cortisol is a hormone that is made in the adrenal glands , which are next to the kidneys.Cortisol is used by the body for several reasons, including combat infections, establishing the reaction of stress, as well as blood glucose level, blood pressure and metabolism.
DAN DALTON / GETTY images
Sometimes the stress hormone is called, The level of cortisol in the body can affect a series of diseases or conditions, or even by some types of medications.The level of cortisol, which is too high or too low or too low can have a serious effect on health.
Test cortisol is a type of blood analysis , which measures the cortisol level in body failure, other tests that can be used to measure cortisol include the urine test or the Test saliva.
Adrenal disorders can lead to the vocation of the adrenal glands to do too many or too little cortisol.The cortisol level test can help in doctors to study the level of cortisol in the body. The lens
, which is outside the spectrum of what is right, can indicate that there is a problem with the adrenal glands.CUSHINGS CUSHINGS SYNCROM is a rare condition that makes the body take too many cortisol.
additional diseases , when the body is too small cortisol, this is another rare state.
Most cases of pillow syndrome are caused by a benign tumor that grows in the pituitary gland, which is called pillow disease.In cases of minorities, the case of pillows is caused by a cancer tumor, which grows out of the pituitary gland or anomaly in the adrenal gland (for example, a tumor).Most cases of pillow syndrome occur in people from 20 to 50 years, and affect women more often than in men.
Symptoms of cushing syndrome may include:
High blood pressure
Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)
Irregular periods and hair growth on the face
obesity, especially in the stomach
striae (stretch marks)
Addicts to Drugs are a state that can be potentially deadly, but it is rare.
When the adrenal glands stop making enough cortisol or other hormones, it can lead to basic or secondary adrenal insufficiency.The primary adrenal gland is linked to the absence of cortisol created by the adrenal glands.
This can be caused by damage to the adrenal gland, such as antombune condition, tumor or infection.
Symptoms OvadDisons DesseseMay Includes:
Pain on the stomach
The reduced appetite
Hypoglucemia (low blood sugar)
hypotension (low blood)
Hyperpigmentation (tenuous leather)
muscles or test>
nausea sexy dysfunction
Causes of cortisol deficiency or excess rarely.
however, when the problem is suspected with the cortisol level of the base of symptoms or other diseases or conditions, the cortisol level test can be requested.
Risks and contraindications
The cortisol test is a blood test, which is considered a very safe procedure, therefore, there are several connected links.The risks will be the same for any other type of blood. Some people may experience pain when the blood is taken, but it is generally insignificant and stops when the test is over.You can also arise bruises in an area where the blood is taken from Vienna (usually by hand).
Before the test
The doctor will discuss the time and location of the test, which can be done in two parts.It can be recommended to rest before the blood draw, because cortisol levels can be increased with stress.As in the case of any blood drawing, it is important to be well moistened by drinking enough water in front of the test to easily jump the veins.
The cortisol blood test should not take a long time, usually only a few minutes. However, since the level of cortisol changes during the day, two different blood.Patterns may be required. The first blood test must be done in the morning when the cortisol level is greater. Especially you should do a blood drawing at the end of the day when cortisol levels are lower.
Tests In the blood it can be done in the hospital, in the office of doctors or laboratories. It is a test, according to the presence of objects, as well as the preferences of patients and insurance coverage.
What to take
Special clothes are required for blood test, but with a short-sleeved shirt facilitates access to your hand.
Food and Beverages
Check with a doctor about any restriction of preparations and food or beverages, but in most cases there are no specific recommendations.
can help be well hydrated, so drinking enough water to the dough, and avoid caffeine can help.
Cost and health insurance
Check with an insurance company in lighting for blood test, call the number on the back of the insurance card.
During the test
Test in the blood is usually relatively fast and simple.You can offer vatuitists to verify your information several times, as a rule, when verifying, compared to a variety, and sometimes after the raffle.Patients
are shown in the private room or on the floor of the private area where blood tampago is carried out.After sitting comfortable, the phlebotomist will place the turnstile on top of the non-dominant hand and look for the best vein for use.
The small needle will be inserted into the hand to extract blood, which is then captured in one or more vials of gross ball, and the bandage will be placed in the area after the test.
After the test
Applying some pressure place in the drawing immediately after the test can help prevent the appearance of some ruins.If bruising occur, it usually lasts only a few days. Although it is not at all necessary, it may be more convenient to avoid hard activity with your hand used by the end of the day.
If there is hematoma / A>, it can help apply a salt package wrapped in a towel to the area several times, in 20-minute sessions during the first 24 hours.After the first 24 hours, the application of wet heat for about 20 minutes several times during the next 24 hours can also help.
Consult a doctor about the adoption of <> ibudrofen or other non-steroidal medications Since these medications can increase the bleeding.
Results of the Interpretation
After a few days, the laboratory will be treated with a blood sample, and the doctor will provide results.Laboratories have different ways to classify the normal range for cortisol, so it will be necessary to judge the results in the context of how the specific measures of Laboratory of Cortisol.
A reference range for a normal level of cortisol of a blood sample extracted at 8 am is from 7 to 28 micrograms of lead for blood cylitr (g / dl). For the blood drawn by The afternoon, the control range can be between 200 and 18 g / dl.(To convert the NETG / DLT NMOL / L cortisol level, multiplied by 27.59.)
In case the cortisol levels are too high or too low, since there will be needed for observation and treatment.For too low cortisol levels (which may mean drug addicts), more tests are required.One of the possible treatments is that medications such as hydrocortisone,
prednisone or methylprednisolone can be assigned to replace cortisol in the body.
Technological changes can be needed to add more salt, especially during warm climate or during heavy exercises.
During stress times, for example, a medical condition, such as an infection, a doctor can prescribe an increase in the dose of medications. Other therapies may also be needed.
In the case of high levels of cortisone (which can mean the presence of pillow syndrome), additional tests may be required to determine the cause.If there is a tumor that causes higher levels of cortisone, treatment may be required to eliminate or reduce the size of the tumor. Changes can also be recommended to food, such as a decrease in sodium and fat in the diet.In most cases, pillows syndrome can be cured.
The word of the medicine information obtained
The test at level of Cortisol is an attractive quite simple blood.However, when an imbalance of the cortisone level was found, there may be a need for additional tests, which will be prescribed.Maintaining a close contact with the doctor about the cortisol level test and subsequent solutions that should be done is important to do, it is important.
Diagnostics of pillow syndrome or medicine acquisition disease can lead to a significant number of changes and stress.Know that it is important to maintain communication with health care providers and seek the help of specialists, as a nutritionist and mental health professionals to properly manage the condition.In most cases, these conditions are very controlled.