What does cloudy urine mean?

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Normal urine is clear, light yellow or straw yellow, and any change in the color or clarity of the urine could indicate possible health problems, such as a urinary tract infection (UTI), kidney stones, sexually transmitted diseases. (STD) or even simple dehydration .

If you notice such a change and it doesn't go away in a short period of time, it's generally a good idea to talk to your doctor about it, especially if you have other symptoms as well.

Get Medical Information / Cindy Chang

Causes of cloudy urine

The color and clarity (translucency) or cloudiness (cloudiness) of the urine can be a clear signal about the state of the urinary system. The most common causes of cloudy urine include:

Dehydration

Sometimes your urine can appear cloudy if you don't drink enough water and are dehydrated. Unless you have other symptoms and they go away quickly after rehydration, chances are there is no cause for concern.

Just make sure you drink enough water to quench your thirst every day; Drink more if you notice that your urine turns cloudy again and keep checking. Be aware that alcohol and coffee are dehydrating, so limit your consumption of these beverages.

On average, an adult should drink eight to 10 glasses of water a day and / or excrete more than 2 liters of urine a day. These amounts can vary based on the weather, your activity status, other foods and beverages you eat, medications, and kidney function.

If your urine is still cloudy after you've increased your water intake, it's time to make an appointment with your doctor.

Urinary tract infection (UTI)

If you have cloudy, smelly urine, you most likely have a urinary tract infection . Other symptoms may include a frequent urge to urinate, even if you know it is not necessary; pain or burning when urinating; frequent urination in small amounts; pink or red urine; and pelvic pain.

Bacteria, pus, and / or blood from an infection often cause cloudy urine and a pungent odor. UTIs can affect any part of the urinary tract, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra, but most UTIs affect the bladder.

In women, in particular, UTIs can occur due to a short urethra in women, which promotes the formation of E. coli in the bladder; this bacteria is the culprit in most cases.

If you are pregnant and suspect you have a UTI, be sure to see your doctor, as an untreated UTI can lead to preterm labor and low birth weight.

Kidney stones

Cloudy, foul-smelling, and / or crystallized substances in the urine can be a sign of kidney stones . These hardened mineral and salt deposits vary in size and generally do not cause symptoms unless they begin to pass from the kidneys to the urinary tract.

Other symptoms may include severe back or side pain that may move like a stone, abdominal pain, bloody urine, nausea or vomiting, fever, chills, and a feeling of needing to urinate frequently.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

STDs like gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause vaginal or penile discharge that can get into the urine and make it cloudy .

Vaginitis

This common vaginal inflammation due to a yeast infection or other vaginal imbalance can cause a discharge that results in cloudy urine .

Diabetes

High blood sugar or kidney problems from type 1 or type 2 diabetes that require insulin can cause cloudy urine. The presence of ketones , your body's by-products that break down fat, can do the same. …

Cloudy urine can be one of the first signs of diabetes.

Other reasons

Cloudy urine can also indicate:

  • Infection or enlargement of the prostate
  • Ejaculation or semen in the urine.
  • Protein in urine from kidney disease, fever, stress, or exercise.
  • Blood in the urine from another type of infection or from the vagina.
  • Bacteria, mucus, epithelial cells from other sources (including vaginal discharge )

Cloudy urine and bloody urine are also common after prostate cancer treatment.

When to contact a healthcare provider

If you have cloudy urine that persists for a shorter period of time, you should see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment, especially if you have other symptoms.

If cloudy urine is accompanied by severe pain and / or blood, call your doctor immediately. Blood in the urine for any reason and any abnormal urine color that cannot be explained by medicine or food always requires a visit to your doctor.

Your healthcare provider may perform a urinalysis, urine culture, imaging, or other tests to find out what may be causing cloudy urine.

Get the word of drug information

Cloudy urine isn't the only change in urine that can cause you to drink it twice. Depending on the cause, there may be blood in the urine or it may turn red , pink, brown, clear, orange , blue, black, green, or dark yellow. These colors can be caused by medications, dyes, or natural colors. in their diet, infections or diseases.

Frequently asked questions

  • This means that you are probably drinking a lot of water! Normal urine can vary in color from clear to light yellow.

  • If your urine is cloudy, you may be dehydrated. On average, you should drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day. If you are regaining moisture and cloudy urine still persists, your next step is to see your doctor.

  • Remember to drink first. Avoid processed foods, which often have high levels of sodium, which can contribute to stone formation. It is also a good idea to get enough calcium every day. The recommended value will depend on your age and other factors .

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