Savant is a person who can be diagnosed with savant syndrome , a condition that was once called the outdated term "wise idiot." Savant syndrome, according to Darold A. Treffert, MD, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine, Madison, "… is a rare but unusual condition in which people with severe mental health problems, including autistic disorder They have some kind of "peace of mind." "a genius" in stark contrast to a common flaw. "
In other words, a sage is someone who faces serious challenges that conflict with his unique and extreme abilities in an area. They may have a very low IQ or other mental problems, but they exhibit almost superhuman strength in a very specific area. The wise may or may not be autistic .
Scientists often have extraordinary abilities in music, art, calendar calculations, mathematics, or mechanical / spatial skills. Renowned scientists like Raymond Babbitt, the model on which Dustin Hoffman's character " Rain Man" was based, were able to calculate dates almost instantly. for any event hundreds of years in the past or in the future.
What is an autistic scientist?
An autistic scientist is a person with autism who also possesses an exceptional field of knowledge or skill. According to Treffert, '1 in 10 people with autistic disorder has this remarkable ability to one degree or another, although Savant syndrome occurs in other developmental disorders or other types of trauma or diseases of the central nervous system. Whatever the particular ability of the sage, it is always associated with mass memory. "
It is important to note that "scientists" and "talented autistic people" are not the same. There are many autistic people with ordinary talents, but the sage syndrome is rare and extremely rare. In other words, a person with autism who is able to count well, play a musical instrument, or present himself as very capable is, by definition, not a wise man.
Is Savant syndrome good?
Very often, parents of a child with autism are told how lucky they are that their child is autistic, as autism presupposes great intelligence and abilities. However, in reality, few people with autism are scientists, although many are very intelligent. It is estimated that one in ten autistic people is a scientist.
It is tempting to view sage syndrome as a positive. After all, sages are very impressive people with abilities that surpass those of ordinary people. However, the reality is that this does not necessarily make life easier and, in some cases, it can make life more difficult.
Some autistic scientists have extraordinary abilities that can be expanded or channeled. For example, some gifted autistic artists and musicians may sell their work (almost always through parents or managers). In most cases, however, wise skills are " separatist skills ," that is, skills that, while real and meaningful, are not used in everyday life. For example, the ability to read the pages of a phone book by heart, while a monstrous feat, serves no significant purpose outside of oneself.