What is a colorectal surgeon (Proctologist)?


Protolologist (now called colon surgeon and a rectal surgeon or colorectal surgeon) A doctor who specializes in diseases and conditions of the lower digestive tract, which includes anus, rectum and colon .These doctors have general surgical training, but they also have a more special education in the types of complex surgery, which are used to treat diseases and states of the lower digestive tract. .Colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy, which are made for the screen for colon and straight cancer. The Colorectal Surgeon works together with others in the health team, such as a gastroenterologist, primary health care physician or oncologist to manage the conditions in the lower digestive tract.

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Cornercal surgeon deals with the conditions that affect the lower digestive tract,And it can also be specialized in procedures such as sailionoscopy or sigmoidoscopy, which are used for colon cancer or other conditions for the diagnosis of other conditions.As a surgeon, they differ from gastroenterologist, which is a doctor who treats diseases and conditions with medical activities and does not comply with the operation. . This includes the thick intestines , the anus and the rectum.These parts (together with Cecim, which is a point of connection between a large and small intestine), refers collectively to the colon.

There are four parts in the colon: a large ascending intestine, a cross-sectional intestine, descending columns and a sigmoid intestine. The ascending colon is on the right, the side of the abdomen is the first section after the blind.Then, the thick intestine becomes a transversal colon, which falls on the belly to the right on the right. On the other, it becomes a descending sense, which is on the left side of the abdomen.The last part is a sigmoid intestine that is bent to the rectum.

The literal intestine is between the colon and the anus and is the last part of the colon. This is the structure of the tube in which the chair is maintained until it is ready to leave the body.The required intestine can be stretched until the degree thanks to the elastic muscles that your line. The muscles are what helps the straight to maintain several quantities of chair to the intestinal movement.

Anus is a group of muscles that form a sphincter (circle). The muscles of the anal sphincter hold the chair until time to have an intestinal movement.At that time, the muscles release their tension and open to allow the stool to leave the body.

There is a wide range of disorders for which a colorectal surgeon is trained in control and treatment.

Anal cracks . The anal crack is a tear on an anal channel , which can be painful and cause symptoms, such as itching and bright red blood in a chair.Some of the conditions associated with anal cracks are constipation, hypothyroidism and obesity.Many cracks can be treated with a therapeutic treatment that can be done at home and support assistance, but others may need operations warts are heights that occur in the internal anal channel.They are called Papilomavirus (HPV) , which is often transmitted by using sex, but also the infection can occur in other ways. Anal warts can start small and grow longer.The elimination can be done using several methods, including cryotherapy, electrocracraction or laser procedures.

Blood in the chair. blood in or in a chair or black, Tuberet Tour is never normal; They are signs that there is a problem that must be addressed. The colorectal surgeon will help determine what causes bleeding.While hemorrhoids are common, and bleed, they should still be considered by a doctor with the probability that there is another reason for the adhesive bleeding for the rectal intestine.It is not safe to assume that bleeding comes from hemorrhoids, even if they were problems in the past.

Polyps Culon . Polyps is the growth that occurs in the coating of the rectum and the colon.Polyps can grow more time and lead to the development of colon cancer.They can cause bleeding, and when they become large, there may be symptoms, such as constipation, diarrhea or abdominal pain, but in most cases they do not cause symptoms at all. .Eliminate polyps that can be done during colonoscopy avoids your cultivation and growing.

Colorectal cancer . Cancer in the colon and the rectum begins as a polyp.Risk factors for colorectal cancer include age (over 50 years), the family history of the disease or having intestinal inflammatory diseases (IBD).The colon and rectal surgeons are trained in the detection of colorectal cancer (such as colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy), as well as several types of operations that can be used to treat this disease.

Stop / A>. The passage of hard stools or only the bathroom has little frequency has a variety of reasons.In most cases, it can be treated with changes in the diet and lifestyle, but Olovarny Surgogone, helping to evaluate constipation and determine if there is a more serious reason.

diarrhea . There are many reasons for free stools, and it is often going on your own. But for chronic, persistent diarrhea, it may be necessary to see in a colon to see if there is something there that causes diarrhea.

diverticular disease . Around half of people over 60, have an assignment on their colon, which is called a division.In most cases, they do not cause any symptoms, but some people can ignite and cause symptoms, such as abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea, nausea, fever or vomiting.

phondes . Fistula is an abnormal compound (something similar to the tunnel) between the two structures of the body. If the fistula occurs in the lower digestive tract (for example, between the colon and the vagina ), colorectal surgery can be consulted for treatment.

hemorrhoids . Vienna swollen on the anal channel or rectum can cause pain, itching and bleeding.Often, hemorrhoids can be treated by standards at home, but at different times, the need for the colorectal surgeon to evaluate and prescribe other treatment measures, including the operation.

