What is the iron of the thymus and why is it important?

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Timus iron is a body body that took scientists, the longest time to understand. It is only actively when you are born until you become a teenager.However, it plays an important role in learning your body to combat infections and even cancer for the rest of your life. It is also vital for the chemical exchange of bodily messages or endocrine system.

read to learn more about the role of Thymus in immunity, self-alding and aging, and as some disorders can affect this important body.

Get information from Meds / Nez Riaz

History and anatomy

Thymus Gland is generally behind from the chest before his heart and between theLungs. In some people, this body is on the neck or upper chest.

Although at that time it may seem strange, this is part of the enigma of the body, than for centuries.The researchers only began to understand some of the functions of the gland about 50 years ago.

Still not sure where he received his name.Some experts say that the ancient Greeks who discovered the body, called him ’em> timus , because his form seems to be thyme leaves, making herb.other they say that the name came from the Greek word for the soul, because the Body is next to the heart.

In any case, the thymus gland is the body of the immune system. Like its almonds and adenoids, it helps to deal with infections.

Timus iron.

Timus Cellus

Unlike your heart or lungs, what type of Timus Iron T is Obviously, his work includes many small chemical processes.

Inside the thymus in the gland there are many different cells.To do this:

  • Epithelial cells Line All body surfaces and act as a protective barrier.
  • Timocytes are the cells that become mature lymphocytes .Know the skin and other tissues. They help protect against toxins and other foreign substances.
  • macroophages are the cells , which are sometimes called the ‘trash truck’ of the system ImmunologicalThey eat strangers and tumors are removed.
  • B Lymphocytes are cells, which make antibodies, proteins that attack viruses and bacteria.
  • Myoid cells muscle cells.Scientists believe that they cause an autoimmune response in muscle disorders.

This list insinues how difficult the work of Timus Iron is. The role of it also changes throughout your life.

Change with age

Famous Greek philosopher surgeon, Galen, was the first one who noticed that the Timo gland is Changing with age. Written demons that he is a great newborn animal and becomes smaller when they are adults.

The Thymus gland reaches its maximum size when you are a teenager. Then he begins to slowly decrease. During that time, when you turn 75, your Timo gland becomes fat.

The term scientists are used to describe this process of process reduction, it is called involvement. Doctors also know that severe stress can lead to Thymus’s compression.In fact, at the beginning of the 20th century, researchers did not believe that Timus is more in children. When they opened the babies, who died of such conditions like diphtheria, she squeezed.

Function

From the moment of conceived, until you reach puberty, your thymus gland is very active. It serves immune and endocrine systems.This is a system that makes hormones, the chemical messengers of the body.

To understand the role of the immune system of the rudder, you must know the difference between the two types of leukocytes. They are T lymphocytes (T cells) and B lymphocytes (B cells).These cells are similar to the power of the immune system.

T cells are also known as lymphocytes of thymus derivatives. They help to deal with foreign invaders of the body, such as bacteria, viruses. and toxins.They can also identify and attack cancer cells.

b The lymphocytes or B cells have a different role. They produce proteins called antibodies and use them to destroy certain invaders.

Training T-Cell

WHEN The first defendants and the advocates of the immune system need additional assistance, call Tolch. They are made in the bone marrow, fluffy fabric in your bones.When T cells are young or immature, they go through the bloodstream and in the shine of the thymus.

Thymus has two actions. A domain is a type of ‘start camp’ training for T cells.This is where they mature and become specialized combat cities with different jobs.

Types of T cells

t -Krefie in Thymus becomes three main diseases of combat of the immune system: / P>

  • Citotoxicocells : These cells are responsible for killing infected cells directly.
  • Helper T-cells : These cells are obtained by B cells to make antibodies. They are also the main T cells and they are attacking foreign invaders.
  • Regulatory T cells : These cells work as’ Police.’Supriman both B cells and other T cells if they erroneously cause damage to the body.

