When a person is cisgender, they identify themselves as gender, which is generally associated with the gender assigned at birth. Cisgender as such is an additional designation for the term transgender.
A common mistake people make when trying to use this term is saying that someone is "cisgender." You wouldn't say that someone is "gay" or "lesbian". Transgender is also sometimes used when the word trans is more appropriate.
A transgender woman is a person who was assigned a man at birth, but who exists as a woman. A cisgender woman is a person who was assigned a woman at birth and who exists as a woman.
A person is not binary if he does not identify with either a man or a woman, regardless of the gender assigned to him at birth.
Differences between sex and gender
Although the terms are often and incorrectly used synonymously, gender and gender are not the same.
Scientifically, gender is a biological and physiological term that refers to both a person's chromosomes and the way their genes are expressed. (XY people can develop physiologically female bodies if they have certain genetic conditions that affect hormone processing.)
Chromosomes are invisible to the human eye; therefore, it is impossible to definitively know the sex of a person by looking at them.
Rather, gender is a social construction. It refers to roles, behaviors and social expectations that are considered appropriate for men and women. Masculine and feminine are adjectives that describe gender characteristics. Men and women describe sexual characteristics, although they are sometimes used to describe gender as well.
Gender identity and sexual orientation
Gender identity and sexual orientation are not the same either. A cisgender person can be heterosexual or homosexual, bisexual or asexual . So maybe a transgender.
In fact, this is one of the problems associated with the inclusion of transgender people in the acronym LGBT (or LGBTQ, or LGBTQQI). This increases the likelihood that people mix gender identity and sexual orientation. In fact, these are two completely different spectra.
Risks for transgender people
Some transgender people do not go through a medical or surgical transition to confirm their gender. Transgender people are often mistreated by the medical system. They can also face structural risks.
For example, it is quite common for transgender people to engage in sex work compared to the general population. This is especially true for transgender women and transfemale people. This is partly due to the difficulty in finding work.
It is worth noting that just as the word for working with the assumption that all people are heterosexual is called heteronormativity , the word for working with the assumption that all people are cisgender is cisnormality.
This differs from gender essentialism – the idea that everyone should behave in a certain, gender-specific way, related to the gender assigned to them at birth.
Cisgender versus non-trans
Many sexuality educators, LGBT activists, and people familiar with gender politics use the term cisgender to reduce the stigma associated with transgender identity. Many people can use cisgender and "normal sex" interchangeably. However, this means that transgender people are not normal.
On the contrary, the use of the term cisgender does not give relative value to any of the gender identities. Instead, accept transgender and cisgender identities as equivalent ways of learning about gender.
Some transgender activists prefer the term "non-transgender" to the term "cisgender." They see that people who identify as cisgender do not want to be labeled transgender.
In truth, the purpose of both terms, cisgender and non-transgender, is the same. These terms are intended to categorize the gender identity of each individual, excluding the notion that there is a standard or "normal" category.