failure The loss of the intestinal movement or the audio leakage of the anus is a common problem that can negatively affect the quality of life.The choice surgeon can order various tests to determine the cause of the incontinence of the stool to assign adequate treatment.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) . Crohns disease, ulcerative colitis and an indefinite colitis can affect several parts of the digestive tract.Gastroenterologist will administer these conditions with medicine, sometimes combined with a colorectal surgeon, has special training in operations that are made to treat these conditions.

advertisment . Rectal prolapse is when the rectum passes out of the year. It is more often found in the elderly, and in women after the child, and the symptoms may include the bleeding of the rectum and the fabric, which can be seen / felt Outside the anus

rectoclele .The regime is a state that occurs when the cloth layer between the rectum and the vagina weaken. This leads to the fact that the rectum expands and pushes towards the back wall of the vagina.Rectocele often does not cause symptoms, but it can also be associated with constipation, pain in rectum, incontinence, painful sexual acts and vaginal bleeding.In many cases, changes in diet and therapy, such as biological communication, can help with symptoms, but for others you can use the operation.

Procedure experience

Currenteo Colorectal has specialized preparations for certain types of endoscopy and operating procedures.Endoscopy is the type of procedure that is carried out to look within the internal organ, such as a large intestine, vagina or bladder. The colorectal surgeon performs several procedures to diagnose or evaluate the conditions that affect the lower digestive tract.

Colonoscopy )

Colonoscopy, which is a test that is done to look inside the anus, the rectum and the intestines Thick, it takes place for several reasons.It can be used for colon cancer screens and rectal analysis to look for the cause of the symptoms, such as the bleeding of the rectum, or within the control of the permanent IBD.


Sigmoidoscopy is used for See in the last part of the colon, the sigmoid gut.This test can be used for a colon cancer screen or to evaluate hemorrhoids or other conditions that may affect this colon section. . There are many operations in which these doctors are trained.

Hemorrhoid surgery

In some cases, hemorrhoids can not be answered at home and requires surgery . Hemorrogia can be eliminated through rubber ligor, laser coagulation or hemorrhoidomy .

Fistula surgery

Fistulas can be Open through surgery or specialized fistulotomy, either or phystultectomy to help cure.Laser coagulation can also be used to treat fistulas.

Extreme surgery

The large intestine and surgeons will complete a surgery and colostomy , during which part or all the large intestine is eliminated (a collectomy ), and Stoma is created. Polypectomy

POLYPOS A What to remove during colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy to prevent them from growing into cancer.

Recurrent operation

resection Surgery To remove a part of a small or colon can be done to treat colorectal cancer or Krone.

Training and certification

Colorectal surgeons, survived in general surgery for all parts of the digestive tract,But then continues to receive additional training for the lower digestive tract. Education for this specialty begins with four years on undergraduate student, and then four years in an accredited medical program.The next step is a surgical residence that can be five or six years. After that, there is one or two years of specialized preparation for the Colon team and rectal surgery. . Rather versed in those.

After approximately 14 years of higher education, interpretation and rectal surgeon may request advisory certification. These doctors are certified by the US Surgery Council. UU, And the American Tysol and the Rectal Surgery Council can become members of the American Society of Intelligent Surgeons and Rectal Surgeons and the American Surgeons School.

Tips of purpose

Specialist in colorectal surgeons and, consequently,Some insurance companies may require a derivation of an international medical primary care physician or a gastroenterologist before the appointment.Call to your insurance company (the number will be on the back of your insurance card) can help you in the definition if the remission is necessary. In some cases, the derivation of a physician in rapid care or enthusiasm may also be acceptable.

In addition, some colorectal surgery asks before seeing new patients. They may also want medical records for providing primary health care or other doctor (for example, a gynecologist or gastroenterologist), which refers.It can take time and several phone calls to get references and get the transfer of records that may be upset.However, the vision of a specialist in the lower digestive tract is important to obtain diagnoses, and then an adequate treatment.

Insurance media can also be useful for finding a colorectal surgeon on the network.Physical search engines American Society of Colon and Rectal surgeons , Crohns and Cool Foundation ,and American College of Cirujeds also provide a doctors’ services that can help find a surgeon

Word of the Meds information .Some people can find this shame to talk about the problems in the lower digestive system.It can help remember that doctors who specialize in the conditions that affect the colon, the rectum and the anus, decided to work in this area and are interested in helping their patients receive diagnosis and treatment.Come to patients every day with similar problems, whether bleeding, constipation, diarrhea or incontinence incontinence.They know well that their patients may feel restricted to talk about the problems in the bathroom, and can help in recognition during destination, which is a sensitive problem for discussion openly.To be open and tell the surgeon, all the symptoms that occur that arise will help reach the source of the problem and get the necessary attention.

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