What is thrombocytopenia?

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Thrombocytopenia is a medical term to describe a low platelet number. Platelets are one of our blood cells, and their work is to help us stop bleeding.Thrombocytopenia is defined as a series of platelets of less than 150,000 cells / ml, regardless of their age.

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Symptoms

, Since the platelets are crucial to Stop bleeding,Symptoms and symptoms are associated with a higher risk of bleeding. If your thrombocytopenia is mild, you can not have any symptoms. The lower the value of your plate, the more likely it is that you must have bleeding.

  • nasal bleeding
  • Bleeding of the gums
  • blood in the urine or chair>
  • easy bruises
  • small Red points that are as eruption called Gallo

Call

There are several causesof thrombocytopenia, including a laboratory error. Some reasons are temporary and can be resolved with treatment, while others require aged treatment.

  • Virus: During viral infections, your bone marrow can temporarily do a smaller platelet number; This Supesssessvial is available. The bone marrow is cleaned from the body, the bone marrow can resume normal production.
  • Drugs: Certain medications can prevent body ability to do platelets or make antibodies that destroy platelets.A list of thrombocytopenia drugs is long and includes antibiotics (vancomycin, trimoprium / sulfamethoxazole, rifampine, etc.), medications treated with malaria and valprocery acid (anti-polyeric medicine).Fortunately, most people receiving these medications will never develop thrombocytopenia.
  • Immune thrombocytopenia : This is a state where immunity is confused and destroys platelets when you should not.
  • Maligno: Certain cancers, especially leukemia, can cause a decrease in the number of platelets. This is generally because the cancer occupies space in the bone marrow, which avoids the production of new platelets.
  • Chemotherapy: Most chemotherapy works, attack cells from separate cellular cancer.Unfortunately, our blood cells are produced from the rapid separation of the cells in the bone marrow, and when they are damaged, it can not cause the three types of blood cells to be affected; This is called panktopenia .
  • APLASIC Anemia : Aplastic anemia is a condition in which the bone marrow can not make blood cells generally, which can lead to Thrombocytopenia.
  • Hereditary thrombocytopenia: There are hereditary conditions, such as Bernandouliend MYH9 diseases related to thrombocytopenia, secondary to genetic mutation.
  • Splenomegaly: Part of our platelets are stored in our spleen, an organ in the immune system. If the spleen increases, plus platelets fall into the spleen, which leads to thrombocytopenia.Splenomegaly can be caused by several conditions, including portal hypertension or hereditary spherocytess.
  • Thombotism Thrombocytopenic purple: This condition, which is predominantly in adult women, small vessels for the formation of blood vessels that destroy platelets and red blood cells.
  • Pregnancy: Thrombocytopenia can occur more than 5% of normal pregnancy or maybe during predominance.

Diagnostics

Thrombocytopenia is initially diagnosed in a complete blood thromboc (CBC).It can be extracted as part of an annual surrender or because you arrive at your doctor with bleeding symptoms. To determine the cause of your thrombocytopenia, your doctor must send additional laboratories.This probably includes a peripheral blood smear, where the globules are under a microscope. Refrigerations can indicate the calm cause of a low platelet number.In addition, tests that evaluate platelet function, such as platelet aggregate, can help diagnose the cause of thrombocytopenia. It may be necessary to mention the hematologist (blood doctor) to determine the cause of your thrombocytopenia.

Procedures

Your The treatment is determined by the severity of its synthentical cause of bleeding thrombocytopenia.These are possible procedures:

  • Active observation: If your thrombocytopenia is smooth or if you do not have active bleeding, you may not need any procedure.If it is considered that your thrombocytopenia is secondary to a viral infection, your platelet counter can be verified several times to return to normal.
  • Platelet transfusion: Transitory thrombocytopenia, as can be seen during chemotherapeutic procedures, can be treated with platelet transfusions.The procedural transfusions are also often used if you have active bleeding with thrombocytopenia.
  • Drug Stop: If your thrombocytopenia is the result of the medication, your health care provider can stop this medication.This is a balance game. If your condition (for example, cramps) is well monitored by medications, and your thrombocytopenia is smooth, your medical provider can continue with this medication.
  • Medications: If your thrombocytopenia is the result of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), it can be treated with medications such as steroids, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) or anti-d-immunune globulin.
  • SPALEMOMY: In many types of thrombocytopenia, the spleen is the main layout of platelet destruction traps or platelets. Splenectomy, surgical disposal of the spleen can improve its platelet counter.
  • Plasma Exchange: purple thrombocytopen (TTP) is processed using plasma. In this process, its plasma (liquid blood) is eliminated through IV and is replaced with fresh frozen plasma.

Word from obtaining information about obtaining medications

If you have unusual or long-term bleeding, discuss your problems with your doctor, so you can perform appropriate work,And the treatment starts if necessary.

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