If you or a loved one recently had surgery, you may be concerned about the site of the surgical incision – how to care for it, what it looks like, and whether it heals properly. One thing to watch out for is drainage from this site, known as exudate. While drainage from a surgical wound can be alarming, it is generally completely normal and even expected.
However, in some cases, drainage can be a sign of infection , something that can be easily prevented by following simple steps like washing your hands properly. It is also important to watch for the first signs of infection as an earlier infection is detected. the faster it can heal, which shortens the healing time.
Normal and abnormal wound drainage
Exudate from a surgical wound can tell a lot about whether the site is healing properly or not. Here are some differences between normal and abnormal wound drainage that can help you assess whether to alert your doctor that something is wrong.
The exudate is clear, slightly yellow or with a pinkish tinge.
The liquid is thick and watery; can make the dressing wet
The drain is odorless
Very little bleeding
The swelling, redness, and pain will decrease over time.
The exudate contains a large amount of blood.
The drainage contains pus and is yellow, gray, green, pink, or brown.
The drain smells unpleasant even if it is clean.
Blood gushes from the wound
The wound becomes redder, painful, and swollen.
Types of normal wound drainage
Here is a more detailed description of the different types of normal exudate.
This type of fluid is normal in a wound during the early stages of healing, usually in the first 48 to 72 hours after an incision. Serous fluid is normal in small amounts, but a large amount of clear fluid comes out of the incision. requires a call from your surgeon.
In some cases, serous fluid can leak from the skin, even if there are no wounds or incisions. This usually occurs in response to severe pinpoint inflammation due to a medical condition or after the administration of large amounts of fluid, such as when treating a serious injury.
This watery, liquid drainage is made up of blood and serum and may appear slightly pink due to the small number of red blood cells present. This discharge is normal in the early stages of healing because blood is present in small amounts. … Due to the small percentage of blood in the fluid, the serum may appear pinkish.
Types of pathological drainage of wounds.
These exudate descriptions, which indicate that there may be a problem with surgical wound healing, can help you decide whether to see a surgeon.
Bloody / bloody drainage
This is abnormal wound drainage in which there is usually more blood than serous-bloody drainage. This bloody drainage is not typical of a healing wound.
This may indicate that the wound was not handled carefully enough during incision maintenance, that the patient behaves too quickly after surgery, or other stress is affecting the incision site. Inform your surgeon about this type of drain.
Mostly / All Blood
Hemorrhage is the term for heavy bleeding from a wound. It can be life threatening, depending on the amount of bleeding, difficulty controlling bleeding, duration of bleeding, and other injuries.
Bleeding term refers in particular to the rapid loss of blood. Medical care is an absolute necessity in the treatment of bleeding and can include blood transfusions and fluid resuscitation. In terms of drainage, the bleeding is pure blood, or almost all blood. Seek immediate treatment.
Suppurative drainage , more commonly known as pus, is not normal in the cut. This type of drain comes in a variety of colors, including white, yellow, gray, green, pink, and brown.
Consider this type of drainage a sign of infection until proven otherwise. Color alone does not indicate infection, but the surgeon should be advised to change the clear drain to a colored drain.
Bad odor drainage
Purulent (purulent) discharge is not only of different colors, but also has an unpleasant or unpleasant smell. Although this odor is not always present, it is typical of this type of infection.
A foul smelling discharge cannot be ignored as it is never considered normal. A clear, foul-smelling discharge should be considered a sign of infection until proven otherwise.
Amount of wound drainage
Although the type of drainage is important, the amount of drainage may be more important, depending on the type. For example, light bleeding from a wound may not be alarming, but bleeding from a wound, known as bleeding, is a life-threatening condition.
As a general rule, the amount of discharge and the amount of blood it contains should decrease in the first days after surgery. More discharge is expected in the first few days after surgery.
Thereafter, most wounds will generally have less drainage and less blood until they are completely gone and the wound has closed completely.
Get the word of drug information
A surgical wound can be nervous, but that doesn't mean there is something to worry about. Normal wounds have normal drainage (they are clean or there is a little blood or color) and they seem to improve day after day, or at least week after week.
Abnormal wounds look angry and have angry drainage. They get worse (more tender, oozing, more swelling) and most of the time they feel worse, too.
Sometimes these anger wounds get worse quite quickly, and when this happens, the need for medical intervention cannot be denied. Trust your instincts and in this case call your doctor.