Pharyngitis characterized by sore throat and fever, is an infectious infection caused by bacteria streptococcus group A (Streptococcus pyogenes). It is a common disease that usually affects children ages 5 to 15, although anyone can make it sick.
Diagnosis requires a quick strep test or throat seeding, but doctors may suspect strep based on signs and symptoms, such as swelling of the throat, swollen tongue or swollen tonsils.
The infection usually goes away on its own, but is usually treated with prescription antibiotics. The discomfort can be alleviated with other medicines or home remedies. Pharyngitis can progress and cause complications such as rheumatic fever. but it rarely happens.
Symptoms of Pharyngitis in the throat
If you have pharyngitis, you may develop some or all of these symptoms two to five days after exposure:
- Difficulty swallowing or pain when swallowing
- High temperature
- Red, swollen tonsils, sometimes with white spots or veins of pus
- Petechiae. small red spots, on the palate of the mouth
- Swollen lymph nodes in the front of the neck
- Loss of appetite
- Stomach pain
Streptococcal and non-Streptococcal sore throat
Sore throat caused by viral diseases is more common than strep throat. Strep throat may appear suddenly with a fever but without a cough, while sore throat from viral infections usually occurs more gradually along with symptoms such as:
- Hoarseness in your voice
- Conjunctivitis (also called pink eye)
Strep throat transmitted from one person to another through saliva or secretions containing group A bacteria streptococcus. You can get a strep throat infection if you have been exposed to bacteria that spread by coughing, sneezing, and touching people or objects that have bacteria on the surface. Those who have a particular risk of developing pharyngitis if exposed include everyone who has a deficiency in the immune system, everyone who receives chemotherapy, very young children, and pregnant women.
If someone in your family has a sore throat, avoid sharing personal things like towels, drinking cups, cutlery, etc.Washing items in hot water can help prevent the transmission of infections, as can regular hand washing.
Strep throat can be diagnosed by your treating doctor or an otolaryngologist (otolaryngologist). Diagnosis of pharyngitis based on your medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and lab tests.
You may have several clinical signs of pharyngitis if you have an infection:
- Redness, swelling, or white spots that look like pus in the throat or tonsils
- Rash on your body that begins in the neck and chest
- Petechiae (red spots in the sky)
- Swollen lymph nodes
There are two widely used pharyngitis diagnostic tests.
- A rapid strep test a saliva sample from the back of the throat is used. The results may be ready in a few minutes, but the test may give a false-negative result.
- Throat culture it involves sending a tissue sample from the back of the throat to a lab to evaluate bacterial growth. It takes several days to get results and this is considered a more accurate test.
Strep throat is treated with antibiotics. Amoxicillin, penicillin, cephalosporin, clindamycin, clarithromycin, and azithromycin (commonly called Z-pack) are usually prescribed. What, what is recommended depends on your case and whether you have an allergic reaction to the medicines. Pharyngitis may be resistant to some antibiotics, so your healthcare provider may need to change your prescription if it does not improve the condition as expected.
It is no longer contagious after 24-48 hours of antibiotic treatment.
It’s important take the antibiotics prescribed exactly as prescribed and finish taking all the meds. Many people don’t know that only partial treatment of pharyngitis can lead to serious complications. With symptoms of pharyngitis, such as fever, muscle aches, and headaches, can be treated with over-the-counter or prescription medications such as ibuprofen.
Pharyngitis is a common infection. However, in most cases, a sore throat is caused by a viral infection that does not get better with antibiotics. Because of this, as well as problems with overuse of antibiotics. your health care provider will want to confirm a true bacterial infection before prescribing such medicines.
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If you have strep throat, be sure to rest well, drink water, and continue to eat well, even if swallowing is painful. Give your body a break and the tools it needs to recover.
Your health care provider will give you advice on when you can resume activities, such as studying or working, without the risk of infecting others. Even if you’re feeling better, follow these guidelines not only to protect those around you, but also to make sure you’re healthy enough to get back to your normal life.
In general, you should not expect serious long-term consequences with pharyngitis, and you should expect the condition to improve within a week. If your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse, contact your family doctor’s office.