Positive and negative selection

Part of the Timus called Cortex: This is where the loading workout The T cell is carried out.Here, young T cells learn to identify antigens or toxins associated with foreign cells and substance. This process is called ‘positive option’.

After T cells recognize specific pathogens, they travel to another part of the scam, called Medulla. We receive different types of learning ‘, negative choice.’ They are entered into the antigens of the body, so they do not attack and harm them.

This prevents “autoimmune disorders. This is medical conditions in which things are not like that, and their cells attack the tissues and cells of their body instead of foreign invaders.

Not all T cells do it through this selection process.Only around 2% finally do so using both positive and negative selection.

Next, the survivors are exposed to hormones produced by the iron thymus to complete their training.Then they released to do their job.

Roles of mature T cells These highly qualified cells are circulated in The bloodstream or waiting in the lymph nodes to the immune system rings an alarm.Mature T cells play some vital roles.

Immunity

T-T-cells are part of the adaptive system of body immunity.This body is developing your body after your immune system has been exposed to infection, vaccine or strange substance.

T cells are trained to recognize and take foreign threats that go through the first line of body protection.When the murderers, the cytotoxic T cells recognize a foreign invasive, block the cell and destroy it with the help of the assistant in the assistant and the regulatory T cells.

This is what is known as a built cell immunity, or using immune cells to combat infections.

AutomumUnitity

The process is the negative selection in the thymus.It is used to get rid of T cells that have become too reactive and are too linked to other molecules. The process of weeds purifies T cells, which can attack their own tissues and organism cells.This avoids the development of autoimmune disorders.

Aging

Scientists have previously believed that aging was just a worn body. Now they understand that aging is an active chemical process.

Some scientists believe that the reduction of the thymus may be something that causes the aging process.

How the thymus is compressed, your immunity decreases.That is why older people are more likely to face or receive diseases such as cancer. They are also less likely to respond to vaccines.Research now consider ways to delay the compression of types of timulos, increase immunity and slow down the aging process.

This line of research is very new.In a small study of nine healthy men, researchers used growth hormones, steroids and a drug diabetes to restart.

More than two years, blood and blood tests from people. They also measured their epigenetic ages.How many years is based on biology. The men were from 51 to 65,

researchers say that in a year, men had more T cells and stronger immunological systems.Based on the biology of their bodies, approximately 2.5 years are younger than their chronological ages.

Hormone production

Iron Timus produces several hormones,Including:

  • Tymoopoietinand Timulin: These hormones participate in Process where T cells become different types of illness militants.
  • Timbosin: This hormone increases the response of the immune system. Tymsimin also stimulates the hormones that control growth.
  • Timic humoral factor: These hormones increase the reaction of the immune system to viruses.

Timus Gland also makes small amounts of hormones produced In other areas of the body.These include melatonin, which helps you to sleep, and insulin, which helps control your blood sugar level.

Relevant conditions

Many conditions can affect the shine of the thymus, ranging from genetic disorders to cancer in the elderly. This can lead to problems with immunity and autoimmouth.

Hypoplasia / Aplasia Thymus

Jedreya syndrome is a rare developmental disorder in children, which affects the Timushev gland. The mutation of the gene causes it.

.

Hyperplasia follicular TIMIC

With this condition Timus became inflamed and inflamed.This can occur in autoimmune disorders, such as:

  • Lupus: , where the immune system attacks the joints, leather, kidneys, cells, cells, brain,the heart and the light
  • erythematosus: there,where the immune system attacks the connection fabric
  • Miasthenia Gravis (MG): where the immune system attacks the support and the motor system
  • (verm├ís for mg below)
  • rheumato-edit: where the immune system attacks the connections
  • Tomb disease : where the immune system attacks the thyroid gland
  • Siegeno Syndrome: Where the immune system attacksThe cells that are made by saliva of the isleas

timic chists

cysts are abnormal growths , Full of liquid. They are small, less than 3 centimeters (cm). Usually, they are not a problem.

