Streptococcal sore throat, characterized by a sore throat and fever, is a contagious infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria ( Streptococcus pyogenes). It is a common condition that generally affects children between the ages of 5 and 15, although anyone can get it .
Diagnosis requires a rapid strep test or throat culture, but doctors may suspect strep based on signs and symptoms, such as a swollen throat, swollen uvula , or swollen tonsils.
The infection usually clears up on its own, but is usually treated with prescription antibiotics. The discomfort can be reduced with other medications or home remedies. Strep throat can progress and cause complications such as rheumatism , but this is rare .
Strep throat symptoms
If you have a sore throat, you may develop some or all of these symptoms two to five days after infection :
- Difficulty swallowing or pain when swallowing.
- Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white spots or streaks of pus
- Petechiae , tiny red spots in the sky
- Swollen lymph nodes in the front of the neck.
- Shaking chills
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain
Strep throat versus non-strep throat
A sore throat caused by viral diseases is more common than a sore throat. Streptococcal sore throat can occur suddenly with an increase in temperature, but without coughing, while a sore throat from viral infections, as a rule, develops gradually along with symptoms such as :
- Runny nose
- Hoarseness in the voice
- Conjunctivitis (also called conjunctivitis)
Strep throat is spread from person to person through saliva or secretions that contain group A Streptococcus bacteria. You can get strep throat if you have been exposed to bacteria that are spread by coughing, sneezing, or touching people or objects that have bacteria in your body. surface. Anyone with a poor immune system, anyone undergoing chemotherapy, very young children, and pregnant women are at special risk of developing strep throat when exposed to it .
If someone in your family has a sore throat, avoid sharing personal items such as towels, drinking glasses, silverware, etc. Washing things in hot water can help prevent transmission, as can regular hand washing.
Strep throat can be diagnosed by your doctor or otolaryngologist (otolaryngologist). A sore throat diagnosis is based on your medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory tests.
If you have an infection, you may have several clinical signs of a sore throat:
- Redness, swelling, or pus-like white patches in the throat or tonsils.
- A body rash that begins on the neck and chest.
- Petechiae (red spots on the roof of the mouth)
- Swollen lymph nodes
There are two commonly used diagnostic tests for angioedema.
- The rapid strep test uses a sample of saliva from the back of the throat. Results can be ready in a few minutes, but the test can give a false negative result.
- Throat culture involves sending a tissue sample from the back of the throat to a laboratory to test for bacterial growth. It takes several days to get results and this is considered a more accurate test.
Strep throat is treated with antibiotics . Amoxicillin, penicillin, cephalosporin, clindamycin, clarithromycin, and azithromycin (commonly known as Z-pack) are usually given. What is recommended for you depends on your case and whether you are allergic to medications. Strep throat can be resistant to some antibiotics, so your doctor may need to change your prescription if you don't feel better than expected.
After 24 to 48 hours of antibiotic treatment, it is no longer infectious.
It is important to take your antibiotic prescription exactly as directed and to complete all medications. Many people are unaware that partial treatment of a sore throat can lead to serious complications. Pharyngitis symptoms, such as fever, muscle aches, and headaches, can be controlled with over-the-counter or prescription medications, such as ibuprofen.
Strep throat is a common infection. However, in most cases, a sore throat is caused by a viral infection that does not get better with antibiotics. Because of this, and also concerns about overuse of antibiotics, your healthcare provider will want to confirm the true bacterial infection before prescribing such medication.
Get the word of drug information
If you have a sore throat, remember to get plenty of rest, stay hydrated, and continue to eat right, even if swallowing hurts. Give your body the rest and the tools it needs to recover.
Your healthcare provider will tell you when you can resume activities, such as school or work, without risking infecting others. Even if you feel better, follow these guidelines not only to protect those around you, but also to make sure you feel good enough to get back to your daily routine.
In general, you shouldn't expect serious long-term effects from strep throat and should expect to get better within a week. If your symptoms do not improve or get worse, contact your healthcare provider's office.