intestinal dysbiosis
Dysbiosis has been found to play a role in many health problems. It is not always clear what this role could be. It has been suggested that the balance of gut bacteria can affect the immune system and the health of the intestinal lining ( leaky gut ). As you can see, not all health conditions in which dysbiosis can occur are digestive in nature :
Dysbiosis reflects a change in the population of various microbes, as useless microbes prevail over more useful ones. Unfortunately, this tends to snowball, as fewer beneficial microbes become less and less capable of preventing "hostile" microbes from multiplying. Dysbiosis can also result from changes in the location of different types of microorganisms in the gut or changes in the way they work.
Some factors that appear to contribute to the dysbiosis condition include :
- Use of antibiotics (from drugs or the consumption of animal products treated with antibiotics)
- Unhealthy diet (lack of nutrients and fiber or containing harmful substances)
- Alcohol abuse
- Secondary to a medical condition, such as cancer chemotherapy
- High life stress
Improving gut health
In theory, dysbiosis can be cured by improving eating and lifestyle habits, such as eating a balanced and nutritious diet and applying mind and body stress management techniques . Some alternative medicine practitioners recommend using bone broth , but there are no clinical studies. to support this recommendation.
Research on the relationship between intestinal dysbiosis and our health is still in its early stages, although it is expanding rapidly. At the moment, there are several treatment options that have received some research support to improve the condition of dysbiosis :
For people with irritable bowel syndrome, there is a special antibiotic called xifaxan (rifaximin) that fights intestinal dysbiosis .
At the moment, this area of medicine is still in its infancy. There is still no clear information on how to improve dysbiosis and how this will affect health disorders. However, this area of research looks promising.