The Timo cysts glands are often found when the doctor treats it for something else. For example, detect lung cancer. In rare cases, timisty cysts can hide cancer.

TIMUS Tumors Iron

Thymomas – These are tumors that occur in the timal gland. They can be harmless or cancer. They can also occur in the neck, thyroid gland or lungs. / P>

Other tumors that can occur in Thymus include thymish lymphoma, germ cell tumor and carcinoids. The symptoms of thymoma often depend on the location of cancer. For example, in the chest it can cause lack of breath.

Physicians can detect these tumors, because the patient has developed what is known as <> paranoplastic syndromes . These rare autoimmune disorders occur when T cells are trying to fight against a certain type of cancer tumor. The cells erroneously attack parts of the brain, spinal cord, The nerves and muscles.

there are several of these types of conditions:

  • Miasthenia Gravis (mg) : This is a condition in which your muscles weaken and The tires, and you lose your ability to control them.This autoimmune state occurs in up to 25% of people with thymoma.
  • Pure Red Cell Applesia : This is a state where your T cells attaches young red blood cells.This causes severe anemia, the absence of erythrocytes oxygen carriers. This occurs around 5% of people with thymomas.
  • HypogamMagloBulinimia : This condition where B cells do not produce enough antibodies. This is happening about 10% Of people with thymomas. . This condition is similar to the refusal to some people with transfers to organs. In these cases, the tumor produces T cells that attacked the human body.


    Timectomy

    Surgeons can eliminate the Timo, the Timaker, under certain conditions. One of the reasons for this child is born with the problem of the heart. Timus is located next to the heart and is very well in babies.Therefore, surgeons must eliminate it to act at the child’s heart.

    Surgeons can also eliminate thymus if there is cancer in it or if you diagnose Miastania Engrav.Studies show that approximately 60% of people with Mystay Gravis pass to remission, when their thymus gland is eliminated.

    The operation is generally carried out between the maturation of sex and the Middle Ages to avoid the possible consequences of the elimination of types, too Early in life.

    The consequences of the elimination of the thymus

    Thymus Gland is important because it eats an immune system to combat infections. Most of this training occurs before birth. However, the studies are associated with the elimination of thymus in babies at high risk of infections and autoimmune disorders.

    Children also have an increased risk of thyroid disease, asthma, allergies and possibly cancer. This is because T cells They play a vital role in cancer prevention.There is also some evidence that the elimination of the thymus can cause early aging of the immune system.

    Summary

    Timus Iron plays a vital role in learning the immune system to protect the body from infections, including cancer. This process begins when you think.Timus Gland reaches the maximum size when you are a teenager. Then he begins to slowly decrease.

    Some scientists believe that the natural contraction of iron thymus causes the aging of the immune system.Therefore, as we become old, we are prone to great and react to less vaccines. Researchers explore ways to slow down the process of reducing thymus.

    Word of the Meds information received

    Your thymus gland is necessary for your immune and endocrine systems. The microchemical processes that IT controls are very complex.The researchers had no scientific knowledge to understand many of them until recently.

    are still learning. The dramatic growth of autoimmune disorders increased the interest of scientists in Timus.Even more intriguing is its role in the aging process. Therefore, it is very likely that we learn even more about the functions of Thymus and adequate health in the future.

    Frequently asked questions

    • Iron Timus exists to train our immune system to combat diseases, infection and cancer. This process begins before birth.Glend continues to grow at 13 years, after which she starts very slowly to shrink.

    • Timus Iron has two possible places.Usually, it is in front of the heart, but some people have a shine of thymus on the neck or on the top chest.

    • Timus Thymus Symptoms include difficulty breathing, cough (which can include blood humid ), chest pain, Difficulty, loss of appetite and weight loss.This may be the result of a tumor in the rudder by pressing nearby blood vessels, respiratory tract or esophagus